How come Hampi, Karnataka was never rebuilt and re-settled?

Nov 2017
85
United States
Hampi was destroyed when the Deccan Sultanates defeated the Vijayanagar empire in 1565.

But how come a city this large (apparently second largest city in the world at that time after Beijing) and prosperous was never rebuilt and re-settled? It was just left in ruins and abandoned.

Hiroshima and Nagasaki were leveled after the atomic bombings, but they were rebuilt and repopulated.
 

Aupmanyav

Ad Honorem
Jun 2014
5,906
New Delhi, India
It happens. I read that the capital of what was left of Vijayanagara was moved to Penukonda.
 
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Ichon

Ad Honorem
Mar 2013
3,770
The states which defeated it were still around and presumably wouldn't want to see it resurrected while at the same time foreign states were intervening into Indian affairs more and more heavily so it was left to ruins. For historical posterity probably ok as it has amazingly preserved systems of water control and buildings.
 

Aupmanyav

Ad Honorem
Jun 2014
5,906
New Delhi, India
I think it is like Mosul and Raqqa. Very difficult to revive a completely destroyed city. Easier to build a new one. Trying to build the old one would again invite the destroyers.
 

rvsakhadeo

Ad Honorem
Sep 2012
9,224
India
The states which defeated it were still around and presumably wouldn't want to see it resurrected while at the same time foreign states were intervening into Indian affairs more and more heavily so it was left to ruins. For historical posterity probably ok as it has amazingly preserved systems of water control and buildings.
Foreigners were very scarce in India in the late 16th century, more interested in trade rather than acquisition of territory. What armed strength they had was restricted to defending their trading posts. So Vijaynagar dynasty was most unlikely to be disturbed by foreigners.
But, the question raised in the O.P. is a real mystery. Probably the shock of the massive defeat led to the abandonment of the capital city of the Kingdom.
 
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Ichon

Ad Honorem
Mar 2013
3,770
Foreigners were very scarce in India in the late 16th century, more interested in trade rather than acquisition of territory. What armed strength they had was restricted to defending their trading posts. So Vijaynagar dynasty was most unlikely to be disturbed by foreigners.
But, the question raised in the O.P. is a real mystery. Probably the shock of the massive defeat led to the abandonment of the capital city of the Kingdom.
I am not saying foreigners were colonizing already but the value of external trade grew considerably and was of outsized importance as land cultivation was the main revenue source but didn't generate alot of currency to pay the foreign mercenaries and this access to trade created more of a focus on coastal areas both east and west with Vijayanagara's moving their capital several times due to the continuing wars.

Hampi was a bit too far north and also in an arid region which contributed to it not being rebuilt but the main factor was the wars and then later when the wars against the Sultanates were over and new powers like Mysore were rising the focus was the coasts.
 

Jinit

Ad Honorem
Jun 2012
5,274
India
In immediate aftermath of Talikota, Vijayanagara suffered heavy vandalism at the hands of Jihadi barbarians. Some of its most prestigious monuments were looted, burned &/or destroyed. Also I may be wrong here but area passed into the hands of Deccan Sultanates who didn't have any incentive to rebuild & repopulate Vijayanagara. Even if we put aside symbolism, Vijayanagara wasn't that far from Bijapur - capital and prosperous city of Bijapura sultanate.

The real question actually is why was Vijayanagar abandoned and its population left at the mercy of Jihadis without offering any resistance at all? That Tirumaladev raya, son-in-law of Krishnadev raya managed to recover & stabilize the empire post Talikota, even if briefly shows that army of Vijayanagar wasn't completely decimated at Talikota. (It would eventually fall almost 100 years after Talikota, more so because of the infighting of Nayakas than any other reason). Imperial treasury was still intact and City itself had good defences. In such circumstances leaving the prosperous city & its population at the mercy of Jihadis without offering slightest of defence was extremely cowardice act.
 
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Aupmanyav

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Jun 2014
5,906
New Delhi, India
"Rama Raya appointed himself regent during the minority of Sadashiva Raya. After Sadashiva Raya came of age to rule, Rama Raya kept him a virtual prisoner. During this time he became virtual ruler, having confined Sadashiva Raya. Rama Raya removed many loyal servants of the kingdom and replaced them with officers who were loyal to him. He also appointed two Muslim commanders, the Gilani brothers who were earlier in the service of the Sultan Adil Shah as commanders in his army, a mistake that would cost the empire the final Battle of Talikota." https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aliya_Rama_Raya

".. but suddenly two Muslim generals of the Vijayanagara army switched sides and turned their loyalty to the united Sultanates. They captured Rama Raya and beheaded him on the spot .." https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Talikota#The_battle

Muslims served many Hindu kings loyally. Today, we have lots of them in Indian Armed forces and many medal winners too. https://www.honourpoint.in/profile/captain-haneef-uddin-vrc/