Greek influence on Arabic

Jul 2017
842
Crete
#1
Greek philosophy had a huge impact on Arabic and the Golden age of Islam
and studying Arabic, they are many Greek loanwords.

-Greek/Arabic cognates-
قلم (Qalam) - κάλαμος (Kalamos) "Pen"
موسيقى (Musiqaa) - μουσικός (Mousikos) "Music"
قلب (Qalb ) - κόλπος (Kolpos) "Heart"
ليث (layṯ) - λίς / λιτά (Lita/Lis) "Lion" Homeric
كعبة (Kaba) - κύβος ( Kybos) "Cube"
كحول (kahul) - ἧ χολή "Alcohol"
نار ( Nar) - πῦρ (Pyr) "Fire"
ماء (Maan) - νύμφη (Nymph) "Water"
عظم (eazam) - ὀστέον (Osteon) "bone"
كبد (Kabad) - ἥπατος (Hpatos) "Liver"
كرمة (Karima) -κρεμᾷ (Krema) "Hanging Vines"
عربي (earabiin) - ἐρημοῦν (Erhmoun) "desolate, desert"
عبد‎ (Abd ) - ὀπηδός (Ophdos) "servant"
 
Last edited:
May 2017
1,201
Syria
#2
Good job!

Although just a question, after the Arabic word, do you intend for the word after it in brackets to be its Romanization or its pronunciation? It's essential not confuse those. Anyways, good luck with your studies, I'm sure you'll find Arabic a fascinating language.
 
Last edited:
Jul 2017
842
Crete
#3
Good job!

Although just a question, after the Arabic word, do you intend for the word after it in brackets to be its Romanization or its pronunciation? It's essential not confuse those. Anyways, good luck with your studies, I'm sure you'll find Arabic a fascinating language.
I could use the root forms of the word, ق ل م‎ ( Q-L-M) and
the Greek word is κάλαμος ( κ-λ-μ ).

The root mean means 'Reed' and used for making pens and measuring
tools, another word for Reed, is ק נ ה (Q-N-E ) and the cognate
is κάνη (K-N-E) and traced too Akkadian 𒄀 (qanû, “reed”)
and Sumerian 𒄀𒈾 (gi.na).

This word cognates قانون/ κανών "reed used for measuring"
and figuratively , Canon and Law.
 
Jul 2017
842
Crete
#4
علف (ealf) "Hay"
ألف ( alf) "Thousand"

Have you notice how similar these words are, it's like
the phrase, "Needle in a Haystack" and compare these
words too Greek.

χιλός ( Chilos) "Hay"
χιλιάς (Chilias) "Thousand"

Psalm 50:10
Cattle upon a thousand hills.
* upon hills of hay
* אלף/ألف/علف


It is fairly common for Hebrew to omit the initial letter of Greek
words and thus χιλοῦ > χιλοϝ > ιλϝ/אלף/ألف and cognate with Kilo-/Mili-
 
Jul 2017
842
Crete
#5
Too protect the sanctity of the Torah, Biblical scholars have deliberately
isolated Arabic, Aramaic, Hebrew from Latin, Greek , Persian and Hittite.

أنا (ana)
𒀀𒈾𒆪 (anāku )
אנכי ( ANKI)
ἐγώ (Ego)


αὐτὸν - His *בית ו οἶκος αὑτὸς ( His House)
αὐτὴν - Her * בית ה οἶκος αὑτῆς ( Her House)

ϝικ-ὑ ( ביתו)
ϝικ-ῆ (ביתה)

In the Torah, αὑτὸ/αὑτῆ do appear in full form.

אתו (ATU) - αὑτὸ (Gen 35:9)
אתה (ATE) - αὑτῆ ( Gen 24:47)

In Greek, αὐτῷ means "To Him" in Hebrew, this is לאתו (LATU) or לו (LU) and in Arabic, له (Lah)
and the plural form is לאמ (LAM) "people/men" and the Greek cognate is then λεῶν/λέον "People/Men".


נו(Nu) "place, resting place, habitation, abode"
νομός/νέμω "Place, habitation"
نام (NWM) "Resting place"
לוֹן/λαόν 'the habitation' .

Lebanon
لبنان
לבנון
λίβανῶν

The ending of this word, -ῶν, -ון , this is לוֹן/λαόν and cognate
with the English word "Land" and thus لبنان is Laban Land .

كل - ὅλοξ "All"
روح -ῥύη "Blow!

The Arabic word, نهر is cognate with the word River from L'Ver (לוהר, לנוהר ) and the root is ϝορ that derive ϝὁρία "Boundary" and הר/ὀρός "Mountain" .

Από ὀρός "from mountain" (rivers are from mountains)
> מהר/נהר/نهر

הר - Mountain
נהר/מהר - From Mountain

Haram (حَرَام‎ ) "devote/consecrated"
- ἱέρωμα (Ieroma) "consecrated object"
- יחרם / חרם
Greek Word Study Tool


Nabi (نبي )
- ἀναβοάω > νβά/נָבָא
- προβοάω (pro-phet)

Most Arabic/Hebrew words that start with N/M are compound words.
 
Jul 2017
842
Crete
#6
Lebanon is the place between the Anti-Lebanon and Lebanon mountains
and thus i am sure if 'Lebanon' is named for the Snow covered mountains
or from κόλπον (Bosom) related too κοῖλος "Hollow" , as in Coele-Syria.

κολπονων > κλπνων > λπνων > לבנון

-Tongue-
γλῶσσαν (Glossan)
لسان (Lisan)
לשנ (LSN)
 
Jul 2017
842
Crete
#7
The English adverb Yet/After is cognate with the Arabic بعد (baʿd)
and بعد in Greek is μεθ.

Jeremiah 13:6
And Came after many days
καὶ ἐγένετο μεθ ἡμέρας πολλὰς
ו יהי מקץ ימים רבים

The Hebrew word is מקץ (MQT) (μεθ), when you detach the M
you get קץ (Qet) "Yet" or ἐθ.

μεθ = מקץ/بعد
ἐθ = קץ/ ح د/حد
- cognates : End, Yet, And, Et, Kai

קץ Qat > Qai > Kai (καὶ) "and"
 
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Jul 2017
842
Crete
#8
The Arabic word for Love, is حب (HB)

אהבה "Ahabah"
עגבה "Agabah"
αγαπη "Agapah" "Love"
αγαμαι "Agamai" "Admired person"

-Loved Ones-
אח (Aka) "Brother"
אחת (Akath) "Sister"
אב ( Abi) "Father"
אם (Am) "Mother"

The very first name mention in Homer's Lliad is Ἀχιλῆος
and noticed Ἀχι- is the Septuagint transliteration of אחי

Ahitub - Αχιτωβ
Ahimelech - Αχιμελεχ
Ahiman - Αχιμα
Ahiah - Αχια

Spartan naming convention.

Ἀχι λῆος > אחי לאמ "lover of men"
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Achilles_and_Patroclus

Achilles
 
Jul 2017
842
Crete
#9
The Arabic word for Mountain , ج ب ل‎ (jbl), same as ג ב ל (gbl)
and this the name of Byblos, ב ב ל (bbl) .

The cognate is ἀφορίζω (aphoria) "boundary"
* Ephor > Gephor/Gebol (גבל- בבל - עבל - עבר)

جليد (Jalid) "Ice" - χάλαζα
ظل ( Zil ) "Shadow" - ξυλον
شجرة (Lahab) "Flame" - λαμπάς
تل ( Tal) "Hill" - κολωνός
نفس (nafusa) "Breath/Spirit" - ἀναψυχή
ر ء س‎ ( Ras) "Head" - κράς
جمل ( Jamal) "Camel" - κάμηλος (μέγας μηλος) "Big Sheep"
برق ( Bariq) "Lightning" - βόστρυχος, φλόξ
ملك (malik) "King" - ἄνα ἀρχός
حمد (hamad) "pleasant, emotions - θύμος
 
Jul 2017
842
Crete
#10
The Arabic word for Milk is حليب ( HALIB)

γάλα ( Gala)
γάλακτος ( Galaktos)

The word γαυλός (Gaulos) means Milk Pail and a Round Punic vessel
and חֹבֵל (chobel) means "Sailor"

Ezekiel 27:8
Tyre, that were in thee, were thy pilots (חבל)

The word Pilots is HBL and the Septuagint word
is κυβερνῆταί (Kuber Naut) or חבל אני.

Tyre (τύρος) "Cheese"
الألبان (al'alban) "Dairy"

The Arabic word for Cheese, جبن (JBN ) or גבנ (GBN) is cognate with πύον ( Puon) "Milk"
and there seem to be a connection with dairying and Phoenicians, because Europa
in Greek mythology is depicted with a white-dairy cow.

Why is Europe named after Europa , a Phoenician woman and i do wonder
if she alludes to Queen Dido, founder and first Queen of Carthage.
 

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