Architecture of the Seljuk Turks

Jun 2013
465
Europe
#1
Seljuk Empire - 1037–1194


The architecture can be found in the areas where the Seljuks ruled; most of the Middle East and Anatolia between. After the 11th century the Seljuks of Rum emerged out of the Great Seljuk Empire, developing their own unique architecture. As you can see Seljuk Empire created an unique Turkic architecture:










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Jun 2013
465
Europe
#6
From recent news:

First faculty of medicine to become Seljuk Museum


Kayseri Metropolitan Municipality is planning to turn the Gevher Nesibe Madrasah, which is known as the first faculty of medicine in Anatolia, into a museum where objects from the Seljuk civilization will be on display.

Mayor Mehmet Özhaseki said that although the central Anatolian province of Kayseri had a history going back thousands of years, they did not know where to show this to visitors of the city. “We have prepared the Culture Road Project to fill this gap,” he said. “Roads are being reconstructed on the route starting from the Gevher Nesibe Madrasah and continuing to the Cumhuriyet Square, Yoğunburç, Kiçikapı and Kayseri Neighborhood. The resting places for people and the furniture are fully restored. Among them, we give importance to seven points. One of them is the Kaleiçi Project, for which we organized a contest five years ago. A group from Istanbul won the contest. Now we will establish a culture and art center there. Archaeology Museum will open inside there. We have made a deal with the Culture and Tourism Ministry; it will carry the artworks in the old museum to this place but we will operate this museum with the ministry’s help. There will also be a venue in the upper floor where street artists will give performances, handcrafts will be exhibited and so on. But it will never overshadow this historic place.”

Özhasek said that they were planning to open the center in two years at most. “There will be archaeological excavations in the area first,” he added.

‘Seljuks do not have a museum’

Özhaseki said that the second important project was museums. He said that the life of the Seljuk civilization had been spent with wars with the Crusaders, adding, “The Great Seljuk Empire does not have a museum just like the Anatolian Seljuk Empire. This is why we establish the Seljuk Museum to highlight that Kayseri is a Seljuk city. We have taken over the Gevher Nesibe Madrasah from the General Directorate of Foundations. The museum will open in October at the latest. The Seljuk Empire will be described and artworks from this era will be displayed in the museum.”

The Seljuk Civilization Museum will be the richest museum on the Seljuk Empire, according to the Metropolitan Municipality Projects Department Director Hamdi Elcüman, who said that the madrasah had been previously restored. Elcüman said that they had collected nearly 700 Seljuk artworks for the museum and created one of the richest Seljuk collections in Turkey.

“There will be many interactive applications in the museum as well as historic artifacts. There will also be special playing areas for children to love museums. It will be Turkey’s largest Seljuk Museum and a monumental structure,” he added.
EXHIBITIONS - First faculty of medicine to become Seljuk Museum
 
Jun 2013
465
Europe
#7
Today in the News:

Extensive project reveals grandeur of Seljuk Empire


The Great Seljuk Empire ruled over an enormous area and created a unique civilization blending Turkish traditions with Islam and reaching excellence in the arts, sciences, architecture as well as military and land administration, and now it is possible to view professional photographs of their masterful buildings and artifacts in an ambitious publication.

Five voluminous tomes and a documentary that were prepared as part of the Legacy of the Great Seljuks Project now make it possible to view photographs of some of the most important architectural pieces and a plethora of artworks that remain from the Seljuks' majestic heritage in various countries and museums of the world.
The project, carried out under the auspices of President Abdullah Gül, was introduced to the public on Tuesday at a ceremony held at the Çankaya presidential palace. Parliament Speaker Cemil Çiçek, Deputy Prime Minister Bülent Arınç, Education Minster Nabi Avcı, Defense Minister İsmet Yılmaz and many other top politicians and bureaucrats were in attendance.
The catalogues published in the project are arranged in five volumes, two dedicated to photographs of the finest examples of Seljuk art currently on display in 22 museums of the world including the Berlin Pergamon, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Louvre, the Hermitage, the David Collection in Copenhagen, the British Museum, the Isfahan Museum and others in Russia, Uzbekistan, Iran and Turkey and three others dedicated to Seljuk architecture.
Project contributors traveled 120,000 kilometers of highways in 12 countries, took 50,000 photographs and hours of footage and visited more than 250 towns to catalogue 320 works of the Seljuk legacy. A 180-minute documentary was also prepared as part of the project.
There is also academic information about the artifacts in the published catalogues, which is the result of extensive research and diplomatic efforts to ensure the Seljuk heritage in about a dozen countries could be catalogued, with the collaboration of nearly 200 academics, researchers, writers and diplomats. The works in these two volumes exhibit the artistic perfectionism the Seljuks reached in handcrafts including glass works, ceramics, fabrics and metal objects.
The Great Seljuks ruled between 1037 and 1194 over a vast area starting in Central Asia, from where their ancestors the Oghuz Turks hailed, and extending to Anatolia in the west, and the Hindu Kush in the east and as far as Yemen on the Arabian Peninsula in the south.
In an introductory note, President Gül noted: “Today, it is our responsibility to be loyal to this grand civilization and to protect it. When the Great Seljuks withdrew from the scene of history in 1157, their successors, the Anatolian Seljuk Empire, ruled until 1308, establishing Anatolia as their homeland. To carry on their traditions, we must ensure the preservation of objects in museums and the buildings of the Seljuk era, which have now become the common heritage of humankind. I think that the books and documentaries that will appear as a result of these preservation efforts will open new horizons for all who would like to carry out research in these fields.”
Turkish and Persian scientists, poets, scholars and thinkers associated with this era include Ahmet Yesevi, Muhiddin Arabi, Konevi, Sarakhsi, Joseph Hamiadani, Shahrastari, Abdul Qadir Gilani, Omar Khayyam and dozens of others.
The three remaining volumes in the series focus only on the architectural wonders the Great Seljuk Empire left behind. The first tome in the series includes mosques, bridges, fortresses, tombs, caravanserais and other masterpieces of architecture, one area the Seljuk excelled in, from modern-day Iran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Turkey, Iraq, Iran, Syria, Palestine, Yemen, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Afghanistan, Armenia and other areas where the Seljuk once ruled.
The project also includes information about the Seljuk sultans from Alp Arslan, Malik Shah and Sultan Sanjar and the Seljuk architects Mohammed bin Atsız, Keluk bin Abdullah, Hürrem Shah of Ahlat, Makki the son of Hji Birti, Kerimuddin Erdi Shah, Abdulgaffar and Mohammed the son of Havlan of Damascus.
Konya Selçuk Municipality was supported by the Presidency, the Prime Ministry Promotion Fund, the Turkish Cooperation and Development Agency (TİKA) and the Konya Intellectuals Association. The project coordinator was İbrahim Dıvarcı. The books were edited by professors Osman Eravşar and Haşim Karpuz of Selçuk University. Photographers Ahmet Kuş and Feyzi Şimşek contributed to the Great Seljuk Legacy Project.
Extensive project reveals grandeur of Seljuk Empire
 

Reis

Ad Honorem
Apr 2010
2,028
#10
Caravanserai, or khan, or fondouk, also Han (in Turkish), also known as caravansary, caravansera, or caravansara in English or Sarai in Indian subcontinent (Persian: كاروانسرا kārvānsarā or کاروانسرای kārvānsarāi, Turkish: kervansaray) was a roadside inn where travelers could rest and recover from the day's journey. Caravanserais supported the flow of commerce, information, and people across the network of trade routes covering Asia, North Africa, and southeastern Europe, especially along the Silk Road.







Amongst resting services the Kervansarays in the Seljuk Empire also worked as sort of insurance agency.
Any goods that were lost on the road due to banditry or other unforseen reasons would be replaced by the Seljuk state.
Money deposited in one kervansaray could be retrieved from another one by the use of cheque like papers.
This not only allowed trade to flourish but also can be seen as one of the early examples of insurance and banking.
 

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