Girls playing a game of Phugari in which participants hold hands & spin each other around perhaps while singing. As the spinning speeds up, one or the other will grow dizzy & have to give up. Both works of the 18th c. unknown artists. pics (L) Ashmolean & (R) NM
I asked my Namboodiri friends and they told me that their great-great grandmothers used to go totally topless. They even used to take bath in open. So 'nakedness' was also prevalent among brahmin women of Kerala.
i have read some very interesting texts from hinduism which asks female to cover their navel and be modest, married women were asked to observe ghunghat/veil, but i guess it was limited to certain period of time and place and not applied universally for every period of time.
the european traders/travellers have also not reported naked females form maldives and srilanka, its more surprising considering maldives in that period had already become muslim.
Horned god Nejamesa (or, Naigamesa) of the Indian sub-religion Kaumaram. Possibly from the Shugnu period (1st-2nd century B.C), or earlier.
The deity Naigamesa is apparently the same as Nejamesa mentioned in the Khilas of the Rig-Veda as a son-granting deity.
this is wife of jahangir, nur jahan, from contemporary period, her other depictions are infact later than that.
she is shown wearing muslin which exposes her breats, this is a contemporary painting which also questions a lot of assumptions of muslim modesty during islamic periods and also questions whether indian art was symbolic or realistic.