Ancient Military document

May 2012
302
Heaven
#1
We usually get information about ancient civilizations by ancient author like Herodotus or Sima Qian but there are documents which wrote by military clerks or military officers supplies many neccessary proofs or details.As I know,Egyptian,Babylonian and Persian didn't have military clerks to write records.Han and Qin Dynasty had some records relate to armies but it seems be secondary source because only 1-2% their residents are literacy.We can see that in Chu-yen or Dun-huang slips : number of soldier writers is very little.Roman is best civilization about their miliatry record systems with many document from 3 main source:
- Vindolanda tablets : around 1300 wooden tablets still survive in this fort from 80s to 120s AD ,Cumbria,UK.We can read at here
Vindolanda Tablets Online | Tablets | Tab. Vindol. II Introductory Chapters
- Dura - Europos papyrus : it is another importants records which was written from 208 to 251/252 AD at Salhiye,Syria.
PN Search
- Bu-Njem ostraca are records of Roman army in Goias,Libya in Sahara Desert from 253-261.There are around 146 ostraca.
PN Search
About Chinese text,there is only inventory record of Donghai army which can be written by military clerk at 13 BC:
Han Dynasty Donghai Military Inventory
Everyone,let's add any ancient military document which you know in this topic.
 
May 2012
302
Heaven
#2
There are some important information come from Papyrus Dura Europos:
- Papyrus Dura 97 recorded price of horses which buy for turma at 125 denari each one.It means one normal Roman can buy a horse after 4 months with average salary 1 denari each day while in papyrus of Zenon,Greek had to buy a horse at 800 drachma with normal wage smaller than 1 drachma each day.Overall,price of horses downed around 6.4 times from Greek to Roman.
-Papyrus Dura 100 indicated that Dura-Europos wasn't a border of Roman during 3rd century.Series of castras and forts listed and almost they are still unlocated until now:
Appadana(may be near Al Suwar,Syria);Becchufrayn(may be Kifrin,Iraq),Birtha,Magdala,Parthia and castle Arabum.
 

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