Excluding the USSR, where in the world were Communist parties the strongest before WWII?

Futurist

Ad Honoris
May 2014
22,239
SoCal
Excluding the USSR, where in the world were Communist parties the strongest before WWII? FTR, I mean immediately before WWII here--so, in 1938-1939. Thus, the failed Communist attempts to seize power in Hungary and Germany in 1918-1919 don't count for this. Rather, what I want to know is the strength of various Communist movements worldwide (excluding the USSR, of course--since the USSR is obvious) in 1938-1939--as in, on the eve of WWII.

Anyway, any thoughts on this?
 
Mar 2019
1,954
Kansas
Excluding the USSR, where in the world were Communist parties the strongest before WWII? FTR, I mean immediately before WWII here--so, in 1938-1939. Thus, the failed Communist attempts to seize power in Hungary and Germany in 1918-1919 don't count for this. Rather, what I want to know is the strength of various Communist movements worldwide (excluding the USSR, of course--since the USSR is obvious) in 1938-1939--as in, on the eve of WWII.

Anyway, any thoughts on this?
Mongolia
Germany
China
France.
Chile 1938
 

Futurist

Ad Honoris
May 2014
22,239
SoCal
Mongolia
Germany
China
France.
Chile 1938
I forgot about Mongolia; yeah, Mongolia definitely works for this. The German Communist leadership was arrested at the start of Hitler's rule IIRC but the underlying popular support for Communism might have still remained--albeit deep in the background, in secret. Also, I thought that China's Communist movement was weakened by the Long March in 1935? France did have a strong and vibrant Communist movement in the late 1930s, though--as evidenced by their alliance with Leon Blum in the form of the Popular Front between 1936 and 1938. I'll need to read up on Chile, though. I know about events in Chile in the 1970s but not in the 1930s. :(
 
Mar 2019
1,954
Kansas
I forgot about Mongolia; yeah, Mongolia definitely works for this. The German Communist leadership was arrested at the start of Hitler's rule IIRC but the underlying popular support for Communism might have still remained--albeit deep in the background, in secret. Also, I thought that China's Communist movement was weakened by the Long March in 1935? France did have a strong and vibrant Communist movement in the late 1930s, though--as evidenced by their alliance with Leon Blum in the form of the Popular Front between 1936 and 1938. I'll need to read up on Chile, though. I know about events in Chile in the 1970s but not in the 1930s. :(
Sorry I miss read your time frame. I thought we were talking about most of the interwar period. Germany, they were gone as a force by 1931. And yes, in China, things went to crap from the mid 30s.

Here is a quick primer on the Chilean communists.

Popular Front (Chile) - Wikipedia
 
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Futurist

Ad Honoris
May 2014
22,239
SoCal
Sorry I miss read your time frame. I thought we were talking about most of the interwar period. Germany, they were gone as a force by 1931. And yes, in China, things went to crap from the mid 30s.
Yeah, I meant the immediate period before WWII--as I explicitly stated here:

FTR, I mean immediately before WWII here--so, in 1938-1939. Thus, the failed Communist attempts to seize power in Hungary and Germany in 1918-1919 don't count for this. Rather, what I want to know is the strength of various Communist movements worldwide (excluding the USSR, of course--since the USSR is obvious) in 1938-1939--as in, on the eve of WWII.
Here is a quick primer on the Chilean communists.

Popular Front (Chile) - Wikipedia
Thanks! I'll make sure to read it! :)
 

Tulun

Ad Honorem
Nov 2010
3,877
Western Eurasia
By power position Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party and Tuvan People's Revolutionary Party, both ruling parties of formally independent Soviet puppet states (Mongolia and Tannu Tuva). In Europe the French Communist Party (recieving 15% in the 1936 elections and supporting the Popular Front gov) and the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (recieving around 10% in the 1935 elections). I don't know what was the state of the Spanish communists at this stage in 1938-39.
 
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Aug 2018
337
America
France, Spain and China are the most likely candidates. Other countries with a strong Communist presence were Guatemala and Argentina. They were unable to snatch direct power, but became influential in the Guatemalan revolution of 1944 and the Justicialist government of Argentina that came to power with Peron. I don't know what's the status of Communism in Mexico under the PRI, however. The PRI is strange in that while it espoused socialism, it was somewhat anti-Marxist from what I know, and many seem to consider it more centrist even during the Mexican revolution than left-wing.
 
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