- Apr 2015
That's a generalized comment actually, the reason India and Pakistan are so different today lies in the history. The Muslim League comprised of people who were mainly landlords and old Mughal nobles despite having a Western looking Jinnah while those in the Congress were mainly Western educated Indians, so the democratic state based on Westminster model was a grand failure in Pakistan and because the makers of Pakistani couldn't get out of their medieval worldview.I mean the similarities do some quite large. Both states grew out of the British and Mughal Empires. This can be seen in law (the legal system and organisation of the state), language (the use of English and Hindustani), territory. Both are at roughly similar levels of development, are similarly tied up with the great powers in terms of aid, and have similar problems in terms of corruption etc. Both states very much depend on one another in order to shore up domestic politics (your 'foil' concept).
The differences really don't seem very large. Even in terms of religion, the dominant strain of Hinduism one sees nowadays is very similar to the Abrahamic mindset: Strict scriptural adherence, insanity over perceived blasphemy etc. This is all very Mughal and it's a shame we encouraged tbh.
"disparity has only increased as their relationship continues to sour."
...hmm...no. Not to my mind. Even there, it seems like a mutually dependent relationship. India does what it does better than Pakistan does what it's trying to do. So far at least, and for whatever reason. Pakistan seems closer to resembling an army with a state than the reverse, whereas in India one does see the germination of actual democracy. But who knows what will happen 50 years from now?
Even as for religion, India still has largely kept religion out of state policy and even proselyting is allowed, while its present in every aspect of Pakistani society. The rise of Hindu nationalism in India infact is identical to right wing in various European countries as a reaction against the policies of Left wing parties.
Although Hindi-Urdu are identical but even Urdu becoming Pakistan's national language has a religious colour(it was spoken less than 3% of the population) and sign of Muhajir dominance, in India preference of Hindi was based on linguistic demography.