Archaeology Updates (India)

Aupmanyav

Ad Honorem
Jun 2014
5,584
New Delhi, India
"The younger books (books 1 and 10) in part also deal with philosophical or speculative questions, with the virtue of dāna (charity) in society and with other metaphysical issues in their hymns. .. Nevertheless, some of the hymns in mandalas 8, 1 and 10 may still belong to an earlier period and may be as old as the material in the family books. The first mandala has a unique arrangement not found in the other nine mandalas. The first 84 hymns of the tenth mandala have a structure different than the remaining hymns in it."
Rigveda - Wikipedia
 
Oct 2015
1,110
India
There are a couple of very rich temples are in India but many with ancient idols of stone and metal. Due to long history these are idols (and jewels for gods & goddesses) have antique value in addition value-of-material used to make them.

This report bring out the casual attitude with which valuable artefacts are handled. Even basic records are not maintained. Heritage items can become victims of individual greed and smuggling to museums abroad.

Ponn Manickavel shoots off missive to HR&CE
 

Aatreya

Ad Honorem
Dec 2014
3,544
USA
"The younger books (books 1 and 10) in part also deal with philosophical or speculative questions, with the virtue of dāna (charity) in society and with other metaphysical issues in their hymns. .. Nevertheless, some of the hymns in mandalas 8, 1 and 10 may still belong to an earlier period and may be as old as the material in the family books. The first mandala has a unique arrangement not found in the other nine mandalas. The first 84 hymns of the tenth mandala have a structure different than the remaining hymns in it."
Rigveda - Wikipedia
Those Wikipedia entries that you quote are written by school boys. For adult and mature reading, you should refer to some heavy commentaries. For starters, analyze what and how the arrangement is "unique" in 1st Mandala. Those Wikipedia comments are worthless and have no basis.
 
Oct 2015
1,110
India
Very interesting research suggesting that Gupta Empire could have come to an end because of an extreme climate event. More research is on as one would expect to fully establish it.

Somehow, I never felt fully convinced that Gupta Empire fell due to wars with either the Indo-Scythians (=Western Kshatraps) or the Indo-Huns / Indo-Hephthalites.

Indo-Scythians as a political power in India were defeated & eliminated (c. 397 CE) by Chandragupta-II (ruled c.380 to c. 415 CE). After that we don't hear of them ruling any significant kingdom.

Some of the area ruled by Indo-Scythians in Western & Central India was taken over from by the Indo-Huns. However, Indo-Huns did not seem to rule in Bihar which was the centre of Guptas. In any case, Indo-Huns too did not last as political power in India and were defeated in c. 528 CE by Yashodharman (ruled c. 515-545). The area under Guptas was also annexed by Yashodharman. After that Harshavardha (606-647 CE) in West Hindustan and Shashank in East Hindustan (ruled 590-625 CE).There were neither Indo-Scythians nor Indo-Huns in 7th century.

There was an extreme climate event c. 536 which caused a severe winter and drought across Eurasia. [1] Perhaps, the rainfall got frozen & accumulated in Himalayan Glaciers due to severe winter and thus river-flows reduced causing drought. Then possibly, when temperatures came back to normal in couple of years, there was excessive release of waters from Himalayan glaciers and extreme flooding. May be it could be dated to c. 540 CE.



[1] Extreme weather events of 535–536 - Wikipedia
 
Likes: specul8
Oct 2015
1,110
India
Ramappa temple may enter world heritage list

This lovely temple is dedicated to Shiv-ji. It was built in early 13th century by General Recherla Rudra, during the reign of King Ganapati Deva of Kakatiya dynasty. Its located 157 kms from Hyderabad (Andhra Pradesh).

What is striking? The aesthetic taste of the builder and/or sculptors here is typically non-Indian and is similar to modern western tastes. Women carved are lean and tall - most Indians sculptures show preference for buxom ladies. To put it in more appropriate words: Indian idea of feminine beauty during medieval period was a voluptuous female.

Second is the focus on height of women. Here is a lady wearing 'High Heel sandals' in 13th century. In this sculpture, one can insert his/her finger in the space between her right heal and the sandal. Attention to detail is good.

There are other good things about it. Roof is built out of stone that floats on water (prepared by coagulation of sand by heating which captures air inside). I don't know the exact technical details. Some positions from classical dance system of India are also depicted in the sculptures.

It is on the tentative list of UNESCO for being declared as a World Heritage Monument. earlier thread in Historum: The temple of floating Bricks
image-1.gif image-2.jpg
 
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