I need merchants to sell slaves

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Closed
Nov 2019
116
Maykop
In Russia, the 18th century did not sell serfs. They sold the estate in which the serfs lived. Modern realtors call this sale "encumbered." It was not human trafficking; it was the sale of real estate inhabited by people. I think the USA was the same.
I will give a fragment with dealers in Russian, where the most important sites are translated into English.
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We already saw that antique slaves, strictly speaking, were not slaves as they did not lose legal capacity and lived according to the same legal norms, as free people. Now we will consider serfs.

1762, 1794 SERFS WERE NOT SOLD
Only one scan of bill of serfs’ sale was found for the period of 1832-1861. It was for 1844, moreover, impossible to read and without decoding. However, there were numerous inquiries about collecting of arrears from serfs for 1855-1858. The problem is, those arrears mean that the serf can be in debt, and the debt means legal personality: a thing can not be in debt.

Here the bill of sale of 1762 (http://tarhany.ru/). They sell not people, but a real estate where people live. Realtors name a similar sort of sale as sale “with encumbrance”.

1762 года марта в 26 день капитана князь Якова князь Петрова сына Долгорукова жена его вдова княгиня Анна Михайлова дочь, в роде своем не последняя, продала она комнатного стольника Ивана Ивановича Нарышкина жене его вдове Настасье Александровне her serfdom-based real estate в Пензенском уезде в Завальном стану село Никольское Яковлевское тож, да в Верхоломовском уезде в селе Веденском Ворона тож, in those villages there are 300 male peasants, according to the second revision, да четвертные пашни к тем селам: по купчим действительного тайного советника и сенатора графа Андрея Артемоновича Матвеева от жены его вдовы графини Настасьи Ермиловны Матвеевой в Саранском уезде по реке Кевде и по другим урочищам двести пятьдесят четвертей, от стольника князь Стефана княж Иванова сына Путятина в Саранском уезде, что ныне в Пензенском уезде на вершинах реки Леплейки и на реке Кевде и иных реках и урочищах триста четвертей, в Верхоломовском уезде лейб-гвардии Измайловского полку отставного капрала Леонтья Дмитриева сына Верхоглядова в степи за Виловыми крспостьми и по реке Вороне с прочими урочищи в селе Веденском Ворона тож двадцать пять четвертей, да в том же уезде от капитана Ивана Алексеева сына Беркина от жены ево вдовы Афросиньи Ивановой дочери Беркиной в селе Веденском Ворона тож земли двадцать две четверти в поле а в дву потому же. <...> А взяла она княгиня Анна с нее Настасьи за все her abovementioned real estate, except the above stated people and peasants, и со всеми к тому принадлежностями денег восемь тысяч рублев. <…> Та купчая писана в Московской крепостной конторе за ее продавщипою и за свидетелевыми руками.

The same situation I with the bill of sale for 1794 (Главная страница - Государственный Лермонтовский музей-заповедник «Тарханы»). There is no direct indication on peasants as goods on sale; there is a sale of a real estate. Serfs, except removed, remain in the real estate, but is not a word that they are on sale or somehow transferred to the buyer.

Лета тысяча семьсот девяносто четвертого ноября в трети на десять день двора ее императорского величества действительный камергер экспедиции о ревизии в государстве щетов советник лейб гвардейского полку ротмистр и ордена святого равноапостольского князя Владимира второй степени большого креста кавалер Иван Александров сын Нарышкин в роде своем не последний продал я лейб гвардии Преображенского полку прапорщика Михайлы Васильева сына Арсеньева жене Елисавете Алексеевой дочери her real estate доставшееся мне по наследству после покойной бабки моей комнатного стольника Ивана Ивановича Нарышкина супруги его Настасьи Александровны и по купчей от брата моего родного лейб гвардии сержанта, что ныне подпорутчика Петра Александрова сына Нарышкина состоящее Пензенского наместничества Чембарской округи село Никольское Яковлевское тож where, according to the fourth revision, there are 430 male house-serfs and peasants, with their wives,children, brothers, nephews, grandchildren, newborn babies and fugitives of both sexes with all their families и со всяким их крестьянским хоромным и гуменным строением со скотом и со птицы с пашенною землею с хлебом стоячим, молоченным и в земле посеянным с лесы с лесными покосы рыбными ловли и со всеми принадлежащими угодьи не оставливаю за собою в показанном селе ничего на все без остатку except the excluded house-serfs whom I leave or myself, а именно Анику Петрова...
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google-translate
March 1762, on the 26th day of Captain Prince Jacob, Prince Petrov, son of Dolgorukov, his wife, widow Princess Anna Mikhailova, not the last of her kind, she sold the room attendant Ivan Ivanovich Naryshkin to her widow Nastasya Alexandrovna her serfdom-based real estate in Penza district in Zavalny I will become the village of Nikolskoye, Yakovlevskoe identity, and in Verkholomovsky district in the village of Vedenskoy Vorona, identity, in those villages there are 300 male peasants, according to the second revision, and a quarter of arable land to those villages: according to the deed of the real secret adviser and senator Count Andrei Artemonovich M Atveeva from the wife of his widow Countess Nastasya Ermilovna Matveeva in the Saransk district along the Kevda river and along other tracts of two hundred and fifty quarters, from the steward, Prince Stephen, Prince Ivanov, son of Putyatin, in the Saransk district, which is now in the Penza district on the peaks of the Lepleika river and on the river Kevdeva rivers and tracts of three hundred quarters, in the Verkholomovsky district of the Izmailovsky Life Guards regiment of a retired corporal Leonty Dmitriev, son of Verkhoglyadov in the steppe beyond the Vilovye Ksposti and along the Vorone River with other tracts in the village of Vedenskoy Vorona, also twenty ive quarters, but in the same county of Captain Ivan Alexeev son Berkina wife evo widow Afrosinya Ivanova Berkin daughter in the village of Vedeno Crow lands identity twenty-two in the quarter and for the same TLD. <...> And she took Princess Anastasia from her for all her abovementioned real estate, except the above stated people and peasants, and with all that money belonged to eight thousand rubles. <...> That merchandise was painted in the Moscow fortress office for its saleswoman and for witness hands.

The same situation I with the bill of sale for 1794 (Main page - State Lermontov Museum-Reserve "Tarkhany"). There is no direct indication on peasants as goods on sale; there is a sale of a real estate. Serfs, except removed, remain in the real estate, but is not a word that they are on sale or somehow transferred to the buyer.

In the summer of one thousand seven hundred and ninety-fourth of November, on the third on ten day of her imperial majesty’s court, the real chamberlain of the expedition to revise the state of brushes adviser to the Life Guards regiment captain and orders of the Holy Equal to the Apostolic Prince Vladimir of the second degree of the Grand Cross, cavalier Ivan Alexandrov son of my kind I was not the last to sell Life Guards Preobrazhensky Regiment of Warrant Officer Mikhaila Vasiliev son Arseniev wife Elisaveta Alekseeva daughter of her real estate inherited from me after the deceased the abcs of my roommaker Ivan Ivanovich Naryshkin, his wife Nastasya Alexandrovna, and, by deed of purchase, from my brother’s life-guard sergeant, who is now lieutenant Pyotr Aleksandrov, son of Naryshkin, consisting of the Penza viceroyalty of the Chembarsky district, the village of Nikolskoye Yakovlevskoe identifier where, according to the fourth revision, there are 430 male house-serfs and peasants, with their wives, children, brothers, nephews, grandchildren, newborn babies and fugitives of both sexes with all their families and with all their peasant mansion and humorous buildings with cattle and a bird with arable land and standing bread, milky and in emle sown with fishing lines with wild meadows fishing and all please do not belong to yourselves ostavlivayu shown in the village is nothing to all without a trace except the excluded house-serfs whom I leave or myself, namely Anika Petrov ...
 
Last edited:
Nov 2016
1,351
Germany
In Russia, the 18th century did not sell serfs. They sold the estate in which the serfs lived.
I'm afraid I have to disagree again.

(translated with Google Translate)

German Wikipedia ´Leibeigenschaft´ (Serfdom):

Russia:

In contrast to most Western European forms of serfdom, the Russian serfs were bound to the land only by the will of their master. If he wanted it different, they could be sold without land.

(...)
Serfs could be sold with goods and also individually. Most often impoverished lower nobility sold serfs to solvent higher nobles.


While serfdom had been abolished in Western Europe at the beginning of the 19th century, peasants in Russia continued to work on the fields of their masters for two to four days. They could even give away their serfs, pledge them or sell them as recruits.


The decree of 14 March 1746 prohibited merchants from owning serfs with or without land, and from 1747 onwards serfs could be freely given, sold or exchanged by their owners (with or without the land on which they lived and worked), even if they did well to deliver them as recruits. The Tsarina's armed forces consisted primarily of peasants who, due to their lack of rights, were easy to recruit.
 
Last edited:
Nov 2016
1,351
Germany
Only Russian
The problem with the Google translator is that the translation is sometimes incorrect and distorts the meaning. If you don't speak English, you won't notice it. Maybe this explains the strange title of the thread (I need merchants to sell slaves).
 
Nov 2019
116
Maykop
The problem with the Google translator is that the translation is sometimes incorrect and distorts the meaning. If you don't speak English, you won't notice it. Maybe this explains the strange title of the thread (I need merchants to sell slaves).
I can’t change this text anymore
 
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