Lost pyramids, and other ancient structures (if anyone wants to add)

Mar 2012
2,332
#1
Good Day.

I thought it would be fun to have a thread on lost pyramids, but if anyone would like to add, feel free to contribute any ancient or medieval architecture lost to history.

THE PYRAMID OF DJEDEFERE

Dating to about 2574 BC, It is believed that it was the size of the pyramid of Menkaure, the third largest of the Giza Plateau, or 213 feet, and stood beside the other Giza pyramids. It was the most beautiful of the pyramids, partially cased in pink granite, and had the unique architectural feature of being solid, built over natural chamber that would have served as the tomb. it is unknown who wrecked it...perhaps the Romans, perhaps the Egyptians themselves due to Djedefere's unpopularity. Perhaps it was never actually finished.

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The ETEMENANKI ZIGGURAT:

The alleged inspiration for the Tower of Babel, the age of the original, destroyed by Sennecherib, is lost, but it was re-built in the 6th century BC the Assyrian king Esharhaddon, and, since it was a mudbrick structure, several times subsequently. The ziggurat would have been an astounding 300 feet or better. Alexander planned to restore it, but died before he could get to it. The last it was heard of, Antiochus I planned to restore it, but stumbled, and fell, and ordered it leveled instead. Now, only the pitiful foundations remain.

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A fanciful depiction:

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Mar 2012
2,332
#2
The THE TOMB OF ROMULUS

Not everyone knows that there was briefly a Roman craze for Pyramid building, perhaps inspired by the Nubian war, the only one of which stills survives intact is the tomb of Cestius, which I had the good fortune of visiting a few years back:
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However, between where the Vatican now stands and Hadrian's tomb, there was once a bigger one, the origins of which are list to history, but which was fancifully referred to as "The Pyramid of Romulus" (the Tomb Of Cestius was said to be "the Pyramid of Remus.") Note in the picture that it stands next to another piece of lost architecture, which was created by Nero. Both were allegedly torn down to use the stone for St. Peter's Basilica.

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Mar 2012
2,332
#3
THE TOMB OF LARS PORESENA

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The tomb of the legendary Etruscan King, allegedly built around 500 BC at Clusium, is probably mythical, as it is actually reportedly a series of structures and pyramids stacked on each other, and would have been, as reported, an impossible 600 FT. plus. But some structures have been found which may have inspired it, including an Etruscan reservoir at Chiusi

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and a recently discovered series of pyramid shaped caves at Orvieto:

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Anyway, it was allegedly destroyed by Sulla in 89 BC. Here is a colorful destription:

Porsena was buried below the city of Clusium in the place where he had built a square monument of dressed stones. Each side was three hundred feet in length and fifty in height, and beneath the base there was an inextricable labyrinth, into which, if any-body entered without a clue of thread, he could never discover his way out. Above this square building there stand five pyramids, one at each corner and one in the centre, seventy-five feet [c. 22 meters] broad at the base and one hundred and fifty feet [c. 44 meters] high. These pyramids so taper in shape that upon the top of all of them together there is supported a brazen globe, and upon that again a petasusfrom which bells are suspended by chains. These make a tinkling sound when blown about by the wind, as was done in bygone times at Dodona. Upon this globe there are four more pyramids, each a hundred feet [c. 30 meters] in height, and above them is a platform on which are five more pyramids.
 
Mar 2012
2,332
#4
And, finally for me, my saddest entry:

EL TEMPLO MAYOR:

Wrecked by the Spanish along with the rest of Tenochtilan in 1521, and its stone used for nearby churches.

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Must have been a real sight to behold, overlooking its legendary island city with its giant causeway, surrounded by chiampas...

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