How did the HRE, with such a confusing, intricate and complicated system of governance last for 1000 years? [No, Voltaire quotes are not necessary]

Oct 2019
34
Budapest
And the Holy Roman Emperor also had other titles that gave him dominion over regions like Hungary. So a huge portion of Central Europe was ruled by a Vienna-based monarch.

Not the Emperor had that titles. Sometimes the very person of the king of Bohemia , the king of Hungary or Archduke of Austria or H.R. Emperor were not the same person in the Habsburg family.
 

Maki

Ad Honorem
Jan 2017
3,546
Republika Srpska
Yeah, they were separate titles, but for much of the era they were held by the same person.
 

Maki

Ad Honorem
Jan 2017
3,546
Republika Srpska
Also, even the contemporaries called the Habsburg Monarchy the Austrian Monarchy (monarchia austriaca). The term came into use in the early 18th century.
 
Oct 2019
34
Budapest
Also, even the contemporaries called the Habsburg Monarchy the Austrian Monarchy (monarchia austriaca). The term came into use in the early 18th century.
How do you mean? The archduchy of Austria , and the archdukes of Austria were always a monarchy / monarch since the very beginnings. The Austrian Archduchy (which was monarchy) existed. So what is new in your statement?
 

Maki

Ad Honorem
Jan 2017
3,546
Republika Srpska
The term was used as an umbrella term for all Habsburg possessions in Central Europe.
 

Maki

Ad Honorem
Jan 2017
3,546
Republika Srpska
Why? The center of the empire was in Austria. It was natural to call it Austrian Empire.
 

MAGolding

Ad Honorem
Aug 2015
2,933
Chalfont, Pennsylvania
Why? The center of the empire was in Austria. It was natural to call it Austrian Empire.
Which empire supposedly had its center in Austria in the early 18th century?

In the Holy Roman Empire the office of Emperor was elective and now doubt there would have been considerable competition to be elected emperor if anyone except for the head of the Habsburg dynasty had sufficiently large possessions to carry out the role of Emperor. So the Emperor resided in Vienna in Austria and had his administration of both his hereditary domains and the empire in Vienna. So in some sense Vienna in Austria was the center of the Holy Roman Empire, but not in such a strong sense as Rome was the center of the Roman Empire. It wasn't like Vienna and Austria had conquered many other lands and made them part of the Holy Roman Empire, as the city of Rome had conquered the Mediterranean region and founded the Roman Empire. The Holy Roman Empire had had its imperial residences and administrative centers in many other places over the centuries.

And it makes no sense to called the hereditary kingdoms, duchies, counties, and other lands possessed by the Emperor of the Romans the Austrian Empire any time before 1804. They were not formally united into an institution officially called an empire. According to the official ideology of the Holy Roman Empire, it was not an empire, it was THE EMPIRE, the continuation of the eastern Roman or "Byzantine" Empire which in turn was a continuation of the genuine original Roman Empire. According to the imperial ideology, the Emperor of the Romans was the rightful ruler of everywhere and everyone, so it was impossible for another empire position to exist anywhere. Being Emperor meant being the rightful ruler of everywhere, being the rightful ruler of everywhere meant being emperor.

Thus it would be illogical to speak of an "Austrian Empire" or "Empire of Austria" anytime before the Empire of Austria was officially founded in 1804.
 

Maki

Ad Honorem
Jan 2017
3,546
Republika Srpska
In the Holy Roman Empire the office of Emperor was elective and now doubt there would have been considerable competition to be elected emperor if anyone except for the head of the Habsburg dynasty had sufficiently large possessions to carry out the role of Emperor. So the Emperor resided in Vienna in Austria and had his administration of both his hereditary domains and the empire in Vienna. So in some sense Vienna in Austria was the center of the Holy Roman Empire, but not in such a strong sense as Rome was the center of the Roman Empire. It wasn't like Vienna and Austria had conquered many other lands and made them part of the Holy Roman Empire, as the city of Rome had conquered the Mediterranean region and founded the Roman Empire. The Holy Roman Empire had had its imperial residences and administrative centers in many other places over the centuries.
The Habsburg Monarchy, which controlled a significant part of Central Europe, was centered in Austria.
 
Dec 2013
282
Arkansas
Because it wasn't "Holy", "Roman" or an "Empire". It was a loose association of German states. Loose organizations tend to have good long term survival skills as opposed to more tightly bound ones.