1. JM1906

    Fire in National Museum of Brazil in Rio de Janeiro Growing up earing about this archive... This is devastating.. Without any doubt the biggest lost of heritage in the world since years.. Millions of documents, thousands of invaluble treaseures...
  2. N

    Oldest national borders in the world?

    I started wondering what the oldest national borders are. I think we should rule out island nations, simply because it's too easy in more than one way. It's not surpriseing that Iceland has the same borders they did a thousand years ago. We should also try to avoid borders that shift every fifty...
  3. antocya

    Movies condemned by the National (Catholic) Legion of Decency

    I was reading about censorship in movies and starting in the 30s this catholic group would condemn movies considered immoral. According to the book, people faced eternal damnation by seeing these movies. There’s a list on Wikipedia and I was surprised how many I’ve seen. They stopped condemning...
  4. N

    Most capable national leaders in personal combat

    There has been a lot of discussion on heads of state and how competent they were as leaders in war and as military leaders. I'm asking who were the most capable in personal combat - in other words how well they fought and handled weapons face to face with the enemy. More modern examples would...
  5. M

    When and if did the bald eagle become the national bird of the USA?

    Many sources describe the bald eagle as the national bird of the United States of America. In order to become the national bird, or tree, or flower, or other national symbol, something has to be officially proclaimed the national symbol at a specific date in time by a specific act of...
  6. F

    Words to distinguish ethnic national identity from civic national identity?

    Russia understands the nuance between being ethnically and culturally Russian (russkij) and being civically and residentially Russian (rossijskij, rossijanin). Any other nation whose language has such nuanced words to distinguish her ethnic national identity from her civic national identity?
  7. F

    "National" leaders not of majority background.

    There is another thread here about what it meant that Hitler did not come from inside the German state, but from Austria. There are parralels to other leaders and dictators. Joseph "Stalin", not being born a Russian at all, but from Georgia. Napoleon that came from the Island of Corsica, a place...
  8. Jake10

    Outlaws/criminals who became reformed national leaders

    Or, even scoundrels who went on to become respected leaders. Are there any who come to mind?
  9. Valens

    Front National is Falling Apart

    Seven months after her election defeat to Macron, Le Pen has all but disappeared from the public. Front National, the main bogeyman of French and European politics in recent times, has fallen on hard times. Le Pen's deputy has quit over disagreements about the Euro policy, Le Pen faced legal...
  10. JoanOfArc007

    Reorganization of the Grand National Lodge of Freemasons of Germany in 1933

    In April of 1933 Herman Goring meant with the Grand Master of the Grand National Lodge of Freemasons of Germany. Such a meeting took place as a means to figure out how to try and showcase German Christians of the middle ages as being inline with Reich ideology. On April 7, 1933, Herman Göring...
  11. M.S. Islam

    Gandhi Assassin Being Made national Hero

    That's a bit shocking: "In 2014, following the Bharatiya Janata Party's rise to power, the Hindu Mahasabha began attempts to rehabilitate Godse and portray him as a patriot. It requested Prime Minister Narendra Modi to install the bust of Godse. It created a documentary film Desh Bhakt...
  12. P

    Favourite Historical National Anthems

    What are some of your favourite historical anthems if you have any? They can be still in use today or abolished. Let me know your picks. Mine are: Wien Neêrlandsch Bloed (Dutch National Anthem until 1932) OQb9QaOXNK0 Grom Pobedy, Razdavaysya! (Russian Imperial National Anthem until 1833)...
  13. ghostexorcist

    Question about national personifications

    I work for an online estate sale auction company, and I recently came across a set of antique wooden alphabet blocks at a client's home. The fronts feature brightly colored images associated with each letter. The oddest one is this ... The images on the reverse act as a game where you have to...
  14. JoanOfArc007

    The integrity of our national union, vs. abolitionism: an argument from the Bible

    Prior to and during the US civil war a # of Christian leaders(at least one from the pro Union side) argued that Christianity supports slavery... now we have heard this before but perhaps many folks have not had the chance to read documents from the 19th century authored by pro slavery...
  15. AlpinLuke

    The power of a National Anthem

    My personal opinion is known, anyway I would like to analyze in a rational way the power of the Marseillaise. I can think only to the Soviet - Russian anthem as an emotional competitor which could resist [just for some seconds] to the Marseillaise. The British Anthem is great, but too Royal...
  16. F

    How many counterparts of the Führer are hailed as national heroes?

    Throughout history, there were leaders (Edit: e.g. Attila, Genghis) whose forces outperformed the SS, Gestapo, Einsatzgruppen, and whatnot . How many of them are hailed as national heroes? Imagine in German speaking countries, there are the Führer's mausoleum, monuments, panegyrics, eponymous...
  17. scgrimsley

    National health service

    Is the national health service an outdated dinosaur or the envy of the world? Sent from my victara using Tapatalk
  18. civfanatic

    Pre-Modern "National" Identities: Discussion on the History of Nationalism

    In this thread, we can discuss examples of proto-nationalism in pre-modern times, and the history of nationalism and ethno-national identity in general. It is often claimed by the likes of Marxists, anarchists, and internationalists of all stripes that the "nation" is an artificial construct of...
  19. J

    Was indian national congress always left wing party ?

    Today INC party is totally left wing party but was INC left wing party from beginning or later it become left wing party ? if later then why INC switched to left wing ?
  20. tomar

    Record low ratings for national leaders

    A poll just released puts France's president rating at 11% with the prime minister doing slightly better at 14% What historical precedents are there for such low ratings for democratically elected leaders and how long were such leaders able to hold on to power with such ratings ?