last country to abolish slavery in Europe

Apr 2015
Only if you count serfdom as slavery.
But what was going on in Russia was not simple serfdom. Serfs were supposed to be tied to the land, and could rent houses and portions of fields. Serfs were not supposed to be bought and sold like animals, therefore it was slavery in Russia, not serfdom.
May 2015
Last edited:
Feb 2015
First time i heard about this.Anyway i guess it's nice to learn something new every day.
Dec 2012
The last European country to abolish slavery on its soil was Wallachia, in 1856.

The last European country to abolish slavery within any part of its empire was Britain, in its autonomous division of Northern Nigeria in 1936, though oddly Britain was among the first to abolish and end the trans-Atlantic slave trade and slavery on its soil, in 1833 and 1772.
wasn't Wallachia apart of Ottoman turkey at that time?


Ad Honorem
Jun 2014
Lisbon, Portugal
The last country in Europe to abolish slavery was Germany after its defeat in 1945.


Ad Honorem
Aug 2015
Chalfont, Pennsylvania
My refutation of 1772 is posted above....

Actually, the first West European country to abolish slavery was the Jacobin regime of Robespierre:

"The Convention, the first elected Assembly of the First Republic (1792–1804), on 4 February 1794, under the leadership of Maximilien Robespierre, abolished slavery in law in France and its colonies. Abbé Grégoire and the Society of the Friends of the Blacks were part of the abolitionist movement, which had laid important groundwork in building anti-slavery sentiment in the metropole. The first article of the law stated that "Slavery was abolished" in the French colonies, while the second article stated that "slave-owners would be indemnified" with financial compensation for the value of their slaves. The French constitution passed in 1795 included in the declaration of the Rights of Man that slavery was abolished."

[ame=[URL]]Abolitionism[/URL] - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia[/ame]

This Act resulted in slaves being freed in Martinique, Guadeloupe, St Domingue, etc, as the Jacobins sought to uphold their principle of "Liberty, Equality, Fraternity". When Napoleon came to power, he sought to reinstate slavery in the colonies, and succeeded in doing so in Martinique and Guadeloupe, and tried to do the same in St Domingue. His brother-in-law Le Clerc led an army to St Domingue, tricked Toussaint, and sent him back in chains to France, where he died. But Dessalines and Christophe took up the fight, gave Le Clerc a good old hammering, and when Le Clerc died in St Domingue, Napoleon quietly withdrew the defeated French army, and the colony became independent Haiti.
According to Wikipedia:

Louis X publishes a decree abolishing slavery and proclaiming that "France signifies freedom", that any slave setting foot on French ground should be freed.[18] However some limited cases of slavery continued until the 17th century in some of France's Mediterranean harbours in Provence, as well as until the 18th century in some of France's overseas territories.[19] Most aspects of serfdom are also eliminated de facto between 1315 and 1318.[20]
Timeline of abolition of slavery and serfdom - Wikipedia

Thus slavery was legally abolished within the Kingdom of France, meaning the old West Frankish Kingdom, in 1315, but was not decreed to be legally abolished within the later acquired overseas colonies of France, where it was an important factor, until 1794, and then that abolition provoked resistance and rebellion from the slave owning planters in those French colonies, as Larrey says in his post # 18.

So there are at least two, and probably more, important dates for the abolition of French slavery which are 479 years apart.

That same Wikipedia lists includes at least three different prohibitions of slavery in China separated by centuries and millennia, showing that social evils tend to creep back into existence after being prohibited. So the history of abolishing of slavery in a particular European country may sometimes be more complicated than a simple "slavery was abolished in the year ____".