How Ummayads were Arab supramacist ?

M.S. Islam

Ad Honorem
Jul 2012
The tradition holds that Caliph ʿUmar II was unlike most Ummayads, being somehow a champion of Muslim equality; however, it seems quite improbable.
Umar II indeed was an exception among the Umayyads, so much so that Umayyad nobles arranged for his assassination.

Muʿawiya is frequently shown as a scheming and capable man, whose role in murder of Caliph ʿUthman is often implied.
Ridiculous. Uthman (ra) belonged to Umayya clan, Mu'awiya being his first cousin. The first civil war happened because Mu'awiya couldn't accept the delay in punishing murderers of Uthman (ra).

It is also ascribed to the Umayyads that they changed the title of khalifat rasul allah (deputy of the God's Prophet) into khalifat allah (Deputy of God), motivated by arrogance.
Can you cite a primary source (provided G. R. Hawtig provided one) for this piece of information? Never heard of this before.


Ad Honorem
Jan 2017
Republika Srpska
Not sure that made too much of an impression back in Damascus unlike the bizarre significance it gets today. (Yet) Another governor needed.
Indeed, and the battle of Tours was definitely overshadowed by two other important Umayyad catastrophes: battles of Marj Ardabil and the Defile. Both of these battles happened much closer to Syria and were perceived as much bigger disasters than Tours.
May 2016
The Abbasids, at least during their early period, were not really Persian oriented. The Abbasids, starting from al-Mansur, promoted Arabic culture, translated works from Greek into Arabic and basically tried to create a new, universal Islamic culture based not on Arab nationality, but on Arabic language.
Yes, that's true. While the Abbasids were not as Arab supremacists as the Umayyads, their "Arab" tendencies appear in many incidents, for instance, al-Fadl al-Barmaki once mocked the camels and was rebuked by Haroun who said that those camels are the ones that took your nation crown, then he stood while the servant was having trouble putting the shoes on Haroun's feets, so al-Fadl took the opportunity and said no need to endure such trouble if you used Ajami shoes, which further enraged Haroun and replied it is what his ancestors wore. Also, even the mawalis in the government came in an Arab package, and often the mawalis claimed, according to the prophet Hadith (he who became a mawali of certain people become one of them) as a proof of their Arabness. Their argument was accepted by some scholars such as al-Jahiz (the mawalis in the Abbasids age mainly means non-Arabs loyal to the Caliph). Arab origin as such was important sociopolitical factor in the Abbasid society (Tahirids and Buyids for example both claimed Arab origin).

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