Ancient History Forum

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Ancient History / 60,000 BC – 650 AD

Ancient history refers to the time period in which scientists have found the earliest remains of human activity, approximately 60,000 BC. It ends with the fall of several significant empires, such as the Western Roman Empire in the Mediterranean, the Han Dynasty in China, and the Gupta Empire in India, collectively around 650 AD.

The Bronze Age is the time period in which humans around the world began to use bronze as a major metal in tools. It is generally accepted as starting around 3600 BC and ending with the advent of iron in 1000 BC.

The Iron Age is often called Antiquity or the Classical Era, but these periods more commonly refer to only one region. It begins around 1000 BC with the widespread use of iron in tools. It is often accepted to end at approximately 650 AD, with the fall of the aforementioned major civilizations.

Note that BC and BCE refer to the same time period. BCE is an abbreviation for Before Common Era, and BC for Before Christ. AD is Anno Domini, and CE is Common Era. This is done in order to standardize time periods across the world (ISO 8601).
  • Stone Age / Ended between 6,000 and 2,000 BC (depending on the area; until 1600's European contact in Australia)
  • History of Mesopotamia / 6000 BC - 1100 BC
  • Indus Valley Civilization / 3300 BC - 1300 BC
  • Old Kingdom / Egypt, 3000 BC - 2000 BC
  • Middle Kingdom / Egypt, 2000 BC - 1300 BC
  • Vedic Period / India, 1750 - 500 BC
  • New Kingdom / Egypt, 1300 BC - 700 BC
  • Shang Dynasty / China, 1800 BC - 1200 BC
  • Mediterranean Antiquity
  • Zhou Dynasty / China, 1200 BC–500 BC
  • Ancient Greece / circa 1000 BC–323 BC
  • Mahajanapadas / India, 600 - 300 BC
  • Ancient Rome / 753 BC - 476 AD
  • Classical India / 230 BC - 500 AD
  • Six Dynasties / China, 220 AD–581 AD
    • Three Kingdoms / China, 220–280
  • Late Antiquity / Europe, circa 300 AD - circa 476 AD
 
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