Excluding the USSR, where in the world were Communist parties the strongest before WWII?

Sep 2016
1,215
Georgia
#31
Belgian Labour Party was also very strong.

It acquired 36 % of votes in 1919 general elections. Thanks to that, it formed the government with Catholic Party and enacted series of Social reforms.

In 1921 general elections it acquired 34 % of votes.

In 1925 general elections it acquired 40 % of votes.

In 1936 general elections it acquired 32 % of votes.
 
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martin76

Ad Honorem
Dec 2014
6,631
Spain
#32
@martin76: Did the Spanish Communists advocate in favor of ethnic federalization like the Soviet, Yugoslav, and Czechoslovak Communists did?
Well... it is hard to say. PCE between 1921 to 1939... wanted a proletariat dictatorship... similiar to Soviet Union... however.... PCE as PSOE were not federals in those years... maybe because they thought Federalism destroyed the 1st Republic in 1873-1874. In federalization.... PCE had a pasive behaviour....
they were officially supporters ... in practice they did nothing for federalization


PCE was fully controlled by Moscow.... Moscow changed the Central Comitte in the Party and Moscow controlled the politic lines of the Party... that was the main different with POUM (Partido Obrero de Unificación Marxista)... POUM was a Communist Party not controlled by Moscow. It was stablished by Andreu Nin...Andreu Nin spoke Russian (as good that he was simultaneous translator and also he translated the works of Chekhov into Spanish and catalan) and he lived in Russia between 1922 to 1930.
 
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May 2017
1,114
France
#34
Andres Nin,leader of the POUM,was assassinated in Alcala de Henares,the cavalry quarter,by a german group of the NKVD,carged of the security of the new tank s school,whose leader was the general Dimitri Pavlov,eliminated by Staline after his defeat at the beginning of the operation "Barbarossa".
 

martin76

Ad Honorem
Dec 2014
6,631
Spain
#35
And the other foto,just before the soviet of Carthagena:Ortega ? Barcelo ? Miaja,Hernandez,Lister ?
Yes Dupuy you are an excellent physiognomist. Photos are: Real Madrid (not named Real), a group of school children, Miaja-Barceló, the other photo is a group of sailors in battleship "Jaime I" and finally photo you well identified.

Nin was executed by a german group of NKVD in Alcalá de Henares.
 
May 2017
1,114
France
#36
Thank you very much dear compatriot.My spanish maternal gran father Feliciano Sanchez Garcia (1913-2012) oldest spanish officer of Nimes ( quarter of the 2d regiment of Foreign Legion) had passed in 1936 from the "batallon de los cazadores de Las Navas de Tolosa" of La Rache (Marroco) to the regiment of infantry of line "Wad Ras",employed in the sierra of Guadarrama.En february 1937,he engaged in the tank school of Alcala de Henares.He had all the informations by his friend Karl Fort,alias "Carlos Fiorio el mejicano",instructor in Alcala,member of the NKVD.In 1939,Fort passed in Oran and was in the quarter where was kept Cipriano Mera,leader of the IVth army corps,who rescued in march 1939 the general Casado in Madrid.
 
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Futurist

Ad Honoris
May 2014
21,022
SoCal
#37
Belgian Labour Party was also very strong.

It acquired 36 % of votes in 1919 general elections. Thanks to that, it formed the government with Catholic Party and enacted series of Social reforms.

In 1921 general elections it acquired 34 % of votes.

In 1925 general elections it acquired 40 % of votes.

In 1936 general elections it acquired 32 % of votes.
Was it Communist?

Well... it is hard to say. PCE between 1921 to 1939... wanted a proletariat dictatorship... similiar to Soviet Union... however.... PCE as PSOE were not federals in those years... maybe because they thought Federalism destroyed the 1st Republic in 1873-1874. In federalization.... PCE had a pasive behaviour....
they were officially supporters ... in practice they did nothing for federalization


PCE was fully controlled by Moscow.... Moscow changed the Central Comitte in the Party and Moscow controlled the politic lines of the Party... that was the main different with POUM (Partido Obrero de Unificación Marxista)... POUM was a Communist Party not controlled by Moscow. It was stablished by Andreu Nin...Andreu Nin spoke Russian (as good that he was simultaneous translator and also he translated the works of Chekhov into Spanish and catalan) and he lived in Russia between 1922 to 1930.
Interesting. I didn't realize that Spain in 1873-1874 was a federation. Of course, this federation wasn't actually based on ethnic lines like the Soviet federation was.
 

martin76

Ad Honorem
Dec 2014
6,631
Spain
#39
Was it Communist?


Interesting. I didn't realize that Spain in 1873-1874 was a federation. Of course, this federation wasn't actually based on ethnic lines like the Soviet federation was.
In Spain there are not ethnicities....not a ethnic base.... all people the same.... as Portugal (our brothers)... Federation was not base on ethinicities by in local interest.. that´s the reason because it was so different

Federal States according to the project of 1873 Constitution

 
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Futurist

Ad Honoris
May 2014
21,022
SoCal
#40
In Spain there are not ethnicities....not a ethnic base.... all people the same.... as Portugal (our brothers)... Federation was not base on ethinicities by in local interest.. that´s the reason because it was so different

Federal States according to the project of 1873 Constitution

Interesting--though for what it's worth, the Catalans and Basques could certainly be described as ethnic groups and both of them have their own federal unit on this map.