Jews in Russian/Austrian/Prussian Poland during the 1800s

#1
Interesting data about big differences in demographic developments of Jewish minority in Russian/Austrian/Prussian parts of Poland in the 1800s:

Source is this book: Digital Library of Wielkopolska | Żydzi w Polsce odrodzonej: działalność społeczna, gospodarcza, oświatowa i kulturalna



Apart from differences in natural growth rates between Jews in Russian/Austrian/Prussian territories, also migrations contributed to those changes.

For example, most of Jews from Prussian Poland emigrated further west to various parts of Germany (including Berlin) during the 1800s.

Some Jews - namely those who were poor - were also forcibly expelled from Prussian Poland by German authorities, into the Russian Empire, between years 1793 and 1806. There was also large-scale immigration of Litvaks (Jews from the Grand Duchy of Lithuania) into Congress Poland, due to industrialization of the latter (better job opportunities).

Meanwhile in Austrian-controlled Galicia, Jews emigrated to other parts of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

This is why the % of Galician Jews among the total Jewish population of Austro-Hungary was declining.
 
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Futurist

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#2
What are the total numbers for Posen Jews in 1816, 1900, and 1921?

Also, what % of the additional Austro-Hungarian Jews lived in Subcarpathian Ruthenia? I know that this region was as Jewish--if not even more so--than eastern Galicia was.
 
#3
More about expulsions of Jews from Germany/Prussia (most of whom went into Russian-controlled areas after being expelled) can be found here:

"Polityka rządu pruskiego wobec Żydów polskich od r. 1793 do 1806", published in Poznan in 1923.
(English title*: "Policies of Prussian government towards Polish Jews since year 1793 until 1806")


*Translated title. I don't think this publication is available in English. In Polish PDF can be found online.

What are the total numbers for Posen Jews in 1816, 1900, and 1921?
Will post it later.
 
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#5
Can you please provide a very brief summary of what's written there?
It mentions several instances of such expulsions, for example it says that between 1772 and 1776 Prussia expelled around 50% of all Jews from the province of West Prussia (created in 1772 from Polish lands annexed in the First Partition) and also about 6000 Jews were expelled from Netze District between 1772 and 1784.

Similar expulsions of Jews had taken place before. In 1573, all Jews were expelled from Brandenburg. And in 1746 Frederick the Great expelled Jews from areas of Silesia to the west of the Oder, allowing only few families to stay. After 1746 Jews could still live in Silesia, but only in parts of it located to the east of the Oder.
 
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Futurist

Ad Honoris
May 2014
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SoCal
#6
It mentions several instances of such expulsions, for example it says that between 1772 and 1776 Prussia expelled around 50% of all Jews from the province of West Prussia (created in 1772 from Polish lands annexed in the First Partition) and also about 6000 Jews were expelled from Netze District between 1772 and 1784.

Similar expulsions of Jews had taken place before. In 1573, all Jews were expelled from Brandenburg. And in 1746 Frederick the Great expelled Jews from areas of Silesia to the west of the Oder, allowing only few families to stay. After 1746 Jews could still live in Silesia but only in parts of it located to the east of the Oder.
Where did the expelled Jews move to?
 
#8
What are the total numbers for Posen Jews in 1816, 1900, and 1921?
Jews in the Kingdom of Prussia in 1817:

East Prussia ----------------------------- 2,389
West Prussia -------------------------- 12,632
Grand Duchy Posen ----------------- 52,568
Pomerania ------------------------------ 2,976
Silesia ---------------------------------- 16,476
Brandenburg ---------------------------- 8,498

Provinz Sachsen ---------------------- 3,242
Westphalia ----------------------------- 9,723
Jülich-Cleves-Berg ------------------ 8,372
Grand Duchy Niederrhein --------- 10,469


TOTAL Kingdom of Prussia --- 127,345 (ca. 1.21% out of 10,536,571 inhabitants)

^^^
On the other hand Britannica 1842 (but data for 1824, and first published in 1825):

The Encyclopaedia Britannica, Or Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, and General Literature - Google Play

 
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#10
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