Imigrants from Chile in SR Romania in 1974

Apr 2013
448
Romania
In 1973 general Augusto Pinochet made a coup in Chile overthrowing the socialist government of president Allende. The romanian president Nicolae Ceausescu was on a tour of Latin America when the coup happened. He gave instructions to the romanian embassy in Chile,that Socialist Republic of Romania will help the chileans that want safety from the chilean army. Begining with 1974 Romania took 5000 chilean imigrants. Romania gave them apartments and jobs, but many chileans found it difficult living under a dictatorship. By 1980 the majority of chileans left SR Romania for Sweden and West Germany. Only a couple of hundreds remained. After the fall of Pinochet, in the 1990s the rest of chileans returned home to their country. Only a little under a hundred choose to stay in Romania and took romanian citizenship.
Regardless of the politics, Im glad that my country helped people when they needed the most.
 

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mark87

Ad Honorem
Jan 2014
2,076
Santiago de Chile
Those were the exiles. A couple hundred thousands of them won the 'Pinochet scholarship' as the left refers to it mockingly to this day. Most went to parts of Latin america, western Europe (Sweden was a very popular destination) even ironically given the nature of the coup, the United States, and a fair few of course went to eastern Europe (the GDR was a very popular option). The irony is that many faced fairly repressive governments in eastern Europe the type of which they were running away from in Chile, some years ago one of the main papers unearthed the stasi files of many famous Chilean exiles in eastern Germany, they were being quite thoroughly watched by the intelligence agency. That is partly the reason why Erich Hoenecker died in 1994 in Chile escaping human rights abuses allegations, in exile in Santiago (his wife died recently I believe having lived 20 years a free woman in an eastern neighborhood of the city still believing in the glory of the eastern German government).
I believe most that ended up in eastern Europe ended up coming back fairly quickly, while those who went elsewhere tended to stay there, probably because of the iron curtain falling and a chaotic situation also Chile opened up in the 1980's to their return and then most came back with the return to democracy in 1989.
 
Apr 2013
448
Romania
The irony is that many faced fairly repressive governments in eastern Europe the type of which they were running away from in Chile, some years ago one of the main papers unearthed the stasi files of many famous Chilean exiles in eastern Germany, they were being quite thoroughly watched by the intelligence agency.
Yes this is quite true. The romanian secret services too, watched closely the chilean exiles. Also I believe that Allendes socialism had more in common with France and Italy socialism (social democracy) ,than with the dictatorships from Communist Block. The chilean exiles werent ready for the East Europe type of socialism.