Just how much were former colonies hurt by the departure of their European populations?

Futurist

Ad Honoris
May 2014
22,239
SoCal
Just how much were former colonies hurt by the departure of their European populations? For instance, was the European population of various colonies necessary for things such as building industries, creating businesses, et cetera--thus severely hurting these countries once most of the Europeans left? Or was the effect of this European exodus much more modest?

Also, one can discuss the effect that the emigration of non-European minorities from former colonies after independence had as well if the presence of these non-European minorities (such as Indians in both Uganda and Fiji, I think) in these former colonies in the first place was also the result of European colonialism.
 
Apr 2017
1,655
U.S.A.
It varies by country.
Ones worth mentioning are Zimbabwe and Mozambique. Both made living there dangerous for their European populations.
In Zimbabwe, Mugabe's rule turned the bread basket of southern Africa into a record breaking failed state that needs food aid. Most of that is his corrupt and incompetent leadership but the departure of their most skilled work force played a large part too.
In Mozambique the government gave an ultimatum to the Europeans to get out. Many of them were rather bitter about this and sabotaged key industries that took years to recover from. The loss of important workers also set them back.
 

Futurist

Ad Honoris
May 2014
22,239
SoCal
It varies by country.
Ones worth mentioning are Zimbabwe and Mozambique. Both made living there dangerous for their European populations.
In Zimbabwe, Mugabe's rule turned the bread basket of southern Africa into a record breaking failed state that needs food aid. Most of that is his corrupt and incompetent leadership but the departure of their most skilled work force played a large part too.
In Mozambique the government gave an ultimatum to the Europeans to get out. Many of them were rather bitter about this and sabotaged key industries that took years to recover from. The loss of important workers also set them back.
Interesting.

Why did Mozambique's government want the Europeans out of there?

Also, what about Algeria, Angola, Tunisia, Morocco, Guinea-Bissau, South Africa, et cetera?
 
Apr 2017
1,655
U.S.A.
Interesting.

Why did Mozambique's government want the Europeans out of there?

Also, what about Algeria, Angola, Tunisia, Morocco, Guinea-Bissau, South Africa, et cetera?
The new government was communist and the expelled the Europeans for populist reasoning.
Algeria had pretty much descended into a race war.
Most of Angola's European population fled due to the civil war that broke out at independence.
Most of Tunisia's European population left after independence.
Most of Guinea-Bissau's European population left after independence.
In most of these cases the European populations left out of fear of reprisals by the natives, as they had been fighting for years.

South Africa is still ongoing, the whites are increasingly leaving and the country is starting to fall apart. This isn't completely because of their exodus but it plays a part.
 
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Futurist

Ad Honoris
May 2014
22,239
SoCal
The new government was communist and the expelled the Europeans for populist reasoning.
Algeria had pretty much descended into a race war.
Most of Angola's European population fled due to the civil war that broke out at independence.
Most of Tunisia's European population left after independence.
Most of Guinea-Bissau's European population left after independence.
In most of these cases the European populations left out of fear of reprisals by the natives, as they had been fighting for years.

South Africa is still ongoing, the whites are increasingly leaving and the country is starting to fall apart. This isn't completely because of their exodus but it plays a part.
Thanks for this information! Anyway, though, I was more curious as to how much the European exodus hurt these countries as opposed to why there was a European exodus from these countries in the first place.
 
Apr 2017
1,655
U.S.A.
Thanks for this information! Anyway, though, I was more curious as to how much the European exodus hurt these countries as opposed to why there was a European exodus from these countries in the first place.
Its hard to say as many of them descended into civil war that devastated the countries. The destruction caused by that was greater than the European exodus.
South Africa is being harmed by the white exodus significantly.
I can't say for every country in Africa but offhand I would say most of them lost important skilled workers from the departures. Overall civil war and bad policies had a greater effect.
 
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Futurist

Ad Honoris
May 2014
22,239
SoCal
Its hard to say as many of them descended into civil war that devastated the countries. The destruction caused by that was greater than the European exodus.
South Africa is being harmed by the white exodus significantly.
I can't say for every country in Africa but offhand I would say most of them lost important skilled workers from the departures. Overall civil war and bad policies had a greater effect.
Bad policies such as Communism?
 
Apr 2017
1,655
U.S.A.
Bad policies such as Communism?
That's part of it. Corruption and populist policies also are a major contributor.
Look at Zimbabwe, the dictator Mugabe took the prosperous farmland from the white owners and gave it to inexperienced natives. Within a few years they went from the breadbasket of southern Africa to needing to import food. He additionally pocketed much of the countries wealth and blamed it all on whites and the west. He gave money to indigenous innovations, including a woman that claims she could summon diesel fuel (not crude oil but refined diesel) from rocks (obviously a scam). He did this to make the people feel like their culture could fix the country, all the while running the country into the ground.
 
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Ighayere

Ad Honorem
Jul 2012
2,638
Benin City, Nigeria
Zimbabwe was always importing food, even before any land reform or land seizures, and its biggest/most important agricultural exports were mostly non-food products like tobacco (which is still the case).

One of Mugabe's biggest failings was not doing more to try to lessen the excessive dependence of his country's economy on agriculture.
 
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