- May 2016
Makes sense. BTW, is the Portuguese that these documents are written in easily understood by present-day Portuguese people? Did Portuguese significantly change over the last 500 years?
Thank you very much for this information, Tulius! Anyway, how many Spaniards actually settled in the Philippines? Also, how many Portuguese actually settled in Sub-Saharan Africa?
An online source (in Spanish): http://www.armada.mde.es/archivo/mardigitalrevistas/cuadernosihcn/31cuaderno/01cap.pdf
As for the Portuguese there were some 200.000 in Angola and 80.000 in Mozambique when the colonial war begun. As in the Spanish case, America and not Africa or Asia, had been the biggest migration target for the Portuguese, even after Brazil’s independence. Since the late of the 19th century there were between 1000 and 2000 new Portuguese settlers in Africa per year. This change drastically in the decades of 1960 and 1970, in 1960 the migration was 14.896 people. Don’t know the numbers for Guinea and the other Colonies. Since 1907 there was no need of passport to go to the Portuguese Africa to support new settlers. We must recall that the Portuguese population in Europe was always quite low, only reaching the 9 or 10 million in the 20th century. So this was a huge colonization effort.
In 1975 with the decolonization between 500.000 and 800.000 people returned to Portugal. They were called the “retornados”. Mostly were European Portuguese but in this number we also must count also Portuguese black Africans that fought in the Portuguese army and their families. Even if in some places like the ”Commandos Africanos” in Guinea they were abandoned and shot by the new independent regime.
Source: SAMPAIO, Thiago Henrique. Portugal em África: a política de emigração para as colônias (1890 – 1974) [online]. In: CESP, Vol. 3, No 6, 2014. (in Portuguese).