'Britain's first pre-Roman planned town' found near Reading

Aug 2010
17,765
Central Macedonia
#1
"Archaeologists believe they have found the first pre-Roman planned town discovered in Britain. It has been unearthed beneath the Roman town of Silchester or Calleva Atrebatum near modern Reading.
The Romans are often credited with bringing civilisation to Britain - including town planning.
But excavations have shown evidence of an Iron Age town built on a grid and signs inhabitants had access to imported wine and olive oil.
Prof Mike Fulford, an archaeologist at the University of Reading, said the people of Iron Age Silchester appear to have adopted an urbanised 'Roman' way of living, long before the Romans arrived."


BBC News - 'Britain's first pre-Roman planned town' found near Reading
 
Mar 2011
5,047
Brazil
#2
Civilization didn't come with the Romans, it was the Romans that came with civilization.

When certain territories developed urban life and trade networks, it soon developed a money economy and hence could pay taxes. Soon after the legions came to incorporate the place into the Empire.

Romanization was a process where a place developed an urban network and culture integrated with the mediterranean classical civilization. It was an spontaneus process where a place became integrated with the wider mediterranean based civilization. The process of expansion of the Roman Empire from 100 BCE ownwards was based on the expansion of the process of development of urban civilization into northern Europe. The Roman Empire stopped expanding after 115 CE because the urban civilization that could pay taxes to the Roman state also stopped spreading into new lands.

They stopped spreading because the mediterranean core stopped developing and hence the beginning of the declined of the classical world started by the early 2nd century CE.

Rome incorporated all developed territories in western eurasia. They could do that since after the defeat of Macedon, Carthage, the Seleucids and the Greek cities there wasn't anymore a great power in the classical world besides rome.
 
Feb 2010
629
Cambridgeshire, UK
#4
Yeah visited the site this August it was quite neat. The University of Reading are only excavating a 53m2 area or so (can't remember exactly not much bigger) and they've been at it 10 years so meticulous is their stategy. It was quite something to a grid plan on an Iron Age period settlement though, although the roads were less developed than the Roman ones they were still quite clear.
 

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