How to Build a Pyramid; a good day of running, upon the mountain.

cladking

Ad Honorem
Nov 2011
2,772
exile
#1
I stumbled onto the means by which the Egyptians built the great pyramids and have extensive though very shallow evidence for it. My theory is wildly unpopular in part because I can also show very strongly how, why, and where Egyptology went wrong. It's also unpopular because it completely rewrites ancient history and has profound implications for philosophy. I would ask that people refrain from insults because this has led to problems in the past.

The true nature and scope of the ancient Egyptian Science has been wholly misunderstood. The Science was based primarily on observation since they lacked particle accelerators and anemometers. It is apparent that the observer would sometimes introduce variables into the process he was observing and these were the first true scientific experiments. What the science lacked in formality was offset by its ability to gain knowledge without complexity and its flexibility. It was largely based on philosophy just like modern science but the practitioners of the ancient science were aware results depended on philosophical underpinnings, definitions, and axioms where few people today realize that these even play a role far less that they define the results of experimentation and the meaning of such things to man and nature: no fact is the truth though statements of fact can be organized as truth.

The reason that the Pyramid Texts have been misunderstood is that there were complex rules for the expression of all ideas and scientific observation. Of course an even greater but less visible cause is that the referents for most of the more complex ideas and words are missing. We translate a word as “snake” or “boat” but don’t realize that the first might not be a legless reptile and the second might not travel on water any more than a mortar boat or a ‘57 Chevy does today. Without the proper referents it is simply impossible to communicate. It is utterly impossible to understand the PT without referents. Rather than seeking these referents by context within the PT scholars have inserted definitions and ideas from later times for the exact same words. It makes the PT clumsy and incomprehensible. It makes it the earliest version of the books of magic from which they yanked the definitions of the terms.

Then rather than take this book of magic which they themselves created as distinct they apply it across the board to the entire culture and along with information and objects found in tombs present the entire Egyptian culture in these terms. We have been presented a vary warped and inaccurate picture of these people and their beliefs. We have applied these inaccuracies even to the reasons and means by which the great pyramids were built. We have assumed these people were changeless and inert from the earliest days and were obsessed with death and the afterlife without ever considering most of what we know was improperly analyzed after being ripped from tombs. The living culture doesn’t survive because they lived in the valley and there are very few objects which can be found under many meters of sediment. This was a vibrant and living culture with a living and vibrant science and it has been mistaken for people obsessed with death and moribund by religious beliefs.

Their “Bible” doesn’t survive except in bits and fragments of ancient literature and a few chapter headings in the PT itself but this work would have been more equivalent to the Handbook of Chemistry and Physics then to a prayer book. It contained the philosophical ideas that formed the basis of observational science. It likely also contained some results and even numerical tables. It almost certainly had a lot of information about stone.

These people were very down to earth. They were a part of nature and considered themselves a part of nature. They expressed themselves in “natural” terms and thought in natural terms. Their Gods, their “neters” were aspects of nature and were depicted with things from nature with man being the largest component of this depiction in most cases. To the Egyptians everything was in balance because man was the observer and the Gods the actors. The Gods were “true of voice” because the Gods were created in man’s image and language itself reflected nature; it reflected the neters. Their language was misunderstood because these ideas were not readily apparent. Their sentence structure and rules of grammar were also heavily influenced by their beliefs and trust in nature. One could “pray” for an outcome or event but one could not assign characteristics to natural processes. Unlike us they knew that as time went by their understanding would grow and evolve so saying something like the sun is round was a “sacrilege”. They would instead say “the sun (Re’) in its (his) name of that which is round “ or refer to the great circle that sets in the west. There are numerous such rules and conventions and these I’ll save for a later post. When they described a thing or process that had no defined God they would compare it to plants or animals. They were exceedingly keen observers and this especially applied to their observations of flora and fauna. Even the most delicate nuance of the behavior of animals was noted and used to describe things from everyday life. They simply didn’t think or express themselves as modern people do. Where we have virtually infinite ways to express any thought no matter how complex and risk being wholly misunderstood, they had a very limited number of ways to express any idea. Any idea could be expressed but there was a single “proper” way to say it and the more learned a man was the more closely he could approximate this ideal. Sentences could become quite complex and only learned people might understand them. Those who didn’t take the meaning would hear gobblety gook.

Since we lack so many referents and we don’t know the rules of grammar it’s not surprising that we mistook the work as goblety gook. As more and more anachronistic meanings and ideas are plugged into this work the farther and farther we get away from the original intent. This book is quite obviously a book of ritual that was read aloud to the assembled throngs at the king’s ascension ceremony; the w3g-festival on the Giza Plateau (during the so called 4th dynasty). These were the Rituals of Ascension. But the details have to be deduced from learning the referents of the words from context. Each time a word is used it gains definitional and connotative meanings and if used enough times the referent becomes known; it is those meanings. The meaning can then legitimately be inserted back into the text to reveal further meanings and referents for disparate terms. As this process proceeds a coherent literal meaning for the PT emerges. I have not engaged in this procedure in a vacuum. Perhaps it would be more legitimate to do it this way but the fact is that there isn’t nearly enough information in this short work to identify the majority of the terms and the complexity of doing this without other information is quite staggering. I’d compare trying to figure out terms that are used only a few times with little definition assigned to planning a chess move seven moves in advance; it’s possible but the number of permutations becomes too great. So I’ve simply chosen to apply the existing physical evidence to the determination of many of these terms. I’ve constructed a model of the implications on the physical evidence and use this model as well as the context to identify referents.

Using the process of finding referents by context there are some conclusions which are simply obvious and inescapable. The Great Pyramid was built with the weight of water falling from 80' that had been caught at that level by the Mehet Weret cow from a cold water geyser. I'm nearly 70% confident of this and can disprove that ramps were used. Essentially ramps are debunked.

I have a list of referents that turns the Pyramid Texts into a coherent and scientific narrative if there's any interest.
 
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cladking

Ad Honorem
Nov 2011
2,772
exile
#4
The authors of the PT said the Gods built the pyramids. No, they didn't mean aliens or beings whose very existence depends on faith. They didn't think like this. They wouldn't even understand these concepts without explanations.

They were scientists and the phenomena they studied were the Gods. The phenomenon that built all the great pyramids were cold water geysers.

[ame=http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YqPFlzwWAy4]Crystal Geyser - Healing, Wealth-Giving Water - YouTube[/ame]
 
Sep 2011
24,135
------------
#5
The authors of the PT said the Gods built the pyramids. No, they didn't mean aliens or beings whose very existence depends on faith. They didn't think like this. They wouldn't even understand these concepts without explanations.

They were scientists and the phenomena they studied were the Gods. The phenomenon that built all the great pyramids were cold water geysers.

Crystal Geyser - Healing, Wealth-Giving Water - YouTube
The geysers created bricks then slotted the bricks together on top on one another, built the tombs inside and covered the pyramid in a polished limestone finish?
 

cladking

Ad Honorem
Nov 2011
2,772
exile
#6
The geysers created bricks
No, this was Set. Set is an enigma but he's the part of the geyser that is under and upon the ground. The means by which he made 2 1/2 ton stones is not apparent but Set is "he of the Great Saw Palace". This was probably the structure on the east side that used a basalt pad to easily move stones about. Set is represented by the bottom part of the ankh. "Ankh" means life and life in the desert is water.

No doubt Set was assisted by the only difficult job done by men on the entire pyramid; quarrying.

then slotted the bricks together on top on one another,
It was the "harmonious Goddesses" who lifted the stones up the sides of the pyramids. Generally these were Isis (stone seat) and Nephthys (house basket) who were the counterweight and the ascender. On G1 these Goddesses were aided by Serket and Neith. Isis was the main counterweight on the west side. Serket was the main counterweight on the north side and also provided the air shafts (Her "dorsal air siphon") so the men in the grand gallery could breath.

built the tombs inside
These are not tombs. The PT repeatedly and distinctly say that the tomb of the king is elsewhere and the pyramid was his ka.

and covered the pyramid in a polished limestone finish?
The pyramid is five steps and was finished from the top down. Each step had its cladding stones installed from the bottom up but the top most steps were done first. This left six lines of voids where a very thin (20") line of cladding stones were missing. These were emplaced by a group called "necklace stringers".

There was no wasted effort building these. They were planned based on the available water. The Gods did virtually all the work and pyramid building was an honor bestowed upon people based on their home town and the hometown of those who had made important contributions in the past. Pyramid building was a seven month long party that started on the five epigomenal days with the w3g-festival and the uncrating of the fire-pan from the box on which Anubis sat.

It was the fire-pan which burned only when water flowed that signaled the pyramid builders to report to work at daybreak. We know this fire-pan as the "ceremonial tri-lobed bowl" that was found in the tomb of Sabu.
 
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#7
You know, you might want to link a video that doesn't have the videographer claiming that a geyser in Utah is caused by whales living underground...

Where exactly where these cold-water geysers?
 

cladking

Ad Honorem
Nov 2011
2,772
exile
#8
You know, you might want to link a video that doesn't have the videographer claiming that a geyser in Utah is caused by whales living underground...

Where exactly where these cold-water geysers?
Lol. I forgot about that. I keep the sound turned off on my computer.

Pyramid placement was determined by the exact location of the geyser and varied over time. Generally on the later great pyramids and on the Great Pyramid itself the geyser was just to the north but had to be offset from the center lline to accommodate counterweight travel. In the case of G1 it is offset to the west so the geyser was 10' north of the middle of the north side and 35' to the east.

This spot was excavated by Vyse to great depth but had to be abandoned because the fissure became too narrow for a boy to get into. The fissure is extremely deep and runs parallel the north side. The builders must have had trepidation about building the pyramid so close to a weakened cliff face but had no choice. They built a water catchment device right over this spot which served to return water to the east side where it was channeled to the eastern cliff face counterweight. In early stages of construction most of the water was shunted through the western canal to the western cliff face counterweight only a couple hundred feet from the geyser. This is the spot on the cliff face that was extended outward to accommodate the 300' counterweight run which ran nearly due N/ S.
 

cladking

Ad Honorem
Nov 2011
2,772
exile
#10
Please do so,now.
Well,no,they're not,yet. I'm waiting for your empirical evidence with baited breath.
"Empirical evidence" must wait for the powers that be to use 1970's technology to prove beyond doubt the route of the stones and mode of lifting. They are currently not seeking such information but a virtually air tight case can be made against ramps by observation and logic alone. While innumerable signs point away from ramps I'll try to limit the discussion to only the major points.

Historical accounts say that the stones moved to the pyramid 300' at a time after a priest attached a piece of paper to them. This is inconsistent with ramps. Indeed, there are no historical accounts until more recent times that involve ramps. Herodotus' description almost precisely matches the usage of counterweights. (they were shaped like the dorsal carapace of a grasshopper and composed of "short pieces of wood".)

The culture has no word for "ramps" as applied to lifting objects. There is no such record for the use of this term. While they, no doubt, physically used ramps to lift objects the lack of the word is glaring omission. There is no "god of ramps" and not a single drawing of a ramp from the great pyramid building age.

Far more importantly is there is no overseer of ramp builders, ramp architects, or ramp dismantlers buried anywhere in Egypt. There are no overseers of basket makers, no overseers of harness makers or salve makers. There is not even a single stone dragger or his overseer in evidence. The pyramid town had equal numbers of men and women and was a tiny fraction of the size that would be required to drag stones and build ramps. The town is hardly large enough to supply such a large army with water and supplies far less do all the work themselves. It is little larger than a couple soccer fields.

Logic says that on a gargantuan project that a highly efficient means must be used. Ramps not only are hugely inefficient due to the high friction and high cost of building and dismantling ramps but also because the weight of the team dragging stones to the pyramid top is simply wasted as they walk back down on already constricted and overused ramps. Getting the manpower necessary to build this requires massive ramps because 55 HP being done by men at extraordinarily low efficiency requires vast numbers of men. They couldn't even see the pyramid to build it under the amount of ramping that would be needed to project so much power. Logic says it would be far easier to just drag stones up the side from the top. Friction is reduced to almost nothing since the route of the stones can be greased. The men don't have to lift their own weight and can pull much more effectively from a level surface. The concept that they must have used ramps is absurd when there are numerous better evidenced and easier means.

Then comes the physical evidence which just puts a nail into the heart of the ramp ideas. Perhaps most glaringly is the utter lack of any evidence whatsoever for ramps on the pyramid. This wouldn’t be such a glaring void if not for the existence of numerous vertical lines visible in the pyramids. These lines tend to appear in pairs with one on opposite sides. This is consistent with counterweight operations where one line marks the counterweight and the opposite the route of the stones. It is most highly inconsistent with any ramping ideas. Simply stated ramps wouldn’t leave such lines no matter how they were configured except for ones that can be ruled out by logic such as integral ramps. The grooves on the Great Pyramid are also these routes of the stones that the builders called the “ladders of the Gods”.

Each of the great pyramids after Djoser’s were five step pyramids. There is simply no reason to build these as step pyramids unless the height of each step defined the height they were able to lift stones. In order to lift stones to the top they must have needed to be relayed the greatest distance they could lift. Of course this could be as simple as the length of the ropes by which they lifted them up the side. No matter the actual reason it simply isn’t consistent with ramps. It is highly consistent with counterweights and using water for ballast since the geyser sprayed 80’ and this is the height of the steps.

Ramps can’t explain the various infrastructure all around and within the pyramid. They are inconsistent with the history, culture, logic, physical evidence, and the evidence left by the actual on-site builders.
Perhaps the greatest inconsistency is the cultural evidence right on site. In the pyramid builders cemetery is the “Overseer of the Boats of Neith”. This would be the loader on the south side in all probability but it could have nothing to do with ramps. There are canal overseers, overseers of metal shops, director of draftsmen, inspector of craftsmen, controller of a boat crew, controller of the side of the pyramid, inspector of metal workers and a host of other jobs that reflect a sophisticated and intelligent culture. Most tellingly is that there is a “Weigher/ Reckoner”. This job would be critical on a device that was said to be sensitive enough to tell the difference in weight of a “heavy heart” from a feather. They found a standard weight in the queens “air siphon” and a hook.

In point of fact there simply isn’t anything consistent with ramps. While the evidence isn’t deep it is very broad that counterweights were used and the vertical lines on the great pyramids are simply sufficient to say ramps are debunked. This scale is tipped so much you’d think there’s nothing on the ascender at all. There were no ramps. They are debunked.

 
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