Guarani Language of Paraguay

Shaheen

Ad Honorem
May 2011
2,564
Sweden
I recently found out that unlike the rest of the South American countries who have Spanish or Portuguese as their national languages, Paraguay has a native American language called Guarani as their national language.

My question is how was Paraguay despite being a former Spanish colony able to maintain its pre European language whilst all of its neighbours adopted either Spanish or Portuguese as their national language?
 
May 2010
2,964
Rhondda
Power of the Jesuits, I believe, subject to correction. I can remember, way back, some very fine records in Guarani by, I think, Los Paraguayos.
 

Tairusiano

Ad Honorem
Jun 2012
2,975
Brazil
The spanish that ventured in the lands of atual paraguay are mens in the great majority that, had sons with the native americans womans of the region this mestizo population (Father spanish and mother"indian") spoke the language of the mother (guarani ) but had the custom of his fathers spanish.
The Jesuits had some influence in the protecting the use of Guarani language
and by most of his history paraguay was much less populated by the europeans in relation to the other colonies .



a similar process happened in Brazil the called Lingua Geral (general laguage)a Tupi language, the mestizos sons spoke the language of the mother(tupi) but had the custom os the portuguese fathers, in reality the Brasil dont had two languages like paraguay because marques de Pombal
banned the use of tupi language but today in the amazon region the Ligua Geral is still used.
another point the spanish and portuguese was imposed by orders of the portuguese and spanish crowns in the paraguay this
order are not was not carried by because of the Jesuit influence
 
Last edited:
Aug 2012
626
Guarani and Spanish are co-official in Paraguay. Jesuits consider it a beautiful language on par with some european languages. Jesuits put letter to the Guarani language. Spanish clergy also put letters to the Chamorro language of the Marianna islands in the Pacific.

This short video on Guarani in Paraguay

[ame="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5hF41v8GKr4"]Race and Racism: Paraguay's linguistic equality - 28 July 08 - YouTube[/ame]
 
Apr 2012
44
Brazil
I recently found out that unlike the rest of the South American countries who have Spanish or Portuguese as their national languages, Paraguay has a native American language called Guarani as their national language.

My question is how was Paraguay despite being a former Spanish colony able to maintain its pre European language whilst all of its neighbours adopted either Spanish or Portuguese as their national language?
There is an explanation for that and two reasons I'm able to give you:

1) Francisco Solano López
2) Paraguayan War (also known as War of the Triple Alliance)

You see, Hispanic-American nations such as Mexico, Peru, Bolívia and others still have a large share of their population who speak the language of the people before the arrival of the Spanish. Millions still speak Mayan and other Native languages in Mexico, for example.

But what about Paraguay?

From its independence in 1811 until 1870 Paraguay was a very, very isolated nation. The same as North Korea is nowadays. This was a policy of state, ordered by the Paraguayan dictators: Francia, the elder López and his son Francisco Solano López.

When the elder López became dictator in 1840 he allowed a few foreigners to enter Paraguay (no one from outside could do that before 1840). But they were no more than a few merchants, diplomats, engineers or military officers. This means that there were no Spanish immigrants like in Argentina that could boost the number of people speaking Spanish.

A minority of the population of Paraguay was of Spanish ancestry, and thus white. I know that Hollywood films like to place mestizo (people with mixed Spanish-Indian blood) actors as Spaniards this giving the wrong idea that the latter have a tanned kind of skin color. Charlie Sheen (born Carlos Estévez) is a white of Spanish ancestry. Danny Trejo is a mestizo.

Most of the Paraguayans were either mestizos or pure-Guaraní. They spoke Guaraní, some also Spanish.

When Francisco Solano López had the stupid idea of beginning the Paraguayan War, things went pretty bad. The white population was decimated in the war or executed by him (López was a light mestizo). The mestizo and pure-Guaraní population was also hit hard, but enough survived to repopulated the country.

With a few individuals speaking Spanish, and at least 300,000 survivors speaking Guaraní, it's not a surprise that the latter became the widely spoken language until the present.
 
Aug 2012
626
When Francisco Solano López had the stupid idea of beginning the Paraguayan War, things went pretty bad..
Solano might have been very high strung and maybe should have thought things out better when it came to going to war but he was reacting to what he saw was happening in Uruguay which to him must have seen has a future threat in the making for Paraguay.

They say the Spanish Civil war and all the nations that were involved was a prelude to WW II. The Uruguayan Civil war (remember the massacre of Paysandu) and all the nations that were involved was a prelude to the War of the Triple alliance (Paraguayan War) and the destruction of the Paraguay nation and people.
 

Shaheen

Ad Honorem
May 2011
2,564
Sweden
So how were the Jesuits able to have such influence in Paraguay unlike say Argentina or Bolivia?

Also if you know it, then could you guys pleasre share more info on how Paraguay got independence from Spain since the wiki article (the number one stop in such matters lol) on Paraguay is not very informative.

Btw Thanks for the answers everyone and for the video Epix :)
 
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Apr 2012
44
Brazil
Solano might have been very high strung and maybe should have thought things out better when it came to going to war but he was reacting to what he saw was happening in Uruguay which to him must have seen has a future threat in the making for Paraguay.

They say the Spanish Civil war and all the nations that were involved was a prelude to WW II. The Uruguayan Civil war (remember the massacre of Paysandu) and all the nations that were involved was a prelude to the War of the Triple alliance (Paraguayan War) and the destruction of the Paraguay nation and people.
Uh... no. The Uruguayan Civil War began in 1863. López was planning a war with Brazil since at least 1962. The last thing Brazil wanted was to wage war against Paraguay.
 

Tairusiano

Ad Honorem
Jun 2012
2,975
Brazil
Shaheen:So how were the Jesuits able to have such influence in Paraguay unlike say Argentina or Bolivia?

Also if you know it, then could you guys pleasre share more info on how Paraguay got independence from Spain since the wiki article (the number one stop in such matters lol) on Paraguay is not very informative.

Btw Thanks for the answers everyone and for the video Epix :)
the Jesuits had a great influence only in paraguay a little part of argentine and the south of Brazil.
in Brazil the jesuits even build a theocratic country the Guarani Nation, but they are massacred by the spanish and Portuguese forces his traces are erased with blood in actual brazil, in argentine the jesuits dont had to much influence.
the jesuist after a time are evicted from paraguay too by order of the spanish king.

The history of independece of Paraguay.

In May 1810, Buenos Aires rejected replacing the Spanish sovereign by Napoleon Bonaparte, actually breaking with the administration of Spain. Under the rule of the bourgeoisie of the great commercial port, the new revolutionary junta was organized in any way to extend its authority over the provinces of the old Viceroyalty of La Plata - the current Uruguay, Paraguay and Bolivia. When the Paraguayan province declared itself in favor of realism( in favor of staying with loyal to Spain), the Junta in Buenos Aires sent military expedition to submit it, hopelessly defeated in March 1811

At the time, Paraguay was dominated by four socio-political factions. The espanholista party opposed the Junta in Buenos Aires and was in favor of the Regency Council and the dependence Spanish metropolis. It consisted mainly of officials, merchants and landowners who depended on the Spanish metropolis to maintain their privileges. The faction portenhista, formed mainly by traders linked to trade with large port, favored the maintenance of Paraguay as a province of Buenos Aires .

The Creole party of patriots autonomists, was composed by families of settlers owning land dedicated to agriculture and especially grazing. He was opposed to Spanish rule and Buenos Aires and was in favor of independence or confederation, in which Paraguay kept real autonomy. The Creoles wanted to emancipate itself from the heavy taxes of the plate region, but feared to break completely with Buenos Aires.

Buenos Aires sent against the rebel province Manuel Belgrano and a small Liberation Army of a thousand and one hundred men. The commander was a fine politician improvised without military experience. In fact, the revolutionaries did not believe in Paraguayan bellicosity. They also expect strong adherence to liberal troops by the Creoles owners of the province. However, since long, the latter suffered heavy taxation on its products from the city of Buenos Aires who enjoyed monopoly rights on the import-export Paraguayan products.

The expedition crossed the borders of Buenos Aires province without knowing adhesions promised, while his soldiers deserted. What forced to acknowledge that Manuel Belgrano, received as conqueror only to "force bullets" would impose itself on the "wild Paraguayans." Orders received by Belgrano from Buenos Aires were clear and tough: "[...]The province of paraguay must submit to the United Provinces" Accompanied the expedition a few native Paraguayans.

After winning a little battle against
Paraguayan resistance on December 19, 1810, at the battle of Campichuelo, crossing the Paraná river, the expedition faced the Spanish governor Bernardo de Velasco, in command of the forces in the province, on January 19, 1811, in battle of Paraguarí, near the village of the same name, formed around former Jesuit college, just over a hundred kilometers from the capital.

With a army of 6 thousand soldiers the paraguayans most from the cioule party defeated the Buenos Aires expedition.

After the failure, Manuel Belgrano Tacuarí retreated to the river, where, on March 9, 1911, after a final battle, surrendered before the troops Paraguayan realistic. The battle was more bloody, with fourteen dead Paraguayans and a number of Argentines certainly superior. Before leaving the province, Belgrano proclaimed the advantages of union with Buenos Aires, in a regime of free trade. During his stay in Paraguay, close correspondence exchanged with the officers and patriots Paraguayans, after fighting Tacuarí literally surrendered to the troops of the province. However, surprised, received honorable armistice proposal, sent by Manuel Atanasio Cabañas, big tobacco planter, very interested in the end of the colonial monopoly of exports by product and Buenos Aires.

the war against the Buenos Aires had a great impact in the paraguayan population the spanish governor recruted a great number of paraguayans by force and after the war dismobilized the army without paying anyone
José Gaspar de Francia a famous doctor and member of the Crioule party
taking advantage of the demobilization of the army and the suport of the soldiers, declared independece from spain and Buenos Aires by that time the Spain and Buenos Aires had no means to prevent it.
 
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Jul 2012
666
The Paraguayan soccer team speaks between themselves in Guaraní so no team in the world (which is not from their country), get what they are scheming and so they can set the game tactics and strategy openly when in middle of the game. Their language benefits them, though when a Brazilian team faces another from the rest of America the players don't understand much neither anyways (in most of cases).