Most powerful empires of each century

MAGolding

Ad Honorem
Aug 2015
2,891
Chalfont, Pennsylvania
true, Turks should be content that they once held the entire continent of Europe in terror.
Here is a link to a map of Europe as its borders are commonly defined.

Europe - Wikipedia

This definition of Europe's borders gives it an area of 10,180,000 square kilometers or 3,930,000 square miles.

The Ottoman Empire ruled most of the Balkan Peninsular in Europe for centuries, and thus ruled about 466,273.6 square kilometers, or 0.0458 of Europe. It also ruled large parts of Hungary, Slovakia, & Romania in Europe. The Ottomans made the Khanate of Crimea a vassal state in 1475, and the Khanate of Crimea claimed the right to collect tribute from Russia. European Russia looks like about half of all Europe.

The Ottomans first gained territory in Europe in 1355. They defeated Serbian coalitions at the Maritsa in 1371 and at Kosovo in 1389. They conquered most of Bulgaria by 1393, and captured the two rival Bulgarian Emperors in 1395 and 1396. The first of several unsuccessful crusades against the Ottomans was defeated in 1396. The first Ottoman siege of Constantinople lasted from 1930-1402.

From 1438 onward the electors always (except for once) elected a Habsburg ruler in southeastern Germany as emperor, no doubt because the Habsburg territories were the closest to the Ottomans and the most affected by Ottoman raids. Ottoman armies besieged Vienna in 1529 and 1683.

The Ottoman empire spread fear far beyond its borders. The Tatars of the Khanate of Crimea raided Russia, Poland/Lithuania, and other parts of Eastern Europe for slaves for centuries. Tatar slave raids in East Slavic lands - Wikipedia

The Ottoman vassal states in the western Mediterranean sent out Corsairs or Barbary Pirates to raid Christian ships and coastlines for slaves. Many coastlines in the western Mediterranean still have watchtowers and other defenses against Barbary pirates, and many coastal regions were depopulated as people moved inland to escaped the raids. Most European countries had charitable organizations to buy the freedom of (some of) their people enslaved in the Barbary states.

The Barbary pirates didn't limit their raids to the Mediterranean Sea but also attacked ships and coastlines in the Atlantic.

For example, Jan Janszoon von Haarlem (c. 1570-c. 1641), a Dutchman who became the Muslim captain Murat Reis the younger, led the Sack of Baltimore in Ireland in 1631, as well as raids on Iceland in 1627.

Sack of Baltimore - Wikipedia

Turkish Abductions - Wikipedia

It has been estimated that over the centuries a few million Europeans were abducted and enslaved by the Ottoman Turks and their dependents and allies.

So the Ottoman Empire oppressed a significant percentage of Europe for centuries, and for centuries spread the fear of Ottoman conquest far beyond its borders, and for centuries Europeans tens, hundreds, or even thousands of kilometers or miles beyond its borders lived in terror of being enslaved by Ottoman subjects.

So it isn't much of an exaggeration to say that the whole continent of Europe felt terror and hatred toward the Ottoman Empire.
 
Last edited:
Mar 2019
46
Canada
Here is a link to a map of Europe as its borders are commonly defined.

Europe - Wikipedia

This definition of Europe's borders gives it an area of 10,180,000 square kilometers or 3,930,000 square miles.

The Ottoman Empire ruled most of the Balkan Peninsular in Europe for centuries, and thus ruled about 466,273.6 square kilometers, or 0.0458 of Europe. It also ruled large parts of Hungary, Slovakia, & Romania in Europe. The Ottomans made the Khanate of Crimea a vassal state in 1475, and the Khanate of Crimea claimed the right to collect tribute from Russia. European Russia looks like about half of all Europe.

The Ottomans first gained territory in Europe in 1355. They defeated Serbian coalitions at the Maritsa in 1371 and at Kosovo in 1389. They conquered most of Bulgaria by 1393, and captured the two rival Bulgarian Emperors in 1395 and 1396. The first of several unsuccessful crusades against the Ottomans was defeated in 1396. The first Ottoman siege of Constantinople lasted from 1930-1402.

From 1438 onward the electors always (except for once) elected a Habsburg ruler in southeastern Germany as emperor, no doubt because the Habsburg territories were the closest to the Ottomans and the most affected by Ottoman raids. Ottoman armies besieged Vienna in 1529 and 1683.

The Ottoman empire spread fear far beyond its borders. The Tatars of the Khanate of Crimea raided Russia, Poland/Lithuania, and other parts of Eastern Europe for slaves for centuries. Tatar slave raids in East Slavic lands - Wikipedia

The Ottoman vassal states in the western Mediterranean sent out Corsairs or Barbary Pirates to raid Christian ships and coastlines for slaves. Many coastlines in the western Mediterranean still have watchtowers and other defenses against Barbary pirates, and many coastal regions were depopulated as people moved inland to escaped the raids. Most European countries had charitable organizations to buy the freedom of (some of) their people enslaved in the Barbary states.

The Barbary pirates didn't limit their raids to the Mediterranean Sea but also attacked ships and coastlines in the Atlantic.

For example, Jan Janszoon von Haarlem (c. 1570-c. 1641), a Dutchman who became the Muslim captain Murat Reis the younger, led the Sack of Baltimore in Ireland in 1631, as well as raids on Iceland in 1627.

Sack of Baltimore - Wikipedia

Turkish Abductions - Wikipedia

It has been estimated that over the centuries a few million Europeans were abducted and enslaved by the Ottoman Turks and their dependents and allies.

So the Ottoman Empire oppressed a significant percentage of Europe for centuries, and for centuries spread the fear of Ottoman conquest far beyond its borders, and for centuries Europeans tens, hundreds, or even thousands of kilometers or miles beyond its borders lived in terror of being enslaved by Ottoman subjects.

So it isn't much of an exaggeration to say that the whole continent of Europe felt terror and hatred toward the Ottoman Empire.
But any country that choose to raid other country is because they don't have it themselves. Like Barber pirates, Vikings and any nomads.
 
Sep 2016
1,217
Georgia
So the Ottoman Empire oppressed a significant percentage of Europe for centuries, and for centuries spread the fear of Ottoman conquest far beyond its borders, and for centuries Europeans tens, hundreds, or even thousands of kilometers or miles beyond its borders lived in terror of being enslaved by Ottoman subjects.
You should write and list all of that in ,, Should Europeans apologize '' thread.
 

martin76

Ad Honorem
Dec 2014
6,631
Spain
They did, that is why many Turkish invasions will have European colitiations against them. Polish hussars is a good example.
I mean why would a bunch of European countries gang up on a Ottoman army if they are not afraid?
Well... I don´t know the Poles... I was thinking in Spain-Portugal.
 
Jul 2014
1,602
world
Tang is way more powerful than the Abbasid, in economy and military(numbers and equipment), you might get the Idea from China having a rival with Tibet, but you probably didn't realise that Chinese armies frequently defeated more numerous Tibetan armies. For a example, the first invasion by Tibet, 200,000 men, got their asses wiped when a border administor took 10,000 border guards + 40,000 rallied peasants armed with whatever weapon found in the local arsenal(he didn't even bother to drill them) and this 50,000 men sneaked up the Tibetan camp at night(50,000 men with torches too, camp guards were asleep for some reason), and surprised the Tibetans and killed half the Tibetan force, the Tibetans then fled China, from border guards and armed peasants. the Final invasion where they took the Chinese capital for two months was 400,000 men, then the emperor returned from his campaign in the north, and led a charge of 50,000 heavy cavalry, simply broke through the center and slayed a general, the Tibetians than ran away while getting stabbed by the pursuing imperial guards, the fields became very fertile the next year.

Two hundred thousand strong Tibetan armies only existed in the dreams of Tang historians. Tibetan folk history says that Tang got beaten by small Tibetan army in Suzhou. why should we believe Tang over Tibetan history ? And Tibet has 1/20th of arable land compared to the Xinjiang and the steppe pastures are much harsher than central asian steppes.. How the hell can they raise an army of 200000 strong ? The whole population of Tibet in 640 AD was around four hundred thousand strong. Did everybody from Tibetan grandfathers to the babies invade Tang dynasty ?

Tang got beaten multiple times by small Tibetan armies through out two hundred years of wars. Tang had ally with the Turks and the Arabs and even Indians to hold back the Tibetans ..let only defeat them.
 

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