Heirs of the first European kingdom that ruled part of the Americas

MAGolding

Ad Honorem
Aug 2015
2,466
Chalfont, Pennsylvania
#1
Obviously the first European kingdom that ruled part of the Americas must have been Castile under Queen Isabella I who reigned from 1474 to 1504 and so ruled the first Spanish colonies in the Caribbean.

Or was it? It is a matter of definition.

Western Iceland is on the North American Plate, and so could be considered to be part of North America. All of the great island of Greenland is on the North American Plate and so could be considered part of North America. In fact, Greenland is often considered part of North America. North America - Wikipedia

Though physiographically a part of the continent of North America, Greenland has been politically and culturally associated with Europe (specifically Norway and Denmark, the colonial powers, as well as the nearby island of Iceland) for more than a millennium.[9]
Greenland - Wikipedia

Greenland (about 80% ice covered) is the world's largest (non-continent) island, and it dominates the North Atlantic Ocean between North America and Europe It is geographically considered part of the North American continent.
Greenland Map, Map of Greenland, Flags and Geography of Greenland - Worldatlas.com

According to Norse legends, Celtic monks lived on Iceland before the first Norse arrived. Naddod from the Faroeish Island supposedly was the first Norseman to discover Iceland about 800. Gardar Svavarsson reached Iceland in 870, and one of his men, Nattfari, may nave settled with a slave and a woman on Iceland. Ingolfr Arnarson from Norway lead the first settlement in Iceland in 874, and many Norsemen followed. By 930 the Commonwealth of Iceland was founded.

Gunnbjorn Ulfsson sighted Greenland about 900, and Snaebjorn Galti made an unsuccessful attempt to colonize Greenland in 978. Erik the Red explored Greenland in 982-85 and began the successful Norse colony in Greenland in 985. Erik's son Leif Eriksson lead exploring and colonizing expeditions to lands southwest of Greenland including Vinland, believed to have been in Newfoundland, about 1000 AD.

It is likely that a few of those early discoverers and colonizers of Iceland, Greenland, and Vinland have descendants traced down to the present, so that if someone in the hypothetical future wanted to select a royal family of Iceland, of Greenland, or of Vinland, descendants of some of the early Norse colonizers would be potential candidates. But I am not an expert on Icelandic genealogy.

King Haakon IV of Norway negotiated agreements in 1262-1264 that made Iceland and Greenland acknowledge his sovereignty, thus becoming the first European king to rule in parts of the Americas.

1. King Haakon IV Haakonsson (1204-1263) illegitimate son of Haakon III, was king of Norway 1217-1263, ruler of Iceland and Greenland from 1262. NORWAY KINGS Father of:

2. King Magnus IV Lawmender (1238-1280), son of # 1. Co king 1253, King of Norway 1263-1280, NORWAY KINGS Father of:

3. King Eric II (1268-1299) joint king 1273, King 1280-1299. Father of:

4. Ingeborg Eriksdatter (1297-after 1353). She married Duke Valdemar Magnussson and had a child Erik Valdemarsson who was born in 1316 and died young. SWEDEN KINGS Cousin of:

5. Ingeborg Haakonsdatter (1301-after 1360). Legitimate daughter of King Haakon V (1270-1319), younger son of Magnus IV. SWEDEN KINGS Married Duke Erik Magnusson, and was the mother of:

6. King Magnus (1316-1374) V of Norway 1319-1344 and II of Sweden 1319-1363, father of Erik Magnusson (1339?-1359), the father of of a son born & died 1359. King Magnus V's younger son:

7.) King Haakon Magnusson (1340-1380). King Haakon VI of Norway (1344-1380) and King Haakon I of Sweden 1362-1363. The father of:

8. King Olaf (1370-1387) II of Denmark 1376-1387 and IV of Norway 1380-1387. Unmarried. Cousin of:

9. King Albrecht (1340?-1412) of Sweden from 1364-1389, Duke Albrecht III of Mecklenburg. Son of Lord Albrecht II of Mecklenburg (1318?-1379), promoted to Duke Albrecht I of Mecklenburg in 1348, and his wife Euphemia Eriksdatter (1317?-1363/70), sister of 7) King Magnus (1316-1374) V of Norway 1319-1344 and II of Sweden 1319-1363. MECKLENBURG King Albrecht was the father of:

10. Duke Albrecht V of Mecklenburg (died 1423) Unmarried. Uncle of:

11. Elizabeth of Luxembourg (1390-1451), Duchess of Luxembourg. LUXEMBOURG Daughter of Johann Margrave of Brandenburg and Duke of Gorlitz and his wife Ricardis (died after 1400), half sister of number 10 Duke Albrecht V of Mecklenburg. Married twice but had no surviving children. Cousin of:

12. Duke Henry IV (d. 1477) of Mecklenburg. MECKLENBURG Younger brother of Magnus of Mecklenburg (d. 1408), who had no surviving children, son of Duke Johann IV of Mecklenburg (died 1422), son of Duke Magnus I of Mecklenburg (died 1385), younger brother of Duke Henry of Mecklenburg whose last surviving descendant King Erik died in 1459 POMERANIA. Duke Magnus & Duke Henry were brothers of number 10 King Albrecht of Sweden. Duke Henry IV (d. 1477) was teh father of:

13. Duke Albrecht VI of Mecklenburg (1438-1483) childless. MECKLENBURG Brother of:

14. Duke Magnus II of Mecklenburg (1441-1503) MECKLENBURG Father of:

15. Duke Henry V of Mecklenburg (1479-1552) father of:

16. Philip (1514-1557) Childless. And here there is a division between the heir by male preference primogeniture and the heir by agnatic primogeniture. By male preference primogeniture the line is:

Sophie (1508-1541), sister of Philip and daughter of Henry V. MECKLENBURG Married Duke Ernest of Brunswick Luneburg (1497-1546). Their third son:

17. Henry (1533-1598) became Duke of Brunswick Dannenberg. BRUNSWICK Father of:

18. Julius Ernest (1571 -1636) BRUNSWICK Father of only surviving child:

19. Maria Katerina (1616-1665) who married Duke Adolph Frederick of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1588-1658) as his second wife. MECKLENBURG Their oldest son:

20. Frederick (1638-88) MECKLENBURG was the father of:

21. Frederick William (1675-1715) had no legitimate children. His next oldest brother:

22. Duke Karl Leopold (1678-1747) had a daughter Elizabeth/Anna (1718-1746) who married Duke Anthony Ulrich of Brunswick was and the mother of:

23. Tsar Ivan IV (1740-1764) BRUNSWICK Tsar who reigned 1740-1740. Childless. Brother of:

24. Peter (1745-1798) Childless and was the brother of:

25. Catherine (1741-1807) Childless. Cousin of:

26. Grand Duke Fredrick Franz of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1756-1837), son of of Duke Ludwig (1725-1778), son of Duke Christian Ludwig (1683-1756), younger brother of number 22. Duke Karl Leopold (1678-1747). MECKLENBURG Grand Duke Fredrick Franz was grandfather of:

27. Grand Duke Paul Frederick (1800-1842), son of Frederick Ludwig (1778-1819) son of # 26. Mecklenburg Father of:

28. Grand Duke Frederick Franz II (1823-1883). Father of:

29. Grand Duke Frederick Franz III (1851-1897). Father of:

30. Grand Duke Frederick Franz IV (1882-1945). Father of:

31. Frederick Franz (1910-2001) who was childless. His brother brother Christian Louis (1912-1996) was the father of:

32. Donata (born 1956) Older daughter. Married 1987 Alexander von Solodkoff and has children. Mecklenburg Donata the heir by male preference primogeniture of King Haakon IV of Norway, first Europeanmonarch to rule Iceland and Greenland.

However, the succession law used by the dukes and later grand dukes of Mecklenburg was agnatic (male only) succession. Who would be the heirs by agnatic succession of the Mecklenburg claim to be the heir of King Haakon IV of Norway? That will be covered in the next post.
 
Last edited:

MAGolding

Ad Honorem
Aug 2015
2,466
Chalfont, Pennsylvania
#2
In post number one above, I pointed out that part of Iceland is on the North American Plate, and all of Greenland is considered to be geographically part of North America. So there are strong grounds for considering that King Haakon IV of Norway became the first European monarch to rule part of the Americas when he added Iceland and Greenland to his realms in 1262, 230 years before Columbus claimed some American islands for Queen Isabella of Castile, and left a few of her subjects as settlers on the American island of Hispaniola.

In case anyone ever wants to choose a monarch for Iceland, and/or Greenland, and/or Newfoundland, and if there are no traceable descendants of early Norse explorers and settlers of those regions tochoose as king, the heir of a king who was the overlord of Iceland and Greenland would be an obvious choice. So in post number one I traced the heirs of king Haakon IV by the most common European inheritance rule, male preference primogeniture, in which the throne preferably passes from father to son but can pass to adughter if a man doesn't have any sons. The second most common inheritance rule is agnatic succession, it which a throne passes only through and to males, until a family dies out completely in the male line. So in this post I trace the agnatic (male only) heirs of King Haakon IV of Norway.

1. King Haakon IV Haakonsson (1204-1263) illegitimate son of Haakon III, was king of Norway 1217-1263, ruler of Iceland and Greenland from 1262. NORWAY KINGS Father of:

2. King Magnus IV Lawmender (1238-1280), son of # 1. Co king 1253, King of Norway 1263-1280, NORWAY KINGS Father of:

3. King Eric II (1268-1299) joint king 1273, King 1280-1299. Father of:

4. King Haakon V of Norway (1270-1319), younger brother of Erik II and younger son of Magnus IV. Last agnatic descendant of King Haakon IV. Grandfather of:

5. King Magnus (1316-1374) V of Norway 1319-1344 and II of Sweden 1319-1363. Son of Duke Erik Magnusson of Sweden and Ingeborg Haakonsdatter (1301-after 1360), the daughter of # 4 King Haakon V. SWEDEN KINGS Magnus was the father of Erik Magnusson (1339?-1359), the father of of a son born & died 1359. Father of:

6. King Haakon Magnusson (1340-1380). King Haakon VI of Norway (1344-1380) and King Haakon I of Sweden 1362-1363. Younger son of King Magus V & II.The father of:

7. King Olaf (1370-1387) II of Denmark 1376-1387 and IV of Norway 1380-1387. Unmarried. The last agnatic descendant of # 5 King Magnus V & II. Cousin of:

8. King Albrecht (1340?-1412) of Sweden from 1364-1389, Duke Albrecht III of Mecklenburg. Son of Lord Albrecht II of Mecklenburg (1318?-1379), promoted to Duke Albrecht I of Mecklenburg in 1348, and his wife Euphemia Eriksdatter (1317?-1363/70), sister of # 5 King Magnus (1316-1374) V of Norway 1319-1344 and II of Sweden 1319-1363. MECKLENBURG King Albrecht was the father of:

9. Duke Albrecht V of Mecklenburg (died 1423) Unmarried. Cousin of:

10. Duke Henry IV (d. 1477) of Mecklenburg. MECKLENBURG Younger brother of Magnus of Mecklenburg (d. 1408), who had no surviving children, son of Duke Johann IV of Mecklenburg (died 1422), son of Duke Magnus I of Mecklenburg (died 1385), younger brother of Duke Henry of Mecklenburg whose agantic surviving descendants died out in 1387/88. Duke Magnus & Duke Henry were brothers of number 8 King Albrecht of Sweden. Duke Henry IV (d. 1477) was the father of:

11. Duke Albrecht VI of Mecklenburg (1438-1483) childless. MECKLENBURG Brother of:

12. Duke Magnus II of Mecklenburg (1441-1503) MECKLENBURG Father of:

13. Duke Henry V of Mecklenburg (1479-1552) father of:

14. Philip (1514-1557) Childless. Cousin of:

15. Duke Johann Albrecht I of Mecklenburg-Gustrow (1525-1576) MECKLENBURG son of Duke Albrecht VI (1488-1547), brother of # 13 Duke Henry V of Mecklenburg MECKLENBURG Father of:

16. Johann VII of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1558-1589) father of:

17. Duke Adolf Frederick I of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1588-1658) MECKLENBURG whose second wife was # 19 Maria Katerina (1616-1665) in post number one. Father of:

18. Duke Christian Ludwig of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1623-1692) Childless. Half Uncle of:

19. Duke Frederick William of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1675-1713), son of Duke Frederick I of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1638-1688) MECKLENBURG . No legitimate children. Brother of:

20. Duke Karl Leopold of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1678-1747) who had a daughter but no sons. Brother of:

21. Duke Christian Ludwig of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1683-1756) MECKLENBURG Father of:

22. Duke Frederick of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1718-1775) Childless. Uncle of:

23. Grand duke Fredrick Franz of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1756-1837). Son of Duke Ludwig of Mecklengburg-Schwerin (1725-1778), younger brother of # 22. MECKLENBURG Grandfather of:

24. Grand Duke Paul Frederick (1800-1842) son of Frederick Ludwig (1778-1819) the son of # 23. Mecklenburg Father of:

25. Grand Duke Frederick Franz II (1823-1883). was the father of:

26. Grand Duke Frederick Franz III (1851-1897) Was the father of:

27. Grand Duke Frederick Franz IV (1882-1945) was the father of:.

28. Frederick Franz (1910-2001) who was childless, and was the brother of Christian Louis (1912-1996) who had daughters but no sons. Mecklenburg He was the last agnatic member of the dynasty of Mecklenburg-Schwerin .

31. Borwin, heir of the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (b. 1956). Genealogy – House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz - Genealogy – House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz Son of George Alexander (1921-96), son of Georg (1899-1963), son of George Alexander (1859-1909) son of George August (1824-76), younger son of Grand Duke George of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1779-1860), Genealogy – House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz - Genealogy – House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz son of Grand Duke Karl II Ludwig (1741-1816) MECKLENBURG , younger brother of childless Duke Adolf Frederick IV of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1738-1794), son of Karl Ludwig (1708-1752), younger brother of childless Duke Adolf Frederick III of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1686-1752), son of Duke Adolf Frederick II (1658-1708), 1st duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, the youngest son of # 17 Duke Adolf Frederick I of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1588-1658) and his second wife # 19 Maria Katerina (1616-1665) of Brunswick Dannenberg. MECKLENBURG - Mecklenburg - Genealogy – House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

Borwin is the father of Georg (b. 1991).

The heirs of European monarchs who ruled Iceland and Greenland in North America after the death of King Olaf (1370-1387) II of Denmark 1376-1387 and IV of Norway 1380-1387 will be covered in a later post.
 

MAGolding

Ad Honorem
Aug 2015
2,466
Chalfont, Pennsylvania
#3
In post number one above, I pointed out that part of Iceland is on the North American Plate, and all of Greenland is considered to be geographically part of North America. So there are strong grounds for considering that King Haakon IV of Norway became the first European monarch to rule part of the Americas when he added Iceland and Greenland to his realms in 1262, 230 years before Columbus claimed some American islands for Queen Isabella of Castile, and left a few of her subjects as settlers on the American island of Hispaniola.

In post number one I traced the heirs of King Haakon IV of Norway and his successors down to King Olaf (1370-1387) II of Denmark 1376-1387 and IV of Norway 1380-1387. And then I traced their heirs down to the present according to the succession rule of male preference primogeniture. And in post number two I traced their heirs down to the present according to the succession rule of agnatic (male only) primogeniture.

The last king in those posts, Olaf IV, died in 1387, but Iceland and Greenland continued to be ruled by European monarchs. Here is a list of the heirs of the first three monarchs of Norway, Sweden, and Denmark under the Union of Kalmar.

1. Margaret (1353-1412) Ruled the three kingdoms in the name of her grand nephew until she died in 1412. Grand aunt of:

2. Erik (1381?-1459) King of Norway 1389-1442, King of Denmark and Sweden 1396-14, Duke of Pomerania 1394/95-1459. Son of Duke Wartislaw VII of Pomerania (d. 1394/95)POMERANIA and Marie of Mecklenburg (1363/67-1402), daughter of Duke Henry of Mecklenburg (d. 1383) MECKLENBURG and Ingeborg (1347-1370), daughter of King Valdermar IV and older sister of # 1. Margaret. DENMARK KINGS Uncle of:

3. King Christopher III of Denmark, King of Norway and Sweden (1416-48). Son and only surviving child of Johann, Count Palatine of Neumarkt (1383?-1343) http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/PALATINATE.htm#Johanndied1443 and Katherina of Pomerania (1390?-1426) only sister of # 2 Erik. DENMARK KINGS The Scandinavian nobles jumped the gun and deposed Erik in favor of Christopher, who died before Erik, who thus had no close heirs when he died. King Christopher was a cousin of:

4. Katarina of Werle (d. 1475/80) daughter of Wilhelm of Werle (1436) , son of Lord Lorenz of Werle (d. 1393) MECKLENBURG and Mechtild of Werle (d. after 1402), daughter of Lord NIcholas IV of Werle (d. 1354), son of Lord Johann III of Werle (d. 1352), son of Lord Nicholas II of Werle (d. 1316) MECKLENBURG and his wife Richiza of Denmark (d. 1303/08) daughter of King Erik V Klipping of Denmark (1249?-1286). When Erik of Pomerania died in 1459 Katarina of Werle was his closest surviving cousin on the side of the Royal family of Denmark. Katarina of Werle married Duke Ulrich II of Mecklenburg-Stargard (1438?-1471). Their daughter Elizabeth was a prioress and died childless. Their other daughter Ingeborg (d.1509) married Everwin II, Count of Bentheim (d. 1530). I had trouble finding which count Everwin II of betheim she married. MECKLENBURG Katarina of Werle (d. 1475/80) was the mother of:

5. Ingeborg of Mecklenburg-Stargard (d. 1509). Married Count Everwin II of Bentheim (c. 1461-1530). Everwin II Von Bentheim (± 1461-1530) » Genealogy Richard Remmé, The Hague, Netherlands » Genealogie Online Mother of:

6. Bernhard of Bentheim (c. 1495-1528) Married. No recorded children. Bernhard Von Bentheim (± 1495-1528) » Genealogy Richard Remmé, The Hague, Netherlands » Genealogie Online Brother of:

7. Anna of Bentheim (c. 1495-1559) Married Ernst V von Honstein. Anna Von Bentheim (± 1495-1559) » Genealogy Richard Remmé, The Hague, Netherlands » Genealogie Online Mother of:

8. Volkmar Wolfgang von Honstein (c. 1512-1580) Volkmar Wolfgang Von Honstein (± 1512-1580) » Genealogy Richard Remmé, The Hague, Netherlands » Genealogie Online Father of:

9. Ernst von Honstein (1562-93) Ernst Von Honstein (1562-1593) » Genealogy Richard Remmé, The Hague, Netherlands » Genealogie Online father of:

10. Ermuthe Juliane von Honstein (1587-1633). Ermuthe Juliane Von Honstein (1587-1633) » Genealogy Richard Remmé, The Hague, Netherlands » Genealogie Online No recorded children. Cousin of:

11. Anna Ursula of Hohenzoller-Hechingen (d. 1667) Married Johann Bernard Ii von Maltzan. Anna Ursula Von Hohenzollern-Hechingen (-1667) » Genealogy Richard Remmé, The Hague, Netherlands » Genealogie Online daughter of Johann George of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (b. 1580) Johann Georg Von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (1580-????) » Genealogy Richard Remmé, The Hague, Netherlands » Genealogie Online son of Anna von Honstein (c.1555-c1607) Anna Von Honstein (± 1555-± 1607) » Genealogy Richard Remmé, The Hague, Netherlands » Genealogie Online , daughter of # 8. Anna Ursula of Hohenzoller-Hechingen was the mother of:

12. Barbara Helena von Maltzan (1641-1726) married Elias Andreas Henckel Von Donnersmarck Barbara Helena Freiin Von Maltzan (1641-1726) » Genealogy Richard Remmé, The Hague, Netherlands » Genealogie Online mother of:

Since this post is getting too long, it will be continued in the next post.
 

MAGolding

Ad Honorem
Aug 2015
2,466
Chalfont, Pennsylvania
#4
Heirs of the European monarchs who ruled over Iceland and Greenland in the Americas.

Heirs of the first three monarchs - Margaret (1353-1412), Erik (1381?-1459), & Christopher (1416-48) - of Norway, Sweden, and Denmark during the Union of Kalmar, part two.

13. Johann Ernst Henckel Von Donnersmarck (1673-1742/43) Johann Ernst Henckel Von Donnersmarck (1673-????) » Genealogy Richard Remmé, The Hague, Netherlands » Genealogie Online Father of:

14. Johanna Elonara Josepha Henckel Von Donnersmarck (1711-74) Johanna Eleonora Josepha Henckel Von Donnersmarck (1711-1774) » Genealogy Richard Remmé, The Hague, Netherlands » Genealogie Online No recorded children. Cousin of:

15. Charlotte Louise Henckel Von Donnersmarck (1709-84) married Karl Wilhelm Van Sayn und Wittgenstein. Charlotte Louise Henckel Von Donnersmarck (1709-1784) » Genealogy Richard Remmé, The Hague, Netherlands » Genealogie Online daughter of Wenzel Ludwig Henckel Von Donnersmarck (1680-1734) Wenzel Ludwig Henckel Von Donnersmarck (1680-1734) » Genealogy Richard Remmé, The Hague, Netherlands » Genealogie Online brother of # 14. Charlotte Louise Henckel Von Donnersmarck was the mother of:

16. Adolf Van Sayn und Wittgenstein (1740-1814) Adolf van Sayn Und Wittgenstein (1740-1814) » Genealogy Richard Remmé, The Hague, Netherlands » Genealogie Online Childless. Grand uncle of:

17. Gustav Van Sayn und Wittgenstein (1811-46) Gustav Von Sayn Und Wittgenstein (1811-1846) » Genealogy Richard Remmé, The Hague, Netherlands » Genealogie Online Son of Carl Christian Gustav Friederich Prince of Sayn und Wittgenstein (1773-1812) Sophie Ferdinande Helena van Sayn Und Wittgenstein (1741-1774) » Genealogy Richard Remmé, The Hague, Netherlands » Genealogie Online son of Sophie Fernandine Helena Van Sayn und Wittgenstein (1741-74). sister of # 16. Sophie Ferdinande Helena van Sayn Und Wittgenstein (1741-1774) » Genealogy Richard Remmé, The Hague, Netherlands » Genealogie Online Gustav Van Sayn und Wittgenstein was the father of:

18. Leontine Von Sayn und Wittgenstein (1843-1924) married Karl Hans Konstantin Von Konigsmarck (1839-1910). Mother of:

19. Marie Jenny Von Konigsmarck (b. 1875) Marie-Jenny Von Königsmarck (1875-????) » Genealogy Richard Remmé, The Hague, Netherlands » Genealogie Online No recorded children. Cousin of:

20. Leopold of Isenburg Budingen (1866-1933)Leopold Von Isenburg Zu Büdingen (1866-1933) » Genealogy Richard Remmé, The Hague, Netherlands » Genealogie Online Son of Karl Viktor of Isenburg (1838-99) Karl Viktor Von Isenburg Zu Büdingen (1838-1899) » Genealogy Richard Remmé, The Hague, Netherlands » Genealogie Online, son of Viktor Alexander Prince of Isenburg (1802-1843) Viktor Alexander Von Isenburg Zu Büdingen (1802-1843) » Genealogy Richard Remmé, The Hague, Netherlands » Genealogie Online , Brother of the childless Wolfgang Ernest III Prince of Isenburg (1798-1866) [Wolfgang Ernest III Prince of Isenburg (), son of Karl Friedrich Moritz Prince of Isenburg-Bierstein (1776-1820) Karl Friedrich Moritz Von Isenburg Birstein (1766-1820) » Genealogy Richard Remmé, The Hague, Netherlands » Genealogie Online Isenburg 4, son of Wolfgang Ernst of Isenburg-Bierstein (1735-1803) Isenburg & his wife Sophie Charlotte Von Anhalt-Bernburg (174-1781) Sofie Charlotte Von Anhalt-Bernburg (1743-1781) » Genealogy Richard Remmé, The Hague, Netherlands » Genealogie Online, daughter of Victor Amadeus Adolf of Anhalt-Bernberg (1693-1772) & his wife Hedwig Sofia Henckel Von Donnersmarck (1717-95) Hedwig Sofie Henckel Von Donnersmarck (1717-1795) » Genealogy Richard Remmé, The Hague, Netherlands » Genealogie Online, daughtr of Wenzel Ludwig Henckel Von Donnersmarck (1680-1734) Wenzel Ludwig Henckel Von Donnersmarck (1680-1734) » Genealogy Richard Remmé, The Hague, Netherlands » Genealogie Online, brother of # 13 Johann Ernst Henckel Von Donnersmarck (1673-1742/43). Leopold of Isenburg Budingen (1866-1933) was the father of:

21. Wilhelm Carl of Isenburg Budingen (1903-56) Wilhelm Karl Von Isenburg Zu Büdingen (1903-1956) » Genealogy Richard Remmé, The Hague, Netherlands » Genealogie Online - Isenburg Childless. Cousin of:

22. Prince Maria Joseph of Isenburg (1906-68). Franz Joseph Von Isenburg Zu Büdingen (1869-1939) » Genealogy Richard Remmé, The Hague, Netherlands » Genealogie Online - Isenburg Son of Prince Franz Joseph of Isenburg (1869-1939), brother of # 20. Childless. Grand uncle of:

23. Franz Alexander Prince of Isenburg (1943-2018) , son of Franz Ferdinand of Isenburg (1901-1956) Franz Ferdinand von Isenburg – Wikipedia - Isenburg, brother of # 22 Prince Maria Joseph of Isenburg (1906-68) County of Isenburg - Wikipedia Father of

24. Prince Alexander of Isenburg (born 1969) County of Isenburg - Wikipedia Isenburg 4 - Isenburg.
 

MAGolding

Ad Honorem
Aug 2015
2,466
Chalfont, Pennsylvania
#5
Heirs of the last three monarchs of the Union of Kalmar, who ruled over Iceland and Greenland.

In 1492, Columbus claimed various American islands in the name of Queen Isabella of Castile, and left some of his crew as settlers on the Island of Hispaniola. But 230 years earlier in 1262 King Haakon IV of Norway added Iceland and Greenland to his realms. Iceland is partially on the North American plate, and Greenland is considered to be geographically part of North America as much as Hispaniola, Newfoundland, or Manhattan. In previous posts on this thread I have traced the heirs of earlier monarchs ruling over Iceland and Greenland down to the first three monarchs of Norway, Sweden, and Denmark during the Union of Kalmar.

Erick of Pomerania, King of Norway, Sweden, and Denmark, was overthrown in 1440-41 by discontented nobles who couldn't wait for the old king to die and made his nephew Christopher (1416-48) king in Erik's place. But King Christopher died young and childless in 1448. The nobles didn't recall Erik to the throne, but searched for another heir, which wasn't easy because all of Erik's close relatives descended from the royal families of Norway, Sweden, and Denmark, had died off making Erik the only survivor. Count Christian XIX of Oldenburg (1426-1481), who had some descents from previous Scandinavian kings, was selected as the new heir and became King of Norway - which ruled Iceland and Greenland - and Denmark in 1448 and King of Sweden in 1457.

1. King Christian I of Norway, Sweden, and Denmark (1426-1481) DENMARK KINGS Father of:

2. King Johann of Norway, Sweden, and Denmark (1426-1513) Father of:

3. King Christian I of Norway, Sweden, and Denmark (1426-1481) deposed in Norway and Denmark, and in Sweden, in 1523, ending the Union of Kalmar. Father of:

4. Dorothea (1520-1580) Older daughter. Married frederick II, Elector palatine. http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/PALATINATE.htm#FriedrichIIdied1556 No known children. Sister of:

5. Christine of Denmark (1521-90), Only child to have descendants. Married first of Francesco II Sforza Duke of Milan (1492-1535) No Children MILAN Married second Duke Francis I of Lorraine http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/LORRAINE.htm#_Toc521914373 Mother of:

6. Duke Charles III of Lorraine (1543-1608) http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/LORRAINE.htm#FrancoisIdied1545B Father of:

7. Duke Henry II of Lorraine (1563-1624) http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/LORRAINE.htm#FrancoisIdied1545B Father of:

8. Nicole of Lorraine (1608-1657), older daughter of Duke Henry II of Lorraine. Childless: Aunt of:

9. Ferdinand Philippe (1639-1659). Son of Claude (1612-1648), sister of Nicole, who married her first cousin Duke Nicolas Francis of Lorraine. http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/LORRAINE.htm#NicolasFrancoisdied1670 Ferdinand Philippe was childless. Brother of:

10. Duke Charles V of Lorraine (1643-1690). http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/LORRAINE.htm#CharlesVdied1690A Father of:

11. Duke Leopold Joseph of Lorraine (1679-1729). Father of:

12. Emperor of the Romans Francis I Stephen (1708-1765). http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/LORRAINE.htm#CharlesVdied1690A Father of:

13. Joseph II Emperor of the Romans (1741-1790). http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/AUSTRIA.htm#FranzIdied1765B No surviving children. Brother of:

14. Emperor of the Romans Leopold II (1747-1792) http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/AUSTRIA.htm#LeopoldIIdied1792A Father of:

15. Emperor Francis II & I (1768-1835) http://genealogy.euweb.cz/habsburg/habsburg5.html Father of:

16. Ferdinand I, (1793-1875), Emperor of Austria 1835-1848. Childless. Brother of:

17. Archduke Karl Franz(1802-1878). Renounced his rights to Austria in 1848. Father of:

18. Emperor of Austria Franz Joseph (1830-1916). Grandfather of:

19. Archduchess Elizabeth (1883-1963), daughter of Crown Prince Rudolf (1858-1889). http://europeandynasties.com/descendants_of_crown_prince_rudo.htm Married first Prince Otto Wieriand of Windisch-Graetz. Mother of:

20. Franz Joseph Prince of Windisch-Graetz (1904-1981). Oldest Son. Father of:

21. Guillaume Prince of Windsch-Graetz (born 1950). Born 1950. Unmarried. Brother of:

Stephanie (born 1939). Sister. Married Dermott Hugh Blundell-Hollinshead-Blundell (born 1935). Mother of:

Henry Victor William Blundell-Hollinshead-Blundell (born 1967), older son. Father of:

Byran Vahram John Blundell-Hollinshead-Blundell (born 2005) http://europeandynasties.com/descendants_of_crown_prince_rudo.htm son.

Since the claim to be heirs of the last three kings of the Union of Kalmar passed by male preference primogeniture to the house of Habsburg-Lorraine it should be inherited from Franz Joseph that way. But the heirs by agnatic (male only) primogeniture ,of the claim of Emperor Franz Joseph to be the heir of the last three kings of the Union of Kalmar are:

19. Maximilian, Duke of Hohenberg (1902-1962) the older son of Archduke Franz Ferdinand (1863-1914), who was the older son of Archduke Karl Ludwig (1833-1896), a brother of number 18 Emperor Franz Joseph. http://genealogy.euweb.cz/habsburg/habsburg6.html - http://genealogy.euweb.cz/habsburg/habsburg6.html Father of:

20. Franz, Duke of Hohenberg (1927-1977). Had two daughters but no sons. Brother of:

21. George Duke of Hohenberg (born 1929). Father of:

Prince Nikolaus of Hohenberg (born 1961). father of:

Prince Karl of Hohenberg (born 1991).

According to the dynastic laws of the Habsburg-Lorraine dynasty, the throne could pass only to children of equal marriages with persons of high rank, which made the dynastic heirs of number 18 Emperor Franz Joseph:

19. Emperor of Austria Charles I (1887-1922), son of Archduke Otto Franz (1865-1906), younger son of Archduke Karl Ludwig (1833-1896), a brother of number 18 Emperor Franz Joseph. http://genealogy.euweb.cz/habsburg/habsburg7.html Father of:

20. Crown Prince Otto (1912-2011). Father of:

21. Karl von Habsburg (born 1961). Father of:

Ferdinand Zivonimir von Habsburg (born 1997).
 

Tulius

Ad Honorem
May 2016
4,085
Portugal
#6
According to Norse legends, Celtic monks lived on Iceland before the first Norse arrived.
In Geography like in History and in many other sciences and academic disciplines, definitions like the definition of a continent are achieved by a general consensus, a dominant paradigm, and I never saw Iceland being considered part of America, it is usually under Europe, so the part concerning Iceland doesn’t make much sense under this umbrella definitions.

Nevertheless to have it well covered about Greenland and the ephemerous Norse colony in America, even if the posts don’t mean much regarding the periods that America and Greenland hadn’t Norse occupation.

But what caught my attention was the quoted sentence. There are legends that Celtic monks lived in Iceland before the Norse arrived? What are those legends?
 
Mar 2015
1,275
Yorkshire
#7
The Landnámabók (The Icelandic Book of Settlements), possibly dating from the 11th century in its original form, clearly states on page one that Irish monks had been living on Iceland before the arrival of Norse settlers. According to this account, the basis behind this knowledge was monks' leaving behind numerous reminders of their stay, including Irish books, bells and crosiers, helping the Norse to identify their predecessors. According to the Landnámabók, the Irish monks left the island either when the Norse arrived or were no longer living there when the Norse arrived.

And I think that Iceland is one of the islands that St Brendan is rumoured to have visited in his voyages.

One feature of the Celtic Church was that monks would seek remote islands to set up a community - sort of gaelic version of the Christian monks in the Holy Land seeking the solitude of the desert.
 

Tulius

Ad Honorem
May 2016
4,085
Portugal
#8
The Landnámabók (The Icelandic Book of Settlements), possibly dating from the 11th century in its original form, clearly states on page one that Irish monks had been living on Iceland before the arrival of Norse settlers. According to this account, the basis behind this knowledge was monks' leaving behind numerous reminders of their stay, including Irish books, bells and crosiers, helping the Norse to identify their predecessors. According to the Landnámabók, the Irish monks left the island either when the Norse arrived or were no longer living there when the Norse arrived.

And I think that Iceland is one of the islands that St Brendan is rumoured to have visited in his voyages.

One feature of the Celtic Church was that monks would seek remote islands to set up a community - sort of gaelic version of the Christian monks in the Holy Land seeking the solitude of the desert.
Thank you Peccavi, I knew the possible references in the chronicle of Saint Brendan, but I was totally unaware of references in the Landnámabók (which I never read). I will surely take a look.
 

MAGolding

Ad Honorem
Aug 2015
2,466
Chalfont, Pennsylvania
#9
The posts from one through five have listed the heirs of the kings who included Iceland and Greenland in their realms from 1262 to 1523. It is believed that the Norse colony in Greenland ended before 1523, so some readers will consider the following rulers of Iceland to be of little interest. But they are included anyway for those who might be interested.

Frederick, (1479-1533) youngest child of King Christian I, overthrew his nephew Christian II in 1523 and became King Frederick I of Denmark and Norway.

1. King Frederick I of Denmark and Norway. (1471-1533). DENMARK KINGS Father of:

2. King Christian III of Denmark and Norway. (1503-1559). Father of:

3. King Frederick II of Denmark and Norway. (1534-1588). DENMARK KINGS Father of:

4. King Christian IV of Denmark and Norway. (1577-1648). Father of:

5. King Frederick III of Denmark and Norway. (1609-1670). DENMARK KINGS Father of:

6. King Christian V of Denmark and Norway. (1646-1699). DENMARK KINGS Father of:

7. King Frederick IV of Denmark and Norway. (1671-1730). Father of:

8. King Christian VI of Denmark and Norway. (1699-1746). DENMARK KINGS Father of:

9. King Frederick V of Denmark and Norway. (1723-1766). DENMARK KINGS - Denmark Father of:

10. King Christian VII of Denmark and Norway. (1749-1808). Father of:

11. King Frederick VI of Denmark and Norway. (1768-1839). Lost Norway in 1814. First king without a a son to succeed in 10 generations. DENMARK KINGS Succeeded by his cousin. Father of:

12. Caroline (1793-1881), only surviving child. Married her cousin Frederick Ferdinand Prince of Denmark (1792-1863). DENMARK KINGS Childless. Sister of:

13. Wilhelmine (1808-91) Sister. Married first future King Frederick VII of Denmark (1808-1863). DENMARK KINGS No Children. Married Second Karl Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glucksburg. No children. Cousin of:

14. Ernest Gunther, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein (1863-1921), Schleswig-Holstein son of Duke Frederick VIII of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg (1829-80), son of Duke Christian August II of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg (1798-1869), son of Duke Fredrick Christian of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg (1765-1814) and Louisa Augusta of Denmark (1771-1843) daughter of number 10. SCHLESWIG-HOLSTEIN King Christian VII. Ernest Gunther was childless. Brother of:

15. Augusta Victoria (1858-1921) Married German Emperor Wilhelm II (1859-1941) Schleswig-Holstein Mother of:

16. Crown Prince Wilhelm (1881-1951) Prussia Father of:

17. Prince Wilhelm of Prussia (1906-40) renounced his rights to throne when he made an unequal marriage. Father of:

18. Princess Felicitas of Prussia (1934-2009) Married first Dinnies Karl Friedrich von der Osten (1929 -1989). Prussia Mother of:

19. Hubertus Christoph Joachim Friedrich von der Osten born 1964).

But if it is desired for the succession of Denmark to pass according to the dynastic laws of the Hohenzollerns, the heirs of # 16 Crown Prince Wilhelm are:

17. Louis Ferdinand, Prince of Prussia (1907-94) Prussia Grandfather of:

19. George Frederick Prince of Prussia (b. 1976) son of Louis Ferdinand (1944-77). Father of:

Prince Carl Friedrich (b. 2013). Prussia

However the childless number 14. Ernest Gunther adopted two of his Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glucksburg cousins:

15. Johann George (1911-41) Childless. Schleswig-Holstein Brother of:

16. Marie Louisa (1908-69) Married first Baron Rudolf-Carl von Stengel and had children.

But there were doubts whether Louisa Augusta of Denmark (1771-1843) daughter of number 10. King Christian VII, really was his daughter. So perhaps the heir should be chosen from the next closest Danish relative whose paternity is not suspected. Then the heirs would be:

14. Alexander Frederick, Landgrave of Hesse-Cassel (1863-1945), Hesse son of Prince Friedrich Wilhelm of Hesse-Cassel (1820-84), son of Wilhelm I, Landgrave of Hesse-Cassel-Rumpenheim (1787-1867) and his wife Princess Louise Charlotte of Denmark (1789-1864), daughter of Hereditary Prince of Denmark and Norway Frederick (1753-1805), son of number 9 King Frederick V. DENMARK KINGS Made an unequal marriage, not stated if there were children. Brother of:

15. Frederick Landgrave of Hesse (1868-1914). Briefly King of Finland in 1918. Father of:

16. Philip, Landgrave of Hesse (1896-1980) Father of:

17. Moritz, Landgrave of Hesse (1926-2013) Father of:

18. Landgrave Heinrich Donatus Philipp Umberto of Hesse (b.1966) Married & has 2 sons and a daughter. Hesse

Of course the Danish succession law was agnatic (male only) so the heir of King Frederick VI in 1839 was:

12. King Christian VIII of Denmark (1786-1848) son of Hereditary Prince of Denmark and Norway Frederick (1753-1805), son of number 9 King Frederick V. DENMARK KINGS - Denmark He was briefly King Christian Frederick of Norway in 1814. Father of:

13. King Fredrick VII (1808-1863). Only child of his father. No children. And then the succession by agnatic (male only) primogeniture passed to distant cousins which will be covered in another post.
 
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MAGolding

Ad Honorem
Aug 2015
2,466
Chalfont, Pennsylvania
#10
Heirs of King Frederick I of Denmark and Norway. Part Two.

Frederick, (1479-1533) youngest child of King Christian I, overthrew his nephew Christian II in 1523 and became King Frederick I of Denmark and Norway. His heirs by agnatic (male only) succession were:

1. King Frederick I of Denmark and Norway. (1471-1533). DENMARK KINGS Father of:

2. King Christian III of Denmark and Norway. (1503-1559). Father of:

3. King Frederick II of Denmark and Norway. (1534-1588). DENMARK KINGS Father of:

4. King Christian IV of Denmark and Norway. (1577-1648). Father of:

5. King Frederick III of Denmark and Norway. (1609-1670). DENMARK KINGS Father of:

6. King Christian V of Denmark and Norway. (1646-1699). DENMARK KINGS Father of:

7. King Frederick IV of Denmark and Norway. (1671-1730). Father of:

8. King Christian VI of Denmark and Norway. (1699-1746). DENMARK KINGS Father of:

9. King Frederick V of Denmark and Norway. (1723-1766). DENMARK KINGS - Denmark Father of:

10. King Christian VII of Denmark and Norway. (1749-1808). Father of:

11. King Frederick VI of Denmark and Norway. (1768-1839). Lost Norway in 1814. First king without a a son to succeed in 10 generations. He was survived by two daughters but they couldn't inherit the throne. Succeeded by his cousin.

12. King Christian VIII of Denmark (1786-1848) son of Hereditary Prince of Denmark and Norway Frederick (1753-1805), son of number 9 King Frederick V. He was briefly King Christian Frederick of Norway in 1814. Denmark Father of:

13. King Fredrick VII (1808-1863). Only child of his father. No children. And then the succession by agnatic (male only) primogeniture passed to distant cousins. Cousin of:

14. Christian August II Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg (1798-1869) Schleswig-Holstein, son of Duke of Frederick Christian II of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg (1765-1814), son of Duke Frederick Christian I of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg (1721-94) SCHLESWIG-HOLSTEIN - Schleswig-Holstein, son of Duke Christian August I of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg (1696-1754), son of Prince Frederick William of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg (1668-1714), son of Duke Ernst Gunther of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg (1609-89) SCHLESWIG-HOLSTEIN, son of Duke Alexander of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg (1573-1637) SCHLESWIG-HOLSTEIN, son of Duke John II of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg (1545-1622) DENMARK KINGS, the third son of number King Christian III of Denmark and Norway. (1503-1559). Duke Christian August II was the father of:

15. Duke Frederick VIII of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg (1829-80) Father of:

16. Ernest Gunther, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein (1863-1921. Childless. Cousin of:

17. Prince Albert (1869-1931) son of Prince Christian (1831-1917 Titular Duke of Schleswig-Holstein. Childless. Cousin of:

18. Friedrich Fedinand Duke of Schleswig-Holstein (1855-1934), son of Friedrich Duke of Duke Carl of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glucksburg (1814-85) - older brother of King Christian IX of Denmark - second oldest son of Duke Friedrich Wilhelm of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glucksburg (1785-1831), only son of Duke Friedrich Karl Ludwig of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck (1757-1816) Schleswig-Holstein, son of Prince Karl Anton Ernest of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck (1727-59), son of Duke Peter August of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck (1697-1775) SCHLESWIG-HOLSTEIN, son of Duke Fredrick Lewis of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck (1653-1728), son of Duke August Philip of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck (1612-75) SCHLESWIG-HOLSTEIN, 3rd son of Duke Alexander of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg (1573-1637), son of Duke John II of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg (1545-1622), the third son of number 2 King Christian III of Denmark and Norway. (1503-1559). Friedrich Fedinand Duke of Schleswig-Holstein (1855-1934) was the father of:

19. Wilhelm Friedrich Duke of Schleswig-Holstein (1891-1965) father of:

20. Peter Duke of Schleswig-Holstein (1922-80) father of:

21. Christoph Duke of Schleswig-Holstein (born 1949) Schleswig-Holstein.

King Christian IX (1818-1906) of Denmark was selected to be the heir while having two older brothers and some senior cousins alive, so he was not the Genealogical agnatic heir of the House of Oldenburg.

1. King Christian IX (1818-1906) of Denmark. Denmark Father of:

2. King Frederick VIII of Denmark (1843-1912). Father of:

3. King Christian X (1870-1947) of Denmark. King of Iceland 1918-44. Father of:

4. King Frederick IX of Denmark (1899-1972). Had no sons. Brother of:

5. Knud Hereditary Prince of Denmark (1900-76). Heir to the danish throne until the succession law was changed in 1953. Father of:

6. Count Ingolf of Rosenborg (b. 1940) Made an unequal marriage in 1968 and renounced his rights to the throne. No children. His brother Count Christian of Rosenborg (1942-2013) Made an unequal marriage and renounced his rights. Denmark Had three daughters.

Next in line after Count Ingolf would be King Harald V of Norway (b. 1937) son of King Olaf V of Norway (1903-91), son of KIng Haakon VII (1872-1957) of Norway, a younger son of King Frederick VIII of Denmark (1843-1912). But King Haakon probably renounced his rights to the Danish throne when becoming King of Norway. So the next inline after him would be Count Philip Oluf Axel Ulrich of Rosenborg (b. 1986) son of count Oluf of Rosenborg (123-1990) who lost his rights s to the throne when he made an unequal marriage, son of Prince Harald of Denmark (1876-1949 younger brother of King Christian X. But since Count Oluf of Rosenborg renounced his rights to the throne, the next heir would be And the only other agnatic descendants of King Christian IX are the Royal family of Greece and the descendants of Queen Elizabeth II of the UK. Denmark

Meanwhile King Frederick IX was succeeded by his daughter:

5. Queen Margrethe II of Denmark (born 1940) Married Henri de Laborde de Monpezat. Denmark Mother of:

Crown Prince Frederick (b. 1968) older son. Father of:

Prince Christian (b. 2005) older son.

In 1990 the succession was changed to absolute primogeniture, so that the oldest child inherits whether boy or girl, but both Crown Prince Frederick and Prince Christian are the oldest children of their parents and are unaffected by the new rule..

The lineage of King Frederick I of Denmark and Norway starts out with a simple sequence of father to son successions,and then gets messed up with complicated relationships and different possible rules of succession and results in about seven different possible heirs.
 
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