Bhimbhitka and Indus Civilization composite bows depiction 3rd millennium BC

#1
Bhimbhitka cave paintings seem to contian depictions of composite bows

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this one has been dated to chalcolithic era 2500 BCE

Prehistoric Rock Paintings and Ancient Indus Motifs

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Gupta and sanchi composite bows, same bow style depiction

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Indus valley civilization composite bows

http://opar.unior.it/749/1/Annali_1989_49_(f1)_J.E.Dayton.pdf

this document verifies it as a composite bow

amusingly, no evidence of composite bow has been found from ''Andronovo'' and ''Sintashta culture''

The Abashevo culture was already marked by endemic intertribal warfare;[9] intensified by ecological stress and competition for resources in the Sintashta period, this drove the construction of fortifications on an unprecedented scale and innovations in military technique such as the invention of the war chariot. Increased competition between tribal groups may also explain the extravagant sacrifices seen in Sintashta burials, as rivals sought to outdo one another in acts of conspicuous consumption analogous to the North American potlatchtradition.[8] Sintashta artefact types such as spearheads, trilobed arrowheads, chisels, and large shaft-hole axes were taken east.[10] Many Sintashta graves are furnished with weapons, although the composite bow associated later with chariotry does not appear. Sintashta sites have produced finds of horn and bone, interpreted as furniture (grips, arrow rests, bow ends, string loops) of bows; there is no indication that the bending parts of these bows included anything other than wood.[11] Arrowheads are also found, made of stone or bone rather than metal. These arrows are short, 50–70 cm long, and the bows themselves may have been correspondingly short.[11]
the sinauli chariot has been dated to 2100 BC @38:20


the sinauli chariot has been dated earlier than the Andronovo chariot which is dated to 2000 BC, but the sinauli chariot is solid wheeled chariot, the andronovo one is probably spoked wheel chariot.

but here is the twist

Based on its use by Indo-Aryans in Mitanni and Vedic India, its prior absence in the Near East and Harappan India, and its 16th–17th century BC attestation at the Andronovo site of Sintashta, Kuzmina (1994) argues that the chariot corroborates the identification of Andronovo as Indo-Iranian. Klejn (1974) and Brentjes (1981) found the Andronovo culture much too late for an Indo-Iranian identification since chariot-using Aryans appear in Mitanni by the 15th to 16th century BC. However, Anthony & Vinogradov (1995) dated a chariot burial at Krivoye Lake to around 2000 BC.[23]
 
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#2
interestingly contrary to aryanists debate here are some details i saw from getty website

Primitive chariot, probably c 2000 BC.
UNSPECIFIED - APRIL 18: Scale model of a simple chariot with two solid wooden wheels. The two-wheeled chariot was invented by the Sumerians in Mesopotamia probably some time between 3500 and 3000 BC. They were used as a means of transport, but would also be developed for use in war. The earliest chariots had solid wheels such as the ones on this model. The Hyksos, a people from Palestine, developed chariots with spoked wheels, which enabled superior speeds to be achieved. They used their chariots to deadly military effect when they invaded Egypt in around 1700 BC. The Egyptians further improved their design to develop fast, strong, lightweight chariots which formed an elite part of their army.
Scale model of a simple chariot with two solid wooden wheels. The... News Photo | Getty Images

so two wheeled chariots were also developed in the fourth millennium, and aryanists talk about first chariots appearing around second millennium through andronovo indo europeans.

in wikipedia you get just another completely alien details about aryans

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looks pretty much the same

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Chariot - Wikipedia

somebody especially western eurocentric scholars are really lying about the timeline of spoked wheel chariots, and about chariots as a whole, how did spoked wheel chariots appear in europe/andronovo before there were any discoveries of the solid wheeled chariots, how did they they develop technology out of no prior developments? it is only possible that nations which possessed prior technologies would develop next level technologies.
 
Likes: No Bias FTW
Aug 2014
4,029
Australia
#4
They are depicting some kind of bow but the illustrations are way too crude to say any more than that. Composite bows that early are highly unlikely. The earliest confirmed evidence dates to the middle of the second millennium.

The earliest evidence for chariots dates to the beginning of the second millennium. There is no evidence for Sumerian chariots. All of the relevant illustrations depict four-wheeled wagons.

There are examples of four-wheeled wagons with solid wheels but the only chariots with solid wheels are toys. It is believed that a full-sized chariot construction is not practical with solid wheels so it had to await the development of spoked wheels.
 
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#6
They are depicting some kind of bow but the illustrations are way too crude to say any more than that. Composite bows that early are highly unlikely. The earliest confirmed evidence dates to the middle of the second millennium.

The earliest evidence for chariots dates to the beginning of the second millennium. There is no evidence for Sumerian chariots. All of the relevant illustrations depict four-wheeled wagons.

There are examples of four-wheeled wagons with solid wheels but the only chariots with solid wheels are toys. It is believed that a full-sized chariot construction is not practical with solid wheels so it had to await the development of spoked wheels.
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regards
 

Aatreya

Ad Honorem
Dec 2014
3,441
USA
#7
Bhimbhitka cave paintings seem to contian depictions of composite bows

View attachment 16725

this one has been dated to chalcolithic era 2500 BCE

Prehistoric Rock Paintings and Ancient Indus Motifs

View attachment 16726

View attachment 16729

View attachment 16730

Gupta and sanchi composite bows, same bow style depiction

View attachment 16727

View attachment 16728


Indus valley civilization composite bows

http://opar.unior.it/749/1/Annali_1989_49_(f1)_J.E.Dayton.pdf

this document verifies it as a composite bow

amusingly, no evidence of composite bow has been found from ''Andronovo'' and ''Sintashta culture''



the sinauli chariot has been dated to 2100 BC @38:20


the sinauli chariot has been dated earlier than the Andronovo chariot which is dated to 2000 BC, but the sinauli chariot is solid wheeled chariot, the andronovo one is probably spoked wheel chariot.

but here is the twist
As much as I would love to believe that the Sanauli chariot has been scientifically dated, it is not. If it were, we would have a lot of news coverage. In our country, we do not value time.
 

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