evidences of literacy in South Asia from IVC to mauryan periods?

Mar 2019
some of the discoveries of scripts are as follows

  1. SR Rao's discovery of bhit dwarka script dating to 1520 BC
  2. Bihar seal containing written letters from 1100 BC or probably a grafiti sign?
  3. an anthropomorph copper plate with brahmi characters dated between 2nd mil BC - 1st mil BC probably containing early brahmi characters
  4. Annaicoddai seal
  5. a stone celt with indus writings discovered from tamil nadu dated to 2000-1500 BC or grafiti sign?
  6. discovery of Pushkarasani script from Gandhara indicating an earlier dating based on paleographic studies.
  7. Ancient inscriptions in rock art of Sindh | The Express Tribune how credible is this news?



here are remarks by Iravatham mahadevan

“…this sign occurs almost exclusively on the votive tablets and sealings, indicating that it is a ‘religious formula’ of some kind. It is significant that in the Late Harappan Period at Kalibangan, the basic ideogram for ‘deity’ begins to appear as large-sized graffiti on pottery suggestive of its use also as a religious symbol.
It is even more significant that the basic Indus ideogram for ‘deity’ survived as a religious symbol in the Post-Harappan Era and occurs in regions far removed from the Harappan homeland:
(a) The frequent 3-sign text mentioned earlier (but with Sign 47 in the lead) is engraved on a seal found in the excavations at Vaśālī, Bihar” [p. 463]”


Blast from the past: New language system of Gandhara civilisation discovered | The Express Tribune

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Mar 2019
that copper object does seem to show a very close affinity with brahmi as a matter of fact. if not for its heritage/copper hoard culture, one would never guess its anything other than a variant of brahmi. So far the scholars were doubting whether brahmi came from indus or not, but this artifact virtually proves its the case.

paleoraphic studies need to be conducted on the indus script and probably it maybe able to make matters more clear, i-e evolution of brahmi from indus.

Mar 2019
brahmi can be its own script group independent of any indus influence in the first place, the indus inlfuence seem to be more based on the idea that many of its symbols relate to the indus, but that is practically the case of indus with linear elamite as well, the wheel symbol of the indus even occurs in mycenean Linear B script.

relation with indus is suggested but in my opinion indus itself may have several independent families of scripts.

categorizing the tamil script, the orissa script as successor of brahmi itself seems far fetched, buddhist scriptures themselves list 64 scripts among only one of which is brahmi.

its astonishing why indus people or the ancient indians didn't bother to inscribe on stone and clay tablets, a practice which was so common through out the bronze age civilizations.
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Mar 2019
a book i was reading on the origins of brahmi states that the script at ashokan period had shown full maturity and development and the script was developed for writing sanskrit and developed specifically by its grammarians

The History And Palaeography Of Mauryan Brahmi Script : Upasak,chandrika Singh : Free Download, Borrow, and Streaming : Internet Archive


if this holds true then brahmi probably was a rare script used only by the sanskritic grammarians or the brahmins for inscribing sanskrit texts, used by panini etc and probably their use only became wide spread through buddhism and jainism or through nandas/mauryas.