Archaeology Updates (India)

Devdas

Ad Honorem
Apr 2015
4,856
India
Witzel has no sense. He argues about Dravidian words with little or no knowledge about Dravidian languages. He is more of a politician than a scholar.
Famous archaeologist from Karnataka, Shikaripura Ramanatha Rao believed Indus script to be Sanskritic. He was the one who discovered archaeological sites of Lothal and Bet Dwarka.
 

Devdas

Ad Honorem
Apr 2015
4,856
India
Iravatham Mahadevan himself had said that Tamil Brahmi was just a regional variant of northern brahmi. And your claims on indus connections is superficial. Similar motifs and symbols have also been found multiple times in the north, throughout different cultures. NBPW, the proper urban culture, that predates keezhadi by many centuries (Earliest samples of NBPW has been safely dated back to 1200 BCE) have also been found to have linked with such motifs. Keezhadi is a great find, no doubt. But it just doesn't change any preconcieved notions, except what it directly implies; Urbanization started in tamil lands back in 600 BCE. Yes, nothing but that.
Keezhadi seems more like a Pandya kingdom site, its found near their ancient capital.
 
Sep 2015
440
Sri Lanka
2800 YEARS OLD PORT CITY OF KORKAI OF ANCIENT TAMIZH CIVILISATION ;)

Korkai was the Capital, principal center of Trade and important Port of the Early Pandyan Kingdom. . It is situated at a distance of 3 km to the north of the river Tamaraparani. The sea originally had receded about 6 km to the east. It was known as Pandya – Kavada in the Kapatapuram in Kalithogai of Tamil Sangam literature ! It has attracted the notices of the Classical Geographers as an important Port of Pearl Fishery. In fact, the Greek account of Periplus Maris Erythraei ( Circa 60 CE) and Ptolemy refer to "Kolkhai"---the First Sea Port reached by the Greeks in the East Coast of India ! .

TAMIZHI SCRIPTS AND INDUS GRAFFITI ON POTTERY
In the excavation a structure with nine courses of bricks in Six rows was unearthed at the depth of 75 cm from surface level. Below the structure three large sized rings placed one over the other (probably soakage jars) were found. Charcoal samples were collected which were assigned to 785 BCE, by the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai. A 2000-year-old 'Vanni' tree also found in the city of Korkai:

Correct identification of Korkai by Archaeological Excavations came in 1838. The Megalithic Burial Urns also excavated at Korkai . The finds of Black and Red pottery ware with old Tamizhi Scripts (two to four letters in a line or two), along with "Indus graffiti symbols" of the sun, fish, bow and arrow . The occurrence of Roman ware, and rouletted ware indicates external links. Archeologists have found ruins of Conch [Chunku] Cutting factories, Centres for split opening of Pearl Oysters at the site.
Prof. Dr. Venkataraman briefed that what was once considered cradle of South Indian civilization has now become an obscure place situated inland on the banks of Tamiraparani, approximately, four miles away from its mouth.Bishop Robert Caldwell,, conducted research on Tirunelveli and undertook many excavations. Similarly, James Hornell, a British zoologist and seafaring ethnographer unearthed a collection of 17 pieces of Conch workshop waste.
Marco Polo, Venetian traveller and confidante of Chinese emperor Kubla Khan, to ‘Cail' visited here, Multitude of vessels from the Arabian coast, Persian Gulf and China traded at this Busiest Port of the times. For an extent of few miles from Pazhaya Kaayal to Maaramangalam, broken Chinese Porcelain and remnants of Arabian Pottery was picked up from all over the region . A cart-load of this can be gathered in a day even now. Several lagoons in the area which dried up have become salt-pans.!
A Upstream of Korkai about 20 km away on the same river valley on the right bank of Tamiraparani is Aditchanallur, the largest Megalithic Burial and Mining area in South India. Its proximity and also the find of Burial Urns at Korkai itself indicate that the River valley Megalithic culture was well-populated during those times. Carbon Dating of the artifacts in the area indicates an age of 785 BC, while Aditchanallur findings of Copper finds including an icon of Mother Goddess of 8--10th century BC indicate that it was an active Settlement, and probably river navigation extended up to it from the delta mouth.!! 1570130952120.png
 
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Sep 2015
440
Sri Lanka
VAIGAI RIVER CIVILISATION !

Another site, other than the Keezhadi on the banks of the Vaigai river, just before merging with the Sea known as "Azhagankulam " has yielded already more than 12000 artifacts after excavation in 2017. This site is also dated to the Sangam Era and shows evidence of International trade with many Eastern and Western countries.
The excavations at Azhagankulam has had yielded broken Roman Amphora Jars, Mediterranean Pottery, Embossed Roman Potsherds, Copper Coins, Chinese Celadon ware, Rouletted ware, Potsherds with Tamizhi letters, a Potsherd with a Swastika symbol and so on. Beads made of Carnelian, Quartz and Glass were also found.The Carbon dating report of the artefacts excavated from Azhagankulam revealed that they dated back to 345 BC including the "Tamizhi" inscriptions !!
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Archaeologists emphasised that the Roman antiquities thrown up from the renewed excavation at Azhagankulam proved once again the Trade contacts between the Pandya rulers and the Romans. Madurai was the Capital of the Pandya country and Ramanathapuram came under the Madurai region. Roman gold coin hoards had been found at Utthamapuram, Nathampatti and Karivalamvandha Nallur.!
“From circa 150 BCE, the Roman context occurs at Azhagankulam. The Pandyas had trade contacts with the Yavanas. The Romans bought Pearls from the Pandya country and the contacts lasted till 500 CE,” said an Archaeologist who had taken part in the earlier excavations at Azhagankulam.
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A pottery with the embossed design from Azhagankulam shows a lady with African features standing with an amphora(at this figure is also associated with certain ? Jewish ritual), and and the ship graffito from Azhagankulam depicts a ship of Roman origin (Casson 1996), matching the description of“Yavanar tanta vinaiman nankalam” (the fine watercrafts of the yavanas) of Akananuru poem 149. Several evidences are available for the presence of Foreign influences inTamizhagam during Sangam Era!
Large scale excavation habitation sites and the investigation of the landscapes along the bank of Vaigai River could offer a better understanding of the Early Historic cultural developments of Southern End of Bharat !!
Not to forget circa 900BC old the largest Burial and its habitational site at Adichanallur which the " Angels of the ASI" had been always feared to tread despite it promised to publish the "Achaeological report of 2004/5" at the Madras Courts when pulled- -up by the Judges for not Carbon- dating any Artifacts so long last year !!
Only heaven knows at the depth the Artefacts were selected for cabon dating :oops:
 
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