Architecture of Ancient India

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http://nmma.nic.in/nmma/nmma_doc/Indian Archaeology Review/Indian Archaeology 1960-61 A Review.pdf

The palace and probably the towers predate ashokan periods according to this report

The architecture already has round bastions or towers, even though mathura plaque shows square bastions. either the scenes from buddhist plaques are describing buddha period architecture or its probable that these structures have been dated earlier than they really are.

or mathura carving represents stylistic/idealistic architecture not showing the ground reality.

kautilya does talk about square bastions though in his arthashastra, both semi circular and square bastions are already observed in the indus valley civilization forts.

this report does state bastions and towers were square though

Excavations At Kausambi : Sharma, G.r. : Free Download, Borrow, and Streaming : Internet Archive
 
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satavahana period vihara, the door way flanked by two elephants is a common motif even in early modern indian palaces and forts for instance gwalior fort palace, tipu sultan fort in banglore etc

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gupta period pillar with characteristic bud shaped finial

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reminds one of finials on hyderabad architectures

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