- May 2018
Yeah, that whole rebellion/false flag operation cooked up by the Army should be a case study in "Civilian Control of the Military." The problem is, the action was so popular in Japan, even pacifists like Akiko Yosano (who had opposed the Russo-Japanese war) became fascists and supported what was in practice the enslavement of large swaths of Asia.Oddly there are also numerous examples of Japanese commanders unable to get subordinate officers to obey their orders. Ichikki and Kawaguchi on Guadalcanal, and Admiral Iwabuchi in Manila come to mind. The officers who occupied Manchuria in 1931 and who instigated the "Marco Polo Bridge" incident in 1937 both did so without, or in defiance of, orders from higher authority.
What is truly sad, i suppose, is that the Army wasn't even doing something against the popular will of the people (who, if Japan had been a democracy, may have voted for the war anyway) unlike in Germany where the most support Hitler got was a plurality in a non-rigged election. if the civilians had their way, there is a good chance they would have voted for war, if the war's popularity was any indication. In this case, civilian control of the military may not have even prevented the war.