- Dec 2011
- Iowa USA
Lincoln needed to get re-elected to "finish" the process, so as you say, the latitude to act was narrow.That's politics. The E.P. could not affect the economic interests of the political elite in states that did not secede. The Proclamation was a war time statement of what the Union finally intended, issued by the President. Too bad, but there it is. In order to institutionalize the intent, the 13th Amendment had to be ratified later in 1865.