Bloodiest battles in history of each nation

Dec 2009
5,558
Poland
Only military losses (not counting civilians), only own losses (not enemy losses) and only "bloody" losses (fatalities and missing without a trace and wounded, can be just fatalities - sick or POWs do not count). What were the bloodiest battles in history of each country / nation?
 
Aug 2006
583
Waltheofshire
The Battle of Towton is Britain's, according to many historians.

Fought in a blinding snowstorm for ten hours on Palm Sunday, 1461, 50,000 Lancastrians and Yorkists fought a merciless battle (under orders of no prisoners), and reputedly, 28,000 were slain.

It wasn't just the horrific death toll, but the battlefield atrocities and mutilations in the dreaded rout.
 

Salah

Forum Staff
Oct 2009
23,284
Maryland
I believe the 1862 Battle of Antietam still holds that record for the USA.
 

Tercios Espanoles

Ad Honorem
Mar 2014
6,663
Beneath a cold sun, a grey sun, a Heretic sun...
For Canada, the bloodiest single day was Dieppe in August, 1942. 907 Killed and some 2,400 wounded out of some 5,000 Canadians engaged.

Canadian dead at Puys on Blue Beach. Above the head of the German you can see the concrete machine gun emplacement which enfiladed these unfortunates.



Stranded Churchill tanks. The tanks could get no purchase on the loose shingle of the beach. Very few made it off.

 
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Dec 2009
5,558
Poland
Battles which lasted for more than one day can also be listed (but of course you can also list bloodiest single days).

And in case of civil wars it seems that losses of both sides will count. :)
 

Tercios Espanoles

Ad Honorem
Mar 2014
6,663
Beneath a cold sun, a grey sun, a Heretic sun...
Battles which lasted for more than one day can also be listed (but of course you can also list bloodiest single days).
It's actually tough to pin down. In three months on the Somme in 1916 Canada lost 24,029 killed and wounded. In three weeks at Passchendaele some 15,654. Which was the bloodier battle?
 

diddyriddick

Historum Emeritas
May 2009
14,692
A tiny hamlet in the Carolina Sandhills
I believe the 1862 Battle of Antietam still holds that record for the USA.
Antietam was the bloodiest single day in American history, but far more were killed at Gettysburg in 3 days.
 

Scaeva

Ad Honorem
Oct 2012
5,630
The Meuse-Argonne Offensive in the First World War is arguably the bloodiest battle in American history. The U.S. suffered a total of 122,063 casualties, of which 26,277 were either killed in action or died of wounds. Both the killed and wounded totals far exceed that of the combined Union and Confederate casualties at Gettysburg.

It usually isn't put forth as the bloodiest battle however, because we tend to be inconsistent in what we consider a battle. People will usually say, "oh that was a grand offensive, not really a battle per se." But then we call other military actions also involving fairly large swaths of territory, like Normandy, the Battle of the Bulge, or the Somme, or Stalingrad, or Leningrad "battles."
 
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Aug 2006
583
Waltheofshire
In French history, it might be Verdun, 1916, a vacuum of death during WWI.

For the Russians/Soviets- Stalingrad?

Possibly both of the above for the Germans also?

For the Italians- Cannae (216bc)?
 

M.E.T.H.O.D.

Ad Honorem
Aug 2011
4,213
Gaillimh (Ireland)
In French history, it might be Verdun, 1916, a vacuum of death during WWI.

For the Russians/Soviets- Stalingrad?

Possibly both of the above for the Germans also?

For the Italians- Cannae (216bc)?
Cannae is far too back in time to be considered Italian (but you could consider it for the Roman Republic, that was a nation as well).
I'm not a WWI expert but the 11th Battle of the Isonzo and the Battle of the Piave were very bloody for the Italians, the former costed them more than 100k (in dead, wounded Mias). These battles lasted for multiple weeks though so I don't know if that's what the OP is asking for.
Regarding WWII, the Soviet offensive of Rossos saw the distruction of the Italian ARMIR (which was on the verge on complete military annihilation), with casualties numbering around 50k. The Italians also lost a great number of soldiers during the following retreat in the Russian winter.
In the same offensive, even the Hungarian troops suffered huge casualties