- May 2014
Supposedly, months before his death, there was still a plan to colonize slaves in South America, even though congress had cut funding to the plan... this is in spite of the fact that a sort of experimental colony in Haiti failed badly (illness, starvation, the few survivors needed to be rescued). It seems like a very callous plan in retrospect, but at the time people saw it as humane. It provided a new start and a new life - offering the same benefits that European colonists sought when they came to America. So, as much as it seems underhanded now, it wasn't necessarily a completely nefarious plan.
The Negro Problem
I linked to the article above because it shows a good and extremely detailed perspective of people's attitudes towards blacks in 1884. 1884 was over a decade after the passage and ratification of the Reconstruction Amendments (13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments).
Being able to balance heart and mind - pathos and logos - is a valuable quality. I don't think that Lincoln's ability to calculate and think in a more dispassionate way about the situation was necessarily a bad thing. He was foremost wanting to preserve the peace of the Union and preserve human life. He may not have been a passionate abolitionist, but if he had been and threw all caution and forethought to the wind... would he have been a good leader for the US?
One of the reasons I love Teddy is because he was so completely wanting to see himself and all men as equals. When he invited Booker T. Washington to the White House, I think he confessed later that he had a moment of some sensation that he recognized as basically what we'd call racism. He shut that feeling out and had Washington dine with his entire family - he never considered the repercussions, it seems. In the south, one politician said that it would take them lynching 1000 blacks "before they will learn their place again" after Roosevelt allowed one man of African descent into the White House for dinner... which is an absolutely horrifying sort of response!