- Nov 2019
- New Jersey, USA
Was the Chosŏn dynasty of Korea naturally accustomed to the Chinese tributary system due to Chinese cultural supremacy, Korean political defense, and Sino-Korean commercial relations? Alternatively, was the Chosŏn dynasty forced into the Chinese tributary system with political and military threats from the Ming and Qing dynasties of China as well as other foreign threats, and the Chosŏn dynasty’s desire to guarantee it’s own survival? To simplify my question, was the Chosŏn dynasty a willing participant of the Chinese tributary system, or was it forced upon them?