AD 1864-65 Kosanji Uprising — Background #1 : The Decline of the Shogunate — Chronology

Jul 2018
Hong Kong
* The old Japanese calendar was adopted


AD 1641 : The Sakoku was completed — except the limited trading and diplomatic relationship with Dutch, China, Korea and Ryukyu, Japan shutted down any contact with other nations

3rd June 1853 : The US Commodore Matthew C. Perry led four steamed warships to the bay at Edo for forcefully opening the country of Japan by intimidation

9th June 1853 : The Shogunate delegates were compelled to receive a letter from Perry, and promised the next meeting for discussion and signing of a treaty for opening ports

22nd June 1853 : Shogun Tokugawa Ieyoshi passed away

18th July 1853 : The Russian admiral Yevmifiy Puytatin led four ships to Nagasaki to request for opening ports and delivering a letter to the Shogunate delegates

23rd October 1853 : Tokugawa Iesada inherited the position of Shogun

31st March 1854 : The US-Japanese Convention of Kanagawa was signed

23rd August 1854 : The Anglo-Japanese Friendship Treaty was signed

21st December 1854 : The Russo-Japanese Treaty of Shimoda was signed

23rd December 1855 : The Dutch-Japanese Friendship Treaty was signed

July 1857 : Townsend Harris arrived Shimoda and assumed his duty as the first American Consul stationed in Japan

21st October 1857 : Townsend Harris had a personal audience with Shogun Tokugawa Iesada in Edo, discussing about the trading pact and the signing of a new treaty

12th March 1858 : The Roju Hotta Masayoshi arrived Kyoto and requested the ratification of the treaty from Emperor Komei, but was fiercely rebuked by the emperor and the court aristocrats

23rd April 1858 : Il Naosuke became the Tairo of the Tokugawa Shogunate

1st May 1858 : Tokugawa Iemochi, the Lord of the Kishu Domain, was designated as the next successor of the Shogun and went for Edo Castle

19th June 1858 : The US-Japanese Treaty of Amity and Commerce was signed

25th June 1858 : Tokugawa Iemochi was chosen as the successor of the Shogun, effectively intensified the political infighting between the Nanki Faction and the Hitutsubashi Faction for the Shogun Succession Issue.

8th August 1858 : The Bogo Secret Edict Incident — Emperor Komei directly bestowed an edict to the Mito Domain without notifying the Shogunate

19th August 1858 : The Dutch-Japanese Treaty of Amity and Commerce was signed

19th August 1858 : The Russo-Japanese Treaty of Amity and Commerce was signed

26th August 1858 : The Anglo-Japanese Treaty of Amity and Commerce was signed

9th October 1858 : The French-Japanese Treaty of Amity and Commerce was signed

6th July 1858 : Shogun Tokugawa Iesada passed away;Tokugawa Iemochi inherited the position of Shogun

23rd April 1858 - 3rd March 1860 : Ansei Purge - over 100 aristocrats, daimyos and activists were executed, imprisoned, exiled.

3rd March 1860 : Sakuradamon Incident - The Tairo Il Naosuke was assassinated

18th October 1860 : Emperor Komei consented to the marriage between Tokugawa Iemochi and his daughter Princess Kazu

15th January 1862 : Sakashitamon Incident - The Roju Ando Nobumasa was injured in an assassination attempt

11th February 1862 : The marriage between Tokugawa Iemochi and Princess Kazu was hosted in Edo