- Oct 2012
- Des Moines, Iowa
I am completely illiterate in Chinese, so I have not read any traditional books on history or historiography written in Chinese. Did traditional (by which I mean pre-modern, before the 19th century) Chinese historians have a clear concept of progress and evolutionary change in history, or did they view history as a cyclical process where each succeeding dynasty attempted to restore some previous, lost "Golden Age"? For example, did Song or Ming historians view their current era as being superior and more advanced compared to previous dynasties in certain aspects, and did they expect future dynasties to carry on such progress and evolution?