- Mar 2017
What knowledge of the nervous system did you have in mind? There is no evidence that the ancient Egyptians had a modern understanding of the nervous system or that the brain was the seat of thought.
"Praxagoras suggested that the brain controls movement in the body, and posed the existence of neurons responsible for sending brain signals through the body. "
"Herophilus used dissection to demonstrate the existence of a nervous systemdistinct from the vascular system, discovered nerves connected to inner organs and muscles, and distinguished between sensory and motor nerves. "
Despite the Egyptian''s thousands of years of medical experience, they never came up with an accurate description of the circulation of blood, for example.
I don't see any evidence that the Islamic world "resurrected" ancient Egyptian medical scrolls. The Islamic world starting point was the medical knowledge of the ancient Greeks, not Egypitans, the works of Galen and such. Galen was popular among the Islamic world.
What are the sources to back that up the claim that the Egyptians did not have a ban on dissection? Can you provide any ancient text t hat describes the Egyptians performing systematic human dissections, such as those that were done in Renaissance European universities? (If the ancient Egyptians were performing human dissections, it doesn't look like they put the knowledge they gained into practical use, not even to improve their art and make it more natural, like the Renaissance Europeans like Da Vinci did.
Clinical anatomy as practiced by ancient Egyptians. - PubMed - NCBI
Also, Alexandria was a Greek city, founded by Greeks, ruled by Greeks and later Romans, and inhabited by Greeks. While located in Egypt,
Galen and the ancient Egyptians could not have been performing systematic dissections, otherwise his work could not have contained the errors in human anatomy that you find in it.
For all the alleged achievements of the ancient Egyptians you claim for them with respect to anatomy, they did not leave detained text and illustrations on human anatomy that the Renaissance Europeans did.
It is well known that many antibiotics have a natural source. That some people accidentally benefited from such natural antibiotics does not mean these ancient peoples understood the the benefits, it was just a lucky break, is all.
Infant mortality was high in pre-modern times, which greatly lowered the average life span. Starting with Western countries (Europe and North America) in the 19th century, infant mortality rates drastically declined.
I would say, until the 19th century, medicine had not much improved since ancient times, as infant mortality rates showed. The infant mortality rates world wide were not much better in 1800 than during during ancient Rome or Han dynasty. But as the huge drop in infant mortality rates during the 19th and 20th century shows, medicine has improved immensely since then.
I already mentioned Caesar, Philotas, & Plutarch. Plutarch's grandfather lived at least until his 60's. Rameses II lived to be 90-91.
I know a doctor that did medical studies on the elite of the South Korean military, robust muscle-mag specimens .... who, due to honeypot farming, had the most exotic load of internal parasites he'd ever seen.
--- This is a comment on the babies surviving and growing to maturity having reasonably robust constitutions. A lot of ancient people died in their late 30's, but this is largely attributed to environment .... like hauling around Ahkenaten's standard 110 lb building blocks ("suitable for one man to carry").
This isn't Graham Hancock flying pyramid stuff. Egyptian medical advances (as well as the hard sciences) are well understood by both the historical and medical communities. It took me seconds to find references. Did you think I made it all up? A discussion of Egyptian automatons and mechanical devices might make your head explode. They weren't stupid people, they weren't all geniuses either ... but they had some very, very smart individuals that were given the liberty to just "think" in the Museo & Great Library especially.