How did the HRE, with such a confusing, intricate and complicated system of governance last for 1000 years? [No, Voltaire quotes are not necessary]

Oct 2011
421
Croatia
Again, the Austrian Empire was established only in 1804... How can they join to Austrian Empire... Can you explain it?
I use Austrian Empire when referring to Austrian areas of Habsburg Monarchy, as latter included more than Austria (much more, depending on the period). This is particularly relevant after Habsburg dynasty split into Austrian and Spanish lines.
 
Oct 2019
34
Budapest
It existed in practice.
I think it is about the composite monarchy: Composite monarchy - Wikipedia
The Habsburg monarchy was thus a composite monarchy - with no single constitution or shared institutions outside of the Habsburg court itself - composed of territories within and outside the Holy Roman Empire, united only in the person of the monarch. The dynastic composite entities were the most common / dominant on the European continent in the early modern era.[2] [3]

A composite monarchy (or composite state or unions of the crowns) is a historical category, introduced by H. G. Koenigsberger in 1975[1][2] and popularised by Sir John H. Elliott,[3] that describes early modern states consisting of several countries under one ruler, sometimes designated as a personal union, who governs his territories as if they were separate kingdoms, in accordance with local traditions and legal structures. The composite state was the most common[4] type of state in the early modern era in Europe.[5]

But composite monarchy does not mean automatically state union neither legal union, or economic union.
 

Maki

Ad Honorem
Jan 2017
3,546
Republika Srpska
But the term "Habsburg/Austrian Empire" is a useful one to use when talking about the areas ruled by the Austrian branch of the family.
 
Oct 2019
34
Budapest
But the term "Habsburg/Austrian Empire" is a useful one to use when talking about the areas ruled by the Austrian branch of the family.
No, Austria was not the most important part of the monarchy until about the 18th century. No wonder that prince of Austria was not among the main titles of the Habsburgs before 1804. (The annual revenues of archduchy of Austria were lower then the annual revenues of Vovode of Transylvania in the early 16th century) No wonder that Austria was no in the important titles of Ferdinand I. see the full titles, the order of titles are important:


After ascending the Imperial Throne Ferdinand's full titulature, rarely used, went as follows: Ferdinand, by the grace of God elected Holy Roman Emperor, forever August, King in Germany, of Hungary, Bohemia, Dalmatia, Croatia, Slavonia, Rama, Serbia, Galicia, Lodomeria, Cumania and Bulgaria, etc. Prince-Infante in Spain, Archduke of Austria, Duke of Burgundy, Brabant, Styria, Carinthia, Carniola, Margrave of Moravia, Duke of Luxemburg, the Upper and Lower Silesia, Württemberg and Teck, Prince of Swabia, Princely Count of Habsburg, Tyrol, Ferrette, Kyburg, Gorizia, Landgrave of Alsace, Margrave of the Holy Roman Empire, Enns, Burgau, the Upper and Lower Lusatia, Lord of the Wendish March, Pordenone and Salins, etc. etc.
 
Oct 2019
34
Budapest
Austria was the center of the empire. Vienna, the capital, was there.
Was the center? How? Did Austria had more population than medieval Bretagne? Roughly the same. Was archduchy of Austria more important economically than Bretagne until the 19th century? Not really.
 
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Oct 2019
34
Budapest
Where was the Emperor's capital? In Vienna, in Austria.
Exactly the " Emperor" was not considered ruler of anybody as "Emperor" outside of the Holy Roman Empire. The capital is the seat of the national assembly, the parliament, Dynastic capital does not make capital cities.
For example: between 1527 and 1840 the capital city of Hungary was Pozsony Pressburg, the home of the government of Hungary and the parliament of Hungary.
 

Maki

Ad Honorem
Jan 2017
3,546
Republika Srpska
Exactly the " Emperor" was not considered ruler of anybody as "Emperor" outside of the Holy Roman Empire.
And the Holy Roman Emperor also had other titles that gave him dominion over regions like Hungary. So a huge portion of Central Europe was ruled by a Vienna-based monarch.