- Sep 2016
Huguenot rebellions were suppressed in 1629 with Peace of Alais. It confirmed the basic principles of the Edict of Nantes, but differed in that it contained additional clauses, stating that the Huguenots no longer had political rights and further demanding they relinquish all cities and fortresses immediately. It ended the religious warring while granting the Huguenots amnesty and guaranteeing tolerance for the group.As for the revolts, those were also remnants of the previous period. As has been discussed in this thread, then blackest mark against Louis is his policies towards the Hugenots. But he didn't create that situation. Though he might well have been seen to over-react to it.
As for the army situation, it's an old observation that all countries have one – either their own, and lacking one that of some other nation. The point of the French way of warfare beginning with Louis was to make sure the armies were NOT in France, causing havoc, but making that happen somewhere else. Which for the most part succeeded.
Really, the early modern state at the time of Louis really only had one task, and that was "national defense". (Later additions in turn have been general public education, followed by public health.) International politics could effectively be summed up as making wars, and then when successful (as was hoped) concluding favourable and profitable peaces. As for Louis record, it clearly wasn't as stellar as he might have liked, but France was still making sure someone else had to beat the brunt of being the Theatre of War.
Edict of Fontainebleau in 1685 and persecutions of Protestants were the reasons for a revolt in the Cevennes. Villars had to offer vague concessions to the Protestants and the promise to Cavalier of a command in the royal army.
Even after the end of the Dutch War, France still fielded an army of 150 000 men. Almost all of conflicts were started by Louis. He attacked Spain in 1667, invaded Dutch Republic in 1672, continued to occupy Spanish and Imperial territories in 1680's. Serious amount of money was also spent on bribing Charles II of England and some others.
Not to mention, that France fought alone against all of Europe for 9 years and pretty much lost it's powerful fleet . For all the effort and suffering of the French in that war, Louis only managed to retain Lower Alsace and Strasbourg.