Duarte Pacheco Pereira: the navigator who discovered Brazil before Cabral

Oct 2015
Matosinhos Portugal
Duarte Pacheco Pereira: the navigator who discovered Brazil before Cabral

It is known that the discovery of Brazil is full of mystery but it is increasingly evident the thesis that Duarte Pacheco Pereira was the first to discover it.

After all who arrived first in Brazil, Pedro Álvares Cabral or Duarte Pacheco Pereira? Duarte Pacheco Pereira, one of the great navigators of the XV-XVI centuries and captain of war in India, the first great hero of the Expansion received in Lisbon with a triumphal parade and whom Camões called "Aquiles Lusitano", left in the work Esmeraldo de Situ Orbis phrases which have been taken as proof of the discovery of Brazil before 1500, the official date. The debate has been on since the writing was revealed in 1892.
Duarte Pacheco was a skilled sailor and a famous warrior. In the words of the chronicler, he was a man who was too angry and annoyed. A native of Santarém, knight of the House of King D. João II, he had become noticed before his voyage to India, on the expedition of Afonso de Albuquerque, in which he commanded the Holy Spirit.
He was the son of a navigator and the son of a shipowner. He had grown up in contact with the things of the sea, the dashing voyages of the Portuguese who were breaking the ocean, stripping him of his legends, bringing to civilization new lands and new peoples.
His spirit could not but be possessed with the ardor of adventures and great deeds. Thus he demonstrated it in all his life, put to the service of his homeland, realizing commitments that made of him one of the most remarkable Portuguese of his time.

His epic begins with the voyages of exploration and reconnaissance along the west coast of Africa. In 1494, he took part, as delegate of Portugal, in the conference where the famous Treaty of Tordesilhas, without doubt the most important treaty realized in century XV resulted. Your presence at this conference reveals your high scientific knowledge.
The confidence that D. João II deposited in him remained during the reign of D. Manuel, who in 1498 sent him beyond the grandeur of the Ocean Sea to discover western lands of the Atlantic where he found a large mainland with many large islands adjacent to she.
It is thought, therefore, that he had had knowledge of the lands of America, a fact which the policy of the time did not permit to reveal in order not to provoke strife with Spain, nor to stir up the greed of others.

Pedro Álvares Cabral made this official discovery in 1500, and avoided, in this way, frictions and complaints that would have arisen had the event not been taken care of with all the care, of all secrecy, of navigations carried out previously.


Duarte Pacheco Pereira

Arrival of Pedro Álvares Cabral to Brazil

Treaty of Tordesillas

Treaty of Tordesillas

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