Empire that ruled the largest % of world population

Apr 2017
1,154
U.S.A.
#1
The Persian empire at it's height was said to have ruled around 44% of the world population in 480 BC, skip ahead to Alexander's conquest in 323 BC and this would imply he ruled close to half the world's population if the population % of the region had not changed. Is there any other ruler/empire that comes close to this percentage?
 

MAGolding

Ad Honorem
Aug 2015
2,753
Chalfont, Pennsylvania
#4
The Persian empire at it's height was said to have ruled around 44% of the world population in 480 BC, skip ahead to Alexander's conquest in 323 BC and this would imply he ruled close to half the world's population if the population % of the region had not changed. Is there any other ruler/empire that comes close to this percentage?
You're wrong about Alexander. He was the ruler of a small kingdom and the protector of Greece. He then invaded Persia and usurped the throne of the King of Kings.

But the Persian Achaemenid Empire was smaller in Alexander's time than when it was largest, and thus didn't rule as high a proportion of the world's population. Also civilization was spreading and lands outside the Persian empire were becoming more densely populated.

Note that the Wikipedia list of largest empires lists the Achaemenid Empire in 500 BC at 5.5 million square kilometers or 2.12 million square miles, 3.69 percent of the world land area and the Macedonian Empire in 323 BC as 5.3 million square kilometers or 2.01 million square miles or 3.49 percent of the world land area.

So even though Alexander usurped the throne of a ready made empire and then spent years establishing control of many of its far flung provinces, he still didn't rule all the lands ruled by the Achaemenid Empire at its height.

Thus Alexander should have ruled over a smaller percentage of the world's population than Darius I the Great.
 
Jun 2015
5,679
UK
#6
Of the entire world, possibly the British. Of its known world, maybe the early Chinese dynasties. Rome ruled much of civilised Europe, but never beyond Mesopotamia, or into Persia and into India.
 

Frank81

Ad Honorem
Feb 2010
5,001
Canary Islands-Spain
#8
You're wrong about Alexander. He was the ruler of a small kingdom and the protector of Greece. He then invaded Persia and usurped the throne of the King of Kings.

But the Persian Achaemenid Empire was smaller in Alexander's time than when it was largest, and thus didn't rule as high a proportion of the world's population. Also civilization was spreading and lands outside the Persian empire were becoming more densely populated.

Note that the Wikipedia list of largest empires lists the Achaemenid Empire in 500 BC at 5.5 million square kilometers or 2.12 million square miles, 3.69 percent of the world land area and the Macedonian Empire in 323 BC as 5.3 million square kilometers or 2.01 million square miles or 3.49 percent of the world land area.

So even though Alexander usurped the throne of a ready made empire and then spent years establishing control of many of its far flung provinces, he still didn't rule all the lands ruled by the Achaemenid Empire at its height.

Thus Alexander should have ruled over a smaller percentage of the world's population than Darius I the Great.

This is true, large areas formerly controlled by Achaemenids couldn't be subjected by Macedonians, particularly in northern Anatolia and southern Caucasus to the Caspian Sea.
 

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