- Jan 2011
Which is all very consistent...This is not true. The Russians moved their border to the west in September 1941. And a massive transfer of their troops to the new border began only after a year and a half - in the first half of the 1941. At the same time, fortified areas with powerful pillboxes created in the area of Kiev and in Belarus (Kiev, Mozyr and Polotsk fortified areas - УРы, Укрепленные районы) before the WWII (since late 1920s) were disarmed. In each of these URs , there were about 200 reinforced concrete pillboxes with machine guns. Some pillboxes had guns. Here's how, for example, looked DOT №205 Kiev fortified area, built in 1928-1932, with its firing points and underground concrete galleries with a total length of 358 meters and a garrison of 50 people
If the Russians, according to numerous Western historians, were preparing to repel the invasion of the Reich - why was it necessary to disarm them and leave them unarmed in 1941?
You do not like Suvorov? Here is another study on 1941 - Boris Shaptalov. Only Russian version is available.
ВОЕННАЯ ЛИТЕРАТУРА --[ Исследования ]-- Шапталов Б. Испытание войной
The author writes that:
In September 1940, the military commissar S.K. Timoshenko and the head of the Red Army, K.A. Meretskov wrote to Stalin the report “Considerations about the basics of the strategic deployment of the Armed Forces of the Soviet Union in the West and the East for 1940 and 1941.” "On our western borders, Germany will be the most likely enemy ... The armed clash between the USSR and Germany may involve Hungary in a military conflict with us, and also Finland and Romania with a goal of revenge
Note that there is no talk of an invasion of Germany, but of a military conflict. The forecast for June 1941 of the Russian commanders turned out to be very accurate. They correctly predicted the direction of the main German strikes in June 1941 and a number of other things. And only exaggerated the number of German divisions.
So, the Russians move a huge mass of troops and equipment to the western border in the first half of the 1941. Placed many airfields right near the border. At the same time, the number of aircraft on them is such that with a sudden raid of the Germans only a small part of the aircraft can take off. Huge stocks of ammunition, fuel and other military equipment are located near the border.
Not only that - Shaptalov shows that the General Staff had a lot of reports about the accumulation of German troops near the Russian border in May-June 1941.
You say that the Russians were preparing to repel the impending German invasion.
And what was the reality?
Halder, Chief of the German General Staff. A diary.
June 22, 1941 (Sunday). 1st day of war
Morning reports report that all armies, except the 11th [on the right flank of Army Group South, in Romania] launched an offensive according to plan. The offensive of our troops, apparently, was for the enemy on the whole front a complete tactical surprise.
Border bridges across the Bug and other rivers everywhere are captured by our troops without a fight and in full safety. The complete surprise of our offensive for the enemy is evidenced by the fact that the units were taken aback in barracks, the planes were standing on airfields covered with tarpaulin, and forward units suddenly attacked by our troops asked the command what they should do.
... The naval command also reports that the enemy, apparently, caught off guard.
12.00 - It was reported that the Russians had restored their international radio communications, which had been interrupted this morning. They appealed to Japan to represent the interests of Russia on political and economic relations between Russia and Germany and are engaged in lively radio talks with the German Foreign Ministry.
... The command of Army Group "South" reported that our patrols, unopposed, crossed the Prut between Galati and Husi and between Husi and Iasi. Bridges in our hands
..The overall picture of the first day of the offensive is as follows:
The offensive of the German troops took the enemy by surprise. The tactical order of the enemy was not tactically adapted to defense (!!! - Dir); His troops in the border zone were scattered over a wide area and tied to the quartering areas. The security of the border itself was generally weak.
... the enemy’s resistance in the border zone turned out to be weak and unorganized, as a result of which we easily managed to seize bridges over water obstacles everywhere and to break through the border strip of fortifications to the full depth (field type fortifications).
June 24, 1941. 3rd day of war
Decor: The final reports for 23.6 and today's morning reports confirm our assumptions. ... the resistance of the enemy turned out to be unorganized, divided and therefore ineffective.
.... The complete absence of large operational reserves completely deprives the enemy command of the ability to effectively influence the course of hostilities
So, the Russians disarmed their powerful fortifications in the rear. They transferred a huge mass of troops and equipment to the western border. Placed right at the border of thousands of aircraft. And they have clear information about the concentration of a large number of German troops, clearly preparing for the invasion.
But at the same time, on June 22, it turned out that Russians are completely unprepared for the unexpected invasion and they did not expect it at all.
- In Polish campaign? Are you sure? I have never heard that the Polish campaign was recognized as unsuccessful in the Kremlin, and the actions of the Red Army in it were ineffective. The Finnish campaign - yes, it temporarily cooled the hot Kremlin heads. And it was decided to carry out urgent reforms in the Red Army. And the Russians expected that in a year they should have given a positive result.
- And at the same time the Russians did not hurry at all. Of the 5807 long-term defensive structures of 13 fortified areas only 880 were ready. The preparedness of the fortified areas amounted to 15-20% on average.
All this construction completely fit into the Russian "Plan for covering the western border". The purpose of the plan was to cover the border until all the necessary units of the Red Army were deployed near it. For what? I already told you.
By the way, the Germans also built powerful fortifications along the Polish border until 1939. And these fortifications were much more solid than the Molotov line built on the 20%. Nevertheless, the Germans attacked the Poles, and not the Poles, against the Germans
Borders had moved west, so the army moved west and the fortifications as well... They 'disarmed' existing ones because they were building a new fortified line along the new borders and the older ones were assumed to be no longer needed.... Nothing unusual about that... Germans increased their troop numbers near the border, so did the soviets ..... Again nothing unusual....
And the unpreparedness of the soviet army in June 1941 merely confirms that they were not preparing to do anything that summer ....