- Feb 2010
- Canary Islands-Spain
Spain is just in the mid point of being a continental and a naval power. This duality led to its rise and stability, but as well as to its demise on the long term because of the impossibility of sustaining such effortNavies are developed by states or peoples that have a large, wealthy, influential mercantile class dependant on sea-born trade. viz Tyre, Athens, Rhodes, Carthage, Byzantium, Venice , Genoa, Holland, Great Britain, Japan, USA et al. Navies exist to defend and extend such trade.
Sometimes a powerful, less commercial, continental state (Sparta, Macedon, Rome, Caliphate, Ottomans, Spain (?), France, Imperial Germany, Russia) can develop a Navy for strategic reasons. But Navies are expensive, and usually other competing priorities keep them from permanently challenging true commercial-maritime powers, for whom a Navy is the top priority.