Entomology box

Feb 2020
2
Tatooine
What sort of information have you found so far?
I'm also doing Curator lol, my group is the draughting set from around the same time and place, maybe we can compare objects to see similarities between the designs.
 
Feb 2020
3
Prague, Czech Republic
Research Questions
  • How did the box get into the possession of German school?
The Nazi’s took over some palaces, and took possesions of many objects. The decided to turn one of the palaces (Roudnice) into an SS youth camp.
  • Would you find out the name of the training institution?

  • What does the abbreviation „Lehrm.–Inv. Verz. 13“ actually mean? Teaching aid.
  • Who could have used it and how? Children used the entomological box to learn about the life cycle of a praying mantis, overall biology.
  • What does the entomological box tell us about learning at the time?
  • How has the past style of learning impacted how we learn today?
  • What was the education system in Germany like before, during, and after the Nazi occupation?
  • How did Lobkowiczs gain possession of it?
  • What are and what do the stamps mean?
  • Who is the producer of this teaching aid? Simon Schropp (See biography below)
  • What are his dates?
  • When was the company active?
  • What else were they producing? globes, atlases, travel guides, literature, and cartography.
  • What category does the Box fall into? Science (Biology).
  • What is it? It’s an entomology box.
  • Which period in history is it from? We think it’s from around 1945 NAZI, Germany.
  • What is/are the material(s)? Length: 26.9 cm, Width: 19.3 cm, Height: 4.1 cm, Materials: Black possibly wood frame, glass. covering or a sheet to protect the things inside, Things inside: Fake grass + painting + flower, dead mantis (male and female).
  • What’s the Origin/provenance? We think it’s from Berlin, Germany.
  • Style? It’s informative.
  • Description.
Simon Schropp Biography
Simon Schropp, a Nuremberg merchant, founded the Simon Schropp & Comp company. His son Simon Schropp carried on the business after his father’s death. The company was based in Berlin on 23 Heiligegeiststrasse. The Wolff family booksellers in Augsburg and the Schropps were closely connected. Simon Schropp was married to Anna Justina Wolff. Sabrina Scrhopp, his sister, was married to Franz Xaver Wolff, a bookseller. Simon Scropp, a catholic, was the head of the St.Hedwig Church, for a time. He had a branch on Thomaskirchhof 95 in Leipzig, the headquarters of the German book trade. He published and sold a lot of books. He worked mostly on the art trade and maps but soon started selling Nuremberg and Leipzig globes as well. Between 1810 and 1813 he acquired the publishing rights to the globes of Christian Gottlieb Riedig (1768-1853), the Leipzig master. Soon after, he moved the center of globe production from Nuremberg to Berlin. After Simon Schropp’s death, his widow remained a partner in the company but 16-year-old son Leopold did not continue his business.

Requirements of the Introduction
  • What is it? It’s an entomology box.
  • Which period in history is it from? We think it’s from around 1945 NAZI, Germany.
  • What is/are the material(s)? Length: 26.9 cm, Width: 19.3 cm, Height: 4.1 cm, Materials: Black possibly wood frame, glass. covering or a sheet to protect the things inside, Things inside: Fake grass + painting + flower, dead mantis (male and female).
  • What’s the Origin/provenance? We think it’s from Berlin, Germany.
  • Style? It’s for information, we think.
  • Description. Our object is an Entomological box. This object was made or has been in Germany (Berlin) since the labels were written in German and the sticker on the top right corner says Berlin NW 7. Berlin NW 7 is a district in Berlin which is where the object was sold or made. The labels were meant for the understanding of each stage of the mantis’s growth. Also on the sticker, there was the word ‘Schropp’sche, which later we found out that Schropp’sche was actually a publisher that published the famous large berlin plan. He (or his company, Simon Schropp & Comp) also published many other things. According to (Löffler Andrea) Schropp’sche published and sold things like globes, atlases, travel guides, literature, and cartography. The box also had a stamp with an eagle and the swastika, which tells us more about the time it was used or built-in; which is the time around the beginning till the end of World War II (1930- 1950). During World War II the Nazis looted the Roudnice Lobkowicz Palace. According to the House of Lobkowicz “The Nazi troops occupied the Castle and confiscated its collections, using the building as an SS youth training camp”. Another clue we found on the box were the words ‘Lehrmittel Anstalt’, which means teaching aid, which is a device that helps students enhance their classroom instruction. This tells us that this object was used for students to learn about life cycles, specifically mantises. In World War II students in the SS youth camp might’ve been using this same box to educate themselves on a life cycle of a praying mantis, most likely used for teaching entomology


Yo fake science
From 1933-1945 the Nazis carried out a campaign to “cleanse” Germany of people who were potentially biologically threats to the country, arguing that this was to “improve the nation’s health.” (The United States Memorial Holocaust Museum) The Nazis viewed the Aryan race as the superiors and the Jews as dangerous to the nation. (Roots of Nazi Ideology) The Nazi’s ideas for their party were based heavily on similar ideas in the past. They used the ideas from the Prussian army (militant spirit), the French revolution (rationalism), and others to create the ultimate ideology. Hitler stressed that propaganda has to be understandable to the least intelligent. (Encyclopedia Britannica) They tried to get elected by gaining popularity with the public. Part of their popularity came from their SS Hitler Youth camps. The camps were similar to boy scouts which had been banned so that more children would join the Hitler Youth. The goal was to prepare children to fight in the war. In 1933, there were 50,000 children enrolled in youth camps. At the end of 1933, there were 2 million. The point of the camp was to make the children trust Hitler and become followers of him. They would be “remove them from their parent’s influence” Some of the members of Hitler Youth even reported that their parents were opposers of Hitler. (History)