- Nov 2016
- Indus Valley, Pakistan
Hong Kong was really an exception rather than the norm； most colonies remained impoverished, illiterate, and underdeveloped when they were under colonial rule.
And there is a good test case that most people overlook. To validate how good/bad colonialism was is difficult because comparing one place to another is fraught with problems. The variables are so complex thus comparison is almost useless.
However we may use Tajiks as a test case. The Tajik people (a Persian speaking people) live on both sides of Amu Darya River. in 1840s their lands suddenly were split into half by a border established by the Anglo-Russian Border Commmission.
From that point on the Tajiks on both sides of the river (which became international border between Afghanistan and Tsarist Russia) found themselves to be either the nominal subjects of the Afghan king or those on the north bank of Amu Darya became subjects of the Tsar.
Today the Russian occupied Tajiks after having found themselves as a Soviet SSR now have a indepandent country. Tajikistan. Their brother Tajiks who they got divorced from them in 1840s still live in Afghanistan. The differance between both groups of the same people is remarkable. Tajikistan makes northern Afghanistan (which remained free from colonialism) look like Norway on the Amu Darya by comparison.