Wow, cool .. and what about their culture? Were there any differences?The Britons were those people living in Britain in Roman times. They had originally been Celtic, but after several centuries of Roman occupation, there had been considerable intermarriage with non-Britons. Sometimes you'll see the term 'Romano-British.' In the fifth and sixth century there were people, mostly in modern-day Scotland and Ireland, who were still purely, or nearly pure, Celts. The Britons are also sometimes called Welsh to distinguish them from the Saxons after the Saxon invasions began.
The Anglo-Saxons came from Germany and Denmark and perhaps to a lesser extent from Norway, too. The Saxons (to shorten Anglo-Saxons, Jutes are also included as Saxons) began arriving in large numbers during the fifth century and the migrations continued well into the sixth century. After the collapse of Roman authority in Britain in the early fifth century, Britain broke up into many small kingdoms. The invading Saxons established kingdoms in the south and east of Britain. Over the next several centuries these different kingdoms engaged in more or less continuous warfare with each other. At different times different kings and kingdoms came to dominate, but no permanent unification emerged until the ninth century. One trend of these warring centuries is that the Britons were pushed farther and farther west until the Saxons came to control all of England which was originally Angle land - the land of the Anglo-Saxons. Wales remained distinct from England because that's where the Romano-British/Welsh went after being displaced by the Saxons. Scotland also defied Saxon/English conquest until the late Medieval period.
The Vikings came from Scandinavia and began raiding England and other places in the eighth century. They would eventually settle in England during the ninth century in what became known as the Great Heathen Army. They would eventually control much of Northern England and establish the Danelaw - that part of England where Viking and Danish law prevailed. The Vikings were still involving themselves in English affairs as late as 1066. Part of the story of the Battle of Hastings involves a Viking named Harold Hardrada.
You should naturally be more interested in the celtic ethnicities as czechia belongs to their historical sphere. Britons might've be celtic, yet the recent scholarship is slowly coming to a definite conclusion that there's been no major influx /moving of germanic peoples onto the british isles. Both the celtic and the germanic peoples had lived side by side in what is now england long before the 6th century ce when the supposed movement of the angles, saxons and jutes happened. It is safe to say that the same principle happened in macedonia as well. That's why I love this topic.Hi everyone, can somebody please explain to me what are the differences between the Britons, the Anglo-Saxons and the Vikings (in the early medieval period)? It's kinda confusing, so thanks to everyone who can give me some answers.
No, celtic is not an ethnic british identity. It's a culture which has it's origins in south germany and spread through europe. Britons were just certain groups of R1b people who's origins are in the steppes of russia, mixed with the G neolithic farmers who's origins were from anatolia present turkey, who were mixed with some european mesolithic hunter gatherers. There were migrations of R1b people from iberia to ireland too, but english neolithic people were for sure completely replaced by bell beakers from netherlands, and it's proven by dna.-Anglo-Saxons and Vikings were Germanic while Britons were Celtic, that is, the former two spoke and worshipped Germanic languages and gods and the latter spoke and worshipped Celtic languages and gods.
-Anglo-Saxons and Vikings were Scandinavian, while Britons originated in France and Spain and migrated to the British Isles.
-Anglo-Saxons and Vikings both spoke different branches of the Germanic language family, and the Vikings originated further north in Scandinavia while the Anglo-Saxons originated in the Scandinavian border with Germany.
you think all celtic languages originated with the Hallstatt culture?No, celtic is not an ethnic british identity. It's a culture which has it's origins in south germany and spread through europe. Britons were just certain groups of R1b people who's origins are in the steppes of russia, mixed with the G neolithic farmers who's origins were from anatolia present turkey, who were mixed with some european mesolithic hunter gatherers. There were migrations of R1b people from iberia to ireland too, but english neolithic people were for sure completely replaced by bell beakers from netherlands, and it's proven by dna.
And all germanic peoples have their earliest origins in southern sweden where germanic culture was born.
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