- Mar 2014
I acept the Roman Empire and all the Euopean civilizations is at the end, an offspring of Middle Eastern cultures.
However, I find interesting the divide between Sub-Saharan and Sub-Equatorial Africa.
Sub-Saharan cultures to the Equator, and down the Indian Ocean to Mozambique in coastal areas are linked to civilizations of Europe and the ME. From a lesser degree (Niger area been more original) to a higher degree (Ethiopia been strongly linked, to the point of total confusion).
South of Equator appear native African cultures with little or no linkage with the rest of Old World cultures. That's fascinating to study.
North Africa along the coast was tied to the Mediterranean world because that is where the sea drains into. East Africa, Horn of Africa, South East Africa, Madagascar, southern Africa is apart of the Indian Ocean world. West and Central Africa was tied to the Atlantic world which plays out later in history when there are complex late iron age societies form in Western Europe and Western Africa along the coast, and near forest region. West Africa was also connected to the Mediterranean, Red Sea, Indian Ocean worlds due to the Trans-Saharan system. You can google ocean drainage systems and that will show you why certain parts of Africa interacted more with the Mediterranean, Red Sea, Indian Ocean, or Atlantic Ocean. Since most of the trade was coming from West Africa All interior roads lead there and back keeping West Africa connected throughout history.