Another name for humans?


Ad Honorem
Aug 2015
Chalfont, Pennsylvania
O believe the name of our species is Homo Sapiens Sapiens.
The trinomial form designates a subspecies. The species is Homo sapiens, the modern subspecies Homo sapiens sapiens.

According to translation sites, in Latin both homo and vir mean man. I am not sure whether homo means man in the broad sense of human or man in the narrow sense of adult male human or both.

The term "man" (from Proto-Germanic *mannaz or *manwaz "man, person") and words derived from it can designate any or even all of the human race regardless of their sex or age. In traditional usage, man (without an article) itself refers to the species, to humanity, or "mankind", as a whole.
n Old English the words wer and wīf (and wīfmann) were used to refer to "a man" and "a woman" respectively, while mann had the primary meaning of "adult male human" but could also be used for gender neutral purposes (as is the case with modern German man, corresponding to the pronoun in the English utterance "one does what one must").
in the late twentieth century, the generic meaning of "man" declined (but is also continued in compounds "mankind", "everyman", "no-man", etc.).[5] The same thing has happened to the Latin word homo: in most of the Romance languages, homme, uomo, hombre, homem have come to refer mainly to males, with a residual generic meaning. The exception is Romanian, where om refers to a 'human', vs. bărbat (male).
The word "man" is still used in its generic meaning in literary English.
Man (word) - Wikipedia

In fiction, specifically science fiction and fantasy, occasionally names for the human species are introduced reflecting the fictional situation of humans existing alongside other, non-human civilizations. In science fiction, Earthling (also "Terran", "Gaian") is frequently used, as it were naming humanity by its planet of origin. Incidentally, this situation parallels the naming motive of ancient terms for humanity, including "human" (homo, humanus) itself, derived from a word for "earth" to contrast humans as earth-bound with celestial beings (i.e. deities) in mythology.
Names for the human species - Wikipedia

One problem with using Earthling for humans is that it is possible that in the future one or more species of primates, proboscideans, or cetaceans might be recognized as intelligent beings and people and thus equally Earthlings when contrasted with extraterrestrial people whose species originate on other planets, moons, asteroids, star systems, galaxies, galaxy clusters, etc..

Various forms of the planetary designation in science fiction include Earthling, Earthman, Earther, Terran, Terry, Gaian, Tellurian.

Modern humans and several related species are part of the genus Homo.

The genus Homo and the genus Pan (chimpanzees) are part of the tribe Hominini (though some think that the genus Homo and the genus Pan should be combined into one genus).

The genus Gorilla is grouped with the tribe Hominini in the subfamily Homininae.

The genus Pongo (orangutans) is grouped with the subfamily Homininae in the family Hominidae.

The family Hylobatidae (gibbons) is grouped with the family Hominidae in the superfamily Hominoidae.

Human taxonomy - Wikipedia

So there are certainly sufficient words to describe both modern humans and their close relatives as more or less inclusive groups.

The noun human comes from the adjective human:

human (n.)

"a human being," 1530s, from human (adj.). Its Old English equivalent, guma, survives only in disguise in bridegroom.
The adjective human comes from French and Latin:

human (adj.)
mid-15c., humain, humaigne, "human," from Old French humain, umain (adj.) "of or belonging to man" (12c.), from Latin humanus "of man, human," also "humane, philanthropic, kind, gentle, polite; learned, refined, civilized." This is in part from PIE *(dh)ghomon-, literally "earthling, earthly being," as opposed to the gods (from root *dhghem- "earth"), but there is no settled explanation of the sound changes involved. Compare Hebrew adam "man," from adamah "ground." Cognate with Old Lithuanian žmuo (accusative žmuni) "man, male person."

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