Cultures in Northern Russia/Scandinavia in Antiquity?

Jul 2019
Just wondering if there were any advanced cultures or civilizations that we know of that existed in northern Russia/Scandinavia around the 1st millennium BC?

And by the way I'm talking north of the Scythians.


Ad Honorem
Sep 2011
About the Nordic Bronze Age then.

Made things like this:

Certainly a hierarchical, complex society. The Nordic Bronze Age art was always a bit extraordinary in its ornamental richness. Parallels (somewhat speculative) have been drawn between the Baltic and the Mediterranean at the same time, about the symbolism and importance of ships in both places.

Not sure what value you attach to "advanced" here? It's a sneaky concept. The Bronze Age societies in the parts asked for weren't literate.
Jul 2019
Thanks, it looks like there's a decent amount of information on the Scandinavian peoples of that time period. I'll have to look more into them. Also, I say "advanced" but I really just wanted to know of any people that we know existed in that area (that weren't still in the stone age...).


Ad Honorem
Sep 2011
Oh, "people that we know" is kind of tricky. It was located in the half-mythical outer reaches of the known world, as it was known to people in the Mediterranean who might write things down. We have no knowledge of how the Bronze Age Scandinavians self-identified, what political divisions there would have been etc. The archaeological record indicates a religions we are not entirely familiar with (sun worship, powerful female gods, water associated with both fertility and death, as in the cult of the dead and the Other World), in many ways rather different from the late Iron Age ("Viking") religion we do know.

This is just the Wikipedia take on it, bit it's a start:
Nordic Bronze Age - Wikipedia
Likes: Matthew Amt


Ad Honorem
Jun 2014
This is a little outside the box, but the battle of Tollense appears to have been fought by Bronze Age northern Europeans, possibly Nordic, and bronze weapons have been found among the remains of what was has been called the largest battle in Europe for the era and then some.
Nov 2018
This is a bit shaggy.

But the professional belly dancer Anni Brøgger dreamed a dream that made a big impression on her, where the Egtved girl performed a ritual fertility dance for her.

Sometime later she was at the Danish National Museum, where she spoke to some archaeologists who were very interested in this theory. And who lent her a copy of the Egtved girl's dress.

At home, she discovered that it certainly was not a dress for everyday use, when she carried her daughter on her hip and the baby was immediately entangled in the dress.

However, when she starts dancing, something magical happens with the belt plate. The circular movements with her stomach make the sun's glare runs around in the spirals. Seen from the viewer, the sun moves from left to right in the spirals, which become completely alive.

Through another belly dance movement, where the dancer lashes with the stomach on the horizontal plane, the sun's glare jumps around on the belt plate. This happens because the belt plate has a flat polished edge piece and when the sun's light hits the shiny edge it forms a true mirror image of the sun, and the viewer becomes completely dazzled for a brief moment.

In such experimental archaeological studies performed for archaeologists at several Danish museums :winktongue: , it looks as if some kind of belly dance was danced in the Bronze Age.


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