Excluding the USSR, where in the world were Communist parties the strongest before WWII?

Futurist

Ad Honoris
May 2014
21,022
SoCal
#12
By power position Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party and Tuvan People's Revolutionary Party, both ruling parties of formally independent Soviet puppet states (Mongolia and Tannu Tuva). In Europe the French Communist Party (recieving 15% in the 1936 elections and supporting the Popular Front gov) and the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (recieving around 10% in the 1935 elections). I don't know what was the state of the Spanish communists at this stage in 1938-39.
Excellent examples! Did Communists gain a significant percentage of the vote anywhere else?
 

Maki

Ad Honorem
Jan 2017
3,392
Republika Srpska
#13
They got 12,4% of the vote in the 1920 Yugoslav elections and they also won the position of the mayor of Belgrade, the capital.
 
Likes: Futurist
Jun 2016
1,784
Russia
#15
I've read about strong Communist movement in Italy (at the same time with Mussolini there was lot of Communist guerillas), Greece, USA, Yugoslavia.
 

sparky

Ad Honorem
Jan 2017
4,798
Sydney
#16
Mexico had a strong communist party , Italy's was suppressed under the Fascist order but emerged very strong in 1944
 
May 2017
1,114
France
#17
No,the french PCF has never participated to the government of the "Front Populaire" in 1936,because he refuzed the "social democrat line".In 1945, his electoral scores were enormous (score 1936 x 4) for three reasons:
-their violent participation to the Resitance:murders of "collaborateurs",maquis with good combattants,executions of "collaborateurs" at the Liberation (50 % of the total).
-the victory of URSS.
-their complete opposition to the "Charte du Travail" of Vichy,which selected the jews and the not jews,the good patriots and the others etc....Their friend Jean Moulin substitued to this document the Charte Sociale,in relation with the syndicate CGT.
After the Liberation,the PCF-whose Jacques Chirac was member- accepted to enter in the government of the general de Gaulle,chief of the GPRF,because they had conclued an alliance in England;and de Gaulle had accepted a lot of big social reforms,defended by the Charte Sociale.
We know today that in 1968 the PCF and the CGT have passed a deal with the gaullists:
-end of the strikes,and social treaty of Grenelle.
-protection to de Gaulle, like in 1962.
-complete opposition to the ambitions of Mitterrand,because in 1940 the socialists had helped the marshall Pétain to take the power,and with the sad justice of Vichy to condamn de Gaulle and the communist leaders to the death.
 
May 2017
1,114
France
#18
The spanish PCE was a little organization in the university and in some industries,but it had no real implantation in the syndicates which were divided in two principal tendances:
-The CNT,of tendance anarco-syndiscalist and decentralizator (Catalonia,Aragon,Levant,Andalucia).
-The UGT,of socialist tendance.
But as France revoked unilateraly in 1936 the treaty of its monopole of selling weapons,in the purpose to satisfy Hitler and Mussolini,URSS sold a big quantity of weapons,and after the defensive victory of Madrid (november 1936) and the popularity of the International Brigades organized by the PC of all the world,the place of the PCE (only one deputy in 1935) became enormous (from 100 00 members to one million).In 1939,the leaders of the PCE passed in URSS,France and Mexico (assassination of Trotski) where they organized an exilated government and organizations of résistants ("agrupaciones de guerilleros").They revendik today 40 000 guerilleros (URSS and France),30 000 soldiers in the foreign legion and 10 000 KIA.
 
Likes: Frank81

AlpinLuke

Forum Staff
Oct 2011
26,843
Italy, Lago Maggiore
#19
Potentially also Italy ... the Communist Party left the Socialist one in early 20's, but to be Communist was illegal under Fascism, so that the party was clandestine and this means that we cannot evaluate its real popularity. Anyway in occasion of the first democratic elections after WWII the party, embedded in a leftist Democratic Front, with the Socialists, collected more than the 30% of the votes [this was the result of the Front].
 

Frank81

Ad Honorem
Feb 2010
5,071
Canary Islands-Spain
#20
No,the french PCF has never participated to the government of the "Front Populaire" in 1936,because he refuzed the "social democrat line".In 1945, his electoral scores were enormous (score 1936 x 4) for three reasons:
-their violent participation to the Resitance:murders of "collaborateurs",maquis with good combattants,executions of "collaborateurs" at the Liberation (50 % of the total).
-the victory of URSS.
-their complete opposition to the "Charte du Travail" of Vichy,which selected the jews and the not jews,the good patriots and the others etc....Their friend Jean Moulin substitued to this document the Charte Sociale,in relation with the syndicate CGT.
After the Liberation,the PCF-whose Jacques Chirac was member- accepted to enter in the government of the general de Gaulle,chief of the GPRF,because they had conclued an alliance in England;and de Gaulle had accepted a lot of big social reforms,defended by the Charte Sociale.
We know today that in 1968 the PCF and the CGT have passed a deal with the gaullists:
-end of the strikes,and social treaty of Grenelle.
-protection to de Gaulle, like in 1962.
-complete opposition to the ambitions of Mitterrand,because in 1940 the socialists had helped the marshall Pétain to take the power,and with the sad justice of Vichy to condamn de Gaulle and the communist leaders to the death.

The PCF was not into the Front Populaire, but it supported it with their deputies, if I'm correct

One striking characteristic of the French communist, in comparison to other western europeans parties, was its close relation to the PCUS. During the Stalinist era, all European communist followed Moscow closely, but the French went further away. During the start of WWII, they were strongly against the war effort, because Stalin decreed they should avoid entering the capitalist struggle (of course, this was in relation to Nazi-Soviet deal). The PCF didn't commit itself fully into the war until 22-06-1941, when Germany invaded the USSR

PCF commitment to Moscow dictactments was alive during the Hungarian (1956) and more remarkably Prague (1968) revolution, which didn't trigger the doubts that led to Eurocomunism in the 70's in other countries